Essays on Humanities

Free essays on Humanities refer to essays that are available for downloading or reading online without having to pay any fees. These essays cover a wide range of topics within the field of humanities, including literature, philosophy, religion, history, art, culture, and language. They are written by scholars, academics, and students, and provide valuable insights and perspectives on various issues and debates within the humanities. Free essays on Humanities offer a great resource for people looking to explore new ideas or gain more knowledge in the area of humanities, without having to spend money on expensive books or journals.
The Peloponnesian War: A Tale of Rival Empires and Shifting Alliances
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The Peloponnesian War, which transpired from 431 to 404 BCE, was a significant historical event that consumed the whole of ancient Greece, serving as a battleground for the formidable city-states of Athens and Sparta. The intense and protracted struggle for supremacy in the Mediterranean area had a significant and lasting influence, exerting a profound effect on the trajectory of history for subsequent centuries. The genesis of the Peloponnesian War may be attributed to the precarious equilibrium of power within the…...
War
Nihilism: Embracing the Void or Confronting Existential Challenges?
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Nihilism, a philosophical philosophy that emerged during the 19th century, presents a challenge to conventional ideas and values by positing the absence of intrinsic meaning or purpose in existence. The name "nihilism" originates from the Latin phrase "nihil," which translates to "nothing." Nihilists espouse a philosophical stance that entails the rejection of the existence of objective moral truths, religious teachings, and social standards. Consequently, they often endorse a skeptical and cynical perspective towards life. The philosophical idea of nihilism has…...
Philosophy
The Enigmatic Journey of Chris McCandless: A Modern-Day Adventurer
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Chris McCandless, a young and idealistic adventurer, captured the world's attention with his tragic and controversial journey into the Alaskan wilderness. His story, immortalized in Jon Krakauer's book "Into the Wild" and later adapted into a movie, has sparked debates and discussions about the pursuit of dreams, the meaning of freedom, and the consequences of living on the edge. In 1990, at the age of 22, Chris McCandless embarked on an extraordinary journey that would ultimately lead to his untimely…...
Human Nature
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Unraveling the Causes of the Civil War: A Nation Divided
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One of the most formative and seminal events in American history occurred between 1861 and 1865: the American Civil War. It was a bloody war that opposed the Union (the northern states) against the Confederacy (the southern states). Many lives were lost, and the country will never be the same. There was a complicated web of political, economic, social, and ideological elements that led to a country divided, and unraveling that web is essential to understanding the roots of the…...
Civil War
The Power of Understanding: An Exploration of Empathy
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The capacity to comprehend and empathize with the ideas and points of view of others is at the heart of empathy, which is a key component of human connection. This strong mental and emotional ability, which promotes love, compassion, and mutual understanding, enables people to interact with one another on a deeper level. Empathy is essential to the maintenance of social cohesiveness because it enables us to create lasting bonds and a society that is more kind and helpful. At…...
Empathy
The Humble Definition: Embracing Modesty and Gratitude
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Humility, often regarded as a virtue, is the quality of having a modest and unpretentious view of oneself and one's abilities. It is a characteristic that is revered in many cultures and religions, representing an attitude of selflessness and openness to others. Humility involves recognizing one's limitations, acknowledging the contributions of others, and treating everyone with respect and dignity. In a world that often celebrates self-promotion and individual achievement, humility offers a refreshing counterbalance. It encourages us to look beyond…...
Humility
Containment in the Cold War: A Strategy of Restraint and Ideological Confrontation
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The United States and the Soviet Union engaged in a geopolitical and ideological conflict that dominated world events throughout the majority of the 20th century. The United States developed a strategy known as containment as a result of the rising tensions and worries of nuclear conflict. The term "containment" was first used by diplomat George F. Kennan in 1947 to describe efforts to stop the spread of communism and reduce the power of the Soviet Union by diplomatic, economic, and…...
Cold War
Fish Cheeks: Embracing Cultural Identity and Celebrating Differences
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"Fish Cheeks" is a touching and autobiographical narrative written by Amy Tan, first published in Seventeen magazine in 1987. The story delves into the author's personal experience as a young Chinese-American girl, navigating the complexities of cultural identity and grappling with feelings of embarrassment and shame. Through the use of vivid imagery and poignant reflections, Tan delivers a powerful message about the importance of embracing one's cultural heritage and celebrating the richness of diversity. In this essay, we will explore…...
Social Psychology
“Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been”: Exploring the Complexity of Adolescent Identity
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"Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been" is a captivating short story written by Joyce Carol Oates, published in 1966. The narrative centers around a teenage girl named Connie, who struggles with the complexities of adolescent identity and the dangers of the outside world. Oates' masterful storytelling delves into themes of teenage rebellion, vulnerability, and the consequences of naive choices. In this essay, we will analyze the story's central themes, character development, and the broader social commentary it presents.…...
Adolescence
Sectionalism: Understanding the Divides that Shape a Nation
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Sectionalism is a concept deeply rooted in the history and development of nations, including the United States. It refers to the strong loyalty and attachment people feel toward their particular region or section of the country. Such regional divisions often arise due to differences in geography, economy, culture, and political beliefs. Understanding the impacts of sectionalism is crucial for comprehending historical events, conflicts, and even modern-day politics. In this essay, we will delve into the origins of sectionalism in the…...
History
The New England Colonies: Pioneers of American History
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The New England Colonies significantly influenced the early formation of the United States and significantly influenced the history, culture, and personality of the country. These colonies have distinct social, economic, and religious traits that date to the 17th century that distinguish them different from one another. The New England Colonies saw economic development and played a crucial role in building the complex and dynamic country that exists today. This is evident everywhere, from Connecticut's rich valleys to Massachusetts' rocky coastlines.…...
History
The Antebellum Period: A Time of Contradictions and Transformation in American History
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The antebellum era, which lasted from the late 1800s through the commencement of the Civil War in 1861, was a watershed moment in American history. It was a time of immense paradoxes, with economic expansion and affluence coexisting with the long-standing challenges of slavery and racial inequity. The antebellum period saw tremendous social, political, and economic upheavals that created the framework for the subsequent difficulties and transitions. The fast economic expansion and industrialisation in the United States was a distinguishing…...
History
IGCSE History: World War I – Stalemates
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IGCSE History: World War I – Stalemate The Stalemate: A deadlock is where two opposing armies are locked in continual stalemate and are unable to move. The Trench System: Pros: Protected and sheltered soldiers. Easily defended. Easily built and maintained. Allowed soldiers to shelter for winter. Allowed the use of artillery pieces. Allowed soldiers a chance to rest. Allowed the chance to test new weapons (machine guns and gas). Cons: Immobile and stationary. Prolonged confrontation. This caused problems such as:…...
History
IGCSE History: World War I
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"IGCSE History: World War I – Documentary From the documentary '1914-1918': Kaiser Wilhelm II promised to have lunch in Paris and dinner in St. Petersburg. The Germans utilized the Big Bertha for the Battle of Verdun: Huge howitzer. Could fire 820kg shells. As the Germans advanced through Belgium: Citizens fought back. Snipers attacked, inflicting large casualties. This slowed the German advance. The Germans were terrified of sniper attacks: 'Unless they shot first, no one knew where the enemy was,' reports…...
History
IGCSE History: War Kindless
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I/GCSE History: War Kindles The risk of war: Reoccupation of the Rhineland occurred in 1936 and was a clear breach of the Treaty of Versailles. Hitler took considerable risks: He could expect resistance from the French as he moved his army into the Rhineland. If they did resist by sending troops, their army could potentially outnumber the German army. The German troops were not ready for a war with France. The first troops sent into the Rhineland were ordered to…...
History
IGCSE History: World War I – Why did the Schlieffen Plan fail?
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IGCSE History: World War I – Why did the Schlieffen Plan fail? Why did the Schlieffen Plan fail? BEF (British Expeditionary Force): 18th August 1914: BEF arrived in France under the command of Sir John French. It had arrived faster than expected. This prompted von Moltke to draw forces from the Eastern Front. The Kaiser thought it was a 'contemptible little army.' It was small but excellently trained. 23rd August 1914: Battle of the Mons. The Germans were slowed. The…...
History
IGCSE History: Big Three
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IGCSE History: Big Three The Big Three: The fate of the losers (Central Powers – Germany, Turkey, Hungary, etc.) and Wilson's Fourteen Points were discussed in the Paris Conferences held in January 1919. Referred to the Prime Ministers/Presidents of America, Britain, and France (the victorious countries of WWI) – remember, the formation of the Big Three changes after WWII, do not get confused. All leaders had their own objectives, depending on their degree of hatred of Germany and their views.…...
History
IGCSE History Arab-Israeli Conflict
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IGCSE History Arab-Israeli Conflict First Arab-Israeli War: 1948-9 Causes When Israel was formed on 14th May 1948, none of the Arab states acknowledged its existence, thus forming a coalition to invade and re-take Palestine. What happened? 14th May 1948, David Ben-Gurion announced the formation of Israel. Arab states (Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, and Syria) subsequently invaded with 30,000 troops. The Arab Legion, the most experienced and well-equipped, took over the Old City of Jerusalem. USA. UN cease-fire ordered on 11th June,…...
History
IGCSE History: Hitler’s War
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I/GCSE History: Hitler’s War Introduction: Part of the reason why Hitler, Mussolini, and Japan all wanted to grow and annex land was to lift their economies out of the Great Depression. In March 1939, Germany invaded the rest of Czechoslovakia: No resistance from Britain or France. Convinced Britain and France that appeasement had failed: Chamberlain said that 'after this I cannot trust the Nazi leaders again.' On the 31st, Britain declared that it would stand by Poland in the event…...
History
IGCSE History: World War I – Sir Douglas Haig
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IGCSE History: World War I – Sir Douglas Haig Sir Douglas Haig: Alternatively called the Somme Butcher. Strategies: Believed in the policy of attrition. Tactics were clumsy, costly in resources. Believed that defense could not bring victory. Haig's method was the best possible considering that he did not have hindsight or anything else to rely on. His tactics prepared the route to Allied victory. Haig's methods at the Somme achieved: Saving the fortified town of Verdun. Taking the pressure off…...
History
IGCSE History: Reasons for and examples of US support for Israel
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IGCSE History: Reasons for and examples of US support for Israel Reasons for US Support for Israel: Sympathy – Jewish survivors of Nazi concentration camps. US-large Jewish population forced the government to support Israel. US felt Israel was a close firm friend in a troubled part of the world/knew that Russia was arming Egypt/Syria. Examples of US Support for Israel: War of 1948-49: Financial aid from the US allowed Israelis to irrigate/cultivate a large amount of the desert. US and…...
History
IGCSE History: World War I – Reasons for the Gallipoli Campaign
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IGCSE History: World War I – Reasons for the Gallipoli Campaign Reasons for the Gallipoli Campaign: Russia was nearing defeat in early 1915 (winter): The only route for British troops to reach her was through the sea of Marmara and Russia's Black Sea ports: All other ports were frozen. If Russia fell, Germany would be greatly strengthened. Turkey needed to be forced from the war: It was allied with Germany. By forcing Turkey from the war, it was possible this…...
History
IGCSE History: World War I – Key Events in the War at Sea
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IGCSE History: World War I – Key Events in the War at Sea What were the Key Events in the North Sea? British Naval Blockade on Germany: Ordered at the outbreak of the War and started in August 1914. Prevented all ships from entering or leaving German waters. 12 000 ships carrying supplies (oil, food, medical provisions were intercepted.) Only 80 ships slipped through. This caused a serious food shortage in Germany during 1916: Caused riots in German towns. Winter…...
History
IGCSE History: War Kindles
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IGCSE History: War Kindles The risk of war: Reoccupation of the Rhineland occurred in 1936 and was a clear breach of the ToV. Hitler took considerable risks: The French were likely to resist his moving troops into the Rhineland. If they did resist by sending troops their army could potentially outnumber the German army. The German troops were not ready for a war with France. The first troops sent into the Rhineland were ordered to retreat if they met with…...
History
IGCSE History: World War I – Recruiting
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IGCSE History: World War I – Recruiting Lord Kitchener’s Recruiting Campaign: 2.5 million men, all of whom were young, enlisted. Rifles and uniforms were too few. Men were encouraged to join with their friends: If you joined in a group you stayed in the same group. Some men only joined because of their friends. The new soldiers received amateur training. These training techniques did not keep up with technological developments. The officers came from upper society families: Some had never…...
History
IGCSE History: World War I – Battle of the Marne
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IGCSE History: World War I – Battle of the Marne Battle of the Marne: 3rd September: The Allies launched an offensive at the German flank. Kluck was forced to halt his forces and repel them. 6th September: The Allies launched a ferocious offensive against the Germans. It was fought between the BEF who were allied with the French against the German. Imperial Army commanded by Generals von Kluck and von Bulow. The battle continued for 3 days. The Germans were…...
History
IB History: Cold War Cause – Theory 1
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IB History: Cold War Cause – Theory 1 The Cold War began as early as the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution As this is a guide about the Cold War, I won’t go into too much detail about the Bolshevik Revolution. Basically, during World War I, the Russians were facing potential defeat under the rule of Nicholas Tsar. Therefore, the Bolsheviks (a type of Marxist Revolutionists) decided to take matter in their own hands and rallied the support of the citizens to…...
History
IB Philosophy: Proof and Logic
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IB Philosophy: Proof and Logic The topic ‘Proof and Logic’ deals with how an argument is formulated and the lines of reasoning that can lead to its success. The basic definitions that can be found in all logical arguments are as such: A premise is a statement that supports what you argue. A deductive argument claims that if all premises are true, the conclusion that is inferred from the premises is also truthful. A logical fallacy refers to an invalid…...
Philosophy
Electrical Hazards: Understanding the Dangers of Electricity and Safety Measures
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Dangers of Electricity CORE 1 Identify electrical hazards including• damaged insulation,• overheating of cables,• damp conditions. 2 Demonstrate understanding of the use of fuses. SUPPLEMENTARY Demonstrate understanding of the use of circuit-breakers. P1 Identify electrical hazards including damaged insulation,• overheating of cables,• damp conditions. Insulation can be unsafe if it is damaged or if it is wet because impure water will conduct electricity and deliver an electric shock if you were somehow unfortunate enough to encounter one. Overheating can cause…...
History
IGCSE History: World War I – Documentary
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IGCSE History: World War I – Documentary From the documentary ’1914-1918′: Kaiser Wilhelm II promised Paris for lunch and St. Petersburg for dinner. The Germans utilized the Big Bertha for the Battle of Verdun: Huge howitzer. Could fire 820kg shells. As the Germans advanced through Belgium: Citizens fought back. Snipers attacked inflicting large casualties. This slowed the German advance. Sniper attacks were nerve-racking for the Germans: “Unless they shot first no one knew where the enemy was” reports a soldier.…...
History
IB Philosophy Core Theme: The Human Condition
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IB Philosophy Core Theme: The Human Condition The issue of the human condition encompasses the unique aspects of our personality, our selves and our characteristics that differentiates ourselves from other creatures. This may include issues such as the purpose of our lives, individuality and human society. Karl Marx > Karl Marx: Stated that ‘alienation’ is neither metaphysical nor religious, but really social and economic – due to the events in the early 1990s, when the communist countries of the Eastern…...
Philosophy
IGCSE History: the establishment of the Weimar Republic and early problems
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IGCSE History: the establishment of the Weimar Republic and early problems The German Revolution [1918] Situation by August 1918: Germans being starved out of the war by British blockades July: the Spring Offensive had failed, and a counter attack by the Allies brought them to the brink of defeat August: Public suffering increased by an influenza sweeping through Europe * 29th Oct: German sailors refuse to set sail -> Influenced by the Russian revolutions in 1917 -> German revolution begins…...
History
IGCSE History: World War I – Stalemate
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IGCSE History: World War I – Stalemate The Stalemate: A deadlock is where two opposing armies are locked in continual stalemate and are unable to move. The Trench System: Pros: Protected and sheltered soldiers. Easily defended. Easily built and maintained. Allowed soldiers to shelter for winder. Allowed the use of artillery pieces. Allowed soldiers a chance to rest. Allowed the chance to test new weapons (machine guns and gas). Cons: Immobile and stationary. Prolonged confrontation. This caused problems such as:…...
History
Despair and Fear in Poem Refugee Blues
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Despair and Fear in Refugee Blues During the late years of the Second World War, fear and despair were perhaps the most common emotions that the Jewish felt; the Holocaust was in action. Written in 1939 by W. H. Auden, Refugee Blues revolves around a refugee couple; a Jewish man and his wife (however, this is unsure because she is only referred to as “my dear” throughout the poem), fleeing from German soldiers, with survival and freedom as their only…...
History
The Nazi-Soviet Pact: Collaboration and Consequences
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Nazi-Soviet Pact Communist beliefs: As a communist Josef Stalin saw fascist and democratic nations as the same; capitalist. He was only concerned with keeping the capitalist nations from uniting against the USSR. As such he was happy to do a deal with either. Stalin believed that capitalist powers were naturally aggressive as was taught by communist writers. Stalin wanted: To make sure that the USSR was on the winning side. To enter the war at the end so that the…...
History
IB Philosophy: Utilitarianism
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IB Philosophy: Utilitarianism Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is a normative ethical theory first proposed by J. Bentham, then later modified by J.S. Mill. The focus of Utilitarianism is to maximise the happiness of the majority. Bentham’s Quantitative Utilitarianism Bentham’s utilitarianism is a purely QUANTITATIVE version of utilitarianism.Has 3 parts: A commitment to Hedonism (search for pleasure) – “pleasure and pain are our sovereign masters” Principle of Utility (usefulness) – Greatest happiness principle. We should act to maximise pleasure for everyone. Not a…...
Philosophy
IGCSE History: World War I – Germany Documentary “1914-18″
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IGCSE History: World War I – Germany Documentary "1914-18" “1914-18” Documentary – Episode 6 – Collapse 1918 the Allies and the Germans were at the end of their endurance: French soldiers were beginning to mutiny. Italian civilians were rioting. Russian communist groups were rebelling: The February and October Revolutions having just took place. Europe was running out of fighting men. In Germany: Workers went on strike. Military courts became too powerful: Militarism was spreading. Peasants no longer wished to continue…...
History
IGCSE History: World War I – Battle of the Mons
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IGCSE History: World War I – Battle of the Mons Battle of the Mons: The BEF were stationed several miles south of the Belgian mining town of Mons. BEF consisted of 4 infantry divisions and 1 cavalry division. 22nd August 1914: 4th Royal Irish Dragoon Guards C squadron sent out two patrols north towards the Soignies. These met with German patrols. 4 German cavalrymen were spotted by the English and killed. 23rd August 1914: BEF set up defensive positions near…...
History
Unraveling Disarmament: Assessing the Challenges and Failures of the 1932-1933 Conferences
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Disarmament Conferences (1932 – 1933) Disarmament Conferences 1932 – 1933 Took place in Geneva, Switzerland Wilson and Roosevelt both believed that peace in Europe could be ensured if all countries disarmed, and therefore included international disarmament in his 14 points. These conferences were an effort to actualize this ideal. Roosevelt: “If all nations will agree wholly to eliminate from possession and use the weapons which make possible a successful attack, defenses automatically will become impregnable and the frontiers and independence…...
History
Mussolini and Italian Fascism: Rise to Power and Key Ideologies
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Mussolini Mussolini and Italian Fascism Italy before Mussolini: Many political issues after the conclusion of the Great War: About half a million Italian soldiers had died in the Great War; Italy wanted compensation: This did not occur as they did not get all the land they felt that they were promised. The ToV was known as the mutilated peace. Few had respect for the Italian parliament. 5 governments had been formed between 1919 and 1922 and none succeeded. Divisions between…...
History
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“Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been”: Exploring the Complexity of Adolescent Identity
...This masterful story remains relevant today, reminding us of the importance of fostering open communication and understanding within families and communities. It serves as a reminder that while teenage years are a period of exploration and growth, it...
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