Essays on Social Movements

Free essays on social movements are academic papers that explore various aspects of collective action aimed at achieving social change. These essays can focus on a broad range of social movements, from civil rights and feminism to environmental activism and LGBTQ+ rights advocacy. They may discuss the historical background and key figures involved in a particular social movement, examine the strategies and tactics employed by activists, and evaluate the impact and legacy of the movement. Free essays on social movements can be useful resources for students, researchers, and anyone interested in learning more about these important aspects of social and political history.
The Arab Spring as a Period in the History of the North Arab Peoples
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The Arab spring is a period in the history of the north Arab nations that the Arab citizens decided to revolt against the governments that were in power at that time. The Arab spring kicked off in the year 2010 in Tunisia. As much as the Arab spring started in Tunisia, its effects spread all the way to the rest of the Arab nations such as Iraq, Libya, Egypt, Lebanon, and Kuwait. I fact, the effects of the Arab spring…...
Arab SpringGovernmentPolitics
The Arab Spring and Its Negative Effects on Egypt
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The term "Arab Spring" means a lot of different things to different people. In a dictionary definition meaning, it refers to a "... wave of pro-democracy protests and uprisings that took place in the Middle East and North Africa beginning in 2010 and 2011, challenging some of the region's entrenched authoritarian regimes"(Britannica). It all started when a street vendor in Tunisia set himself on fire in front of a municipal building to protest his work conditions. This act of protest…...
Arab SpringGovernmentPolitics
The Conflict in Syria as a Result of the Uprisings of the Arab Spring
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"The conflict in Syria began as an off shoot of the March 2011 Arab Spring uprisings". Specifically, it was all said to have started, when a group of young Arabic youth in the southern city of Deraa (located in Syria) began, spray painting "anti-government" graffiti on school walls and other various public/governmental buildings. As a result of the group's outrageous behavior, the Syrian governments wasted no time in making an example of these students, torturing many of them while they…...
Arab SpringIslamSyria
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Changes in the Muslim World Caused by the Arab Spring
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The Arab Spring that began in Tunisia in 2010 has brought about unprecedented changes to the Muslim world. Within the past several years, the revolution is responsible for numerous political reforms in Tunisia, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Yemen, but it has also prompted several bloody wars, most notably the Syrian Civil War. Complicating the situation are violent nonstate actors like alQaeda and ISIS, both of whom are thriving among the hostility, and strongheaded dictatorships like that of Bashar alAssad's. All…...
Arab SpringPoliticsSyria
The Negative Effects of the Arab Spring Crisis in the Middle East
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It is now almost half a decade since Tarek al-Tayeb Mohammed Bouazizi, a petty street fruit vendor, set himself on fire after being humiliated by local police. That one single act by the vendor opened up doors to what would become one of the most memorable uprisings in the Arab world. This uprisings famously known as the Arab spring, a phrase coined by an American academic, and the effects that it had on Tunisia are the basis of this paper.…...
Arab SpringGovernmentPolitics
An Analysis of the 1968 Production of Hair: The American Tribal Love-Rock Music
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In January 1968, the Off-Broadway production of Hair: The American Tribal Love-Rock Music closed after a run of forty-five performances at the Cheetah Discotheque on 53rd. Between closing Off-Broadway and opening on Broadway in April 1968, the script was revamped for a Broadway audience. The audience of the show was shifting from an artistically-enthused, somewhat bohemian audience, to a more culturally-motivated upper-class group of socialites. It was noted in reviews that touring tickets alone at smaller venues could cost up…...
ActivismCultureRock Music
Foreshadowing the American Revolution
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During the early 1700s, England had shown little interest in the thirteen colonies. The British government attempted to maintain its authority over the colonies by putting taxes on the colonies. The colonies resisted and then rebelled. The American Revolution had many foreshadowing events that led to it, including the stamp act, Boston Tae Party, and the skirmishes at Lexington and Concord. The Stamp Act, act introduced by British prime minister George Grenville and passed by the British Parliament in 1765 as a means of raising…...
Boston Tea Party
The Events That Instigated the Change in American History
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Over time, the 13 colonies became completely under British rule. At times, colonists could not do anything to decrease or remove the power over them. The British Parliament had begun to impose stricter laws on the colonies after the French and Indian War. Those laws led to frustration and eventually a resolution. One of the laws, also known as acts, the Parliament passed was the Stamp Act. This act, passed in 1765, taxed legal documents, newspapers, and other printed documents. Colonists…...
Boston Tea Party
Camellia Sinensis: Tea Plant
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The tea plant’s botanical name is Camellia sinensis and comes from the Theaceae family. It is native to many of the South Eastern Asian countries including Tibet, China, India, and Myanmar. Harvest tea, the plants are kept shrubby -- about 1-5 feet -- with a flat top. The terminal bud, the primary growing point located at the tip of the stem, and the top two leaves are harvested by hand every seven to fourteen days. The plant variety, size, age,…...
Boston Tea Party
The Development of America as a Super Power
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American History is characterized by a long trail of interesting events and occurrences of all spectrum. Before the arrival of the European colonists from England in early 1600, indigenous people lived in the United States (Trinkle & Merriman, 2007). The Spanish constructed small settlements in Florida and the Southwest while the French built along the Mississippi River and the Gulf Coast. In the 1760s when the French and Indian Wars ended, the British government levied taxes which were harshly criticized…...
Boston Tea Party
Social Change After the Great Depression
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In the 1940s' young Mexican-Americans began to express themselves by wearing Zoot Suits. During the Civil Rights movement, many advocates participated and started protests in order to dismantle racial inequality. During the early 1960's Berkeley students fought to keep their free speech as well as voicing their disagreement of the Vietnam War. The Civil Rights activists and the Berkeley students both participated in non-violent protests. These social protests were able to make a difference because of how violent the opposers…...
ActivismHuman RightsSocial Change
Pros and Cons of Nonviolent Activism
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People say violence is no joke and many people can agree when you hear or say that because they see things on television, the internet, or the newspaper, but would you believe me if I would say words hurt more than action John F Kennedy once said “Those who make Peaceful revolution impossible make violent revolution inevitable” I strongly agree with John because no matter where you are there's always something going in this cruel world so in my opinion…...
McCarthyism in “The Crucible”
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Introduction Arthur Miller’s, The Crucible, is an allegory of the Red Scare that impacted society mentally, physically, and spiritually. “The Crucible “by Arthur miller uses the witch trials of Salem Massachusetts as a figure of speech for the red scare. The witch trials of the puritan town of Salem happened during the year of 1692. There were numerous people accused, and some put to death by hanging for being accused of being a witch, or practicing witchcraft. The trials began…...
MccarthyismThe Crucible
Time Of Apartheid History
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The Apartheid is an indelible part of South Africa's history. This is a time that would go down in history as the worst in the history of South Africa. Nelson Mandela is known as one of the greatest South African leaders who fought to end Apartheid in the nation. Clint Eastwood's film Invictus revolves around Nelson Mandela's efforts to bring together a nation that had been emotional, psychologically, and physically divided for 50 years by the Apartheid. Upon his election…...
Henry David Thoreau’s Civil Disobedience
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Background Henry David Thoreau was born on july 12th 1817 and died in 1862 to give an idea of the time. He was a poet and philosopher who had graduated from Harvard college.He believed that the law of nature and god was more important than the law of man. He had a rebellious personality and he stood up for what he believed in Civil disobedience by Thoreau is about You can kind of tell what Civil disobedience is about just…...
Civil Disobedience
Critique of Calvin’s Political Philosophy: A Justification of Civil Disobedience
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John Calvin is one of the most famous reformation theologians of the 1500’s. [footnoteRef:0] One of his most decorated works is the Institutes of the Christian Religion: A book rich of Christian theology and the manual for reformed protestants. A topic not widely associated with Calvin is politics, yet he offers a unique perspective on government and the nuts and bolts that hold it together in his chapter, On Civil Government. In this paper I will be discussing Calvin’s disdain…...
Civil DisobedienceSocial Movements
Black Lives Matter Movement
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These disproportionate statistics is the reason why the “Black Lives Matter” movement was born. The Black Lives Matter movement started in August 2014, when protests erupted in Ferguson, Missouri after a white police officer shot and killed an unarmed black teenager. However, the name was coined one year earlier by a Bay Area activist by the name of Alicia Garza who took to Facebook. “I continue to be surprised at how little Black lives matter,” she wrote. This was shortly…...
Black Lives MatterProtest
Art is Used As a Form of Protest And Resistance
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Art is used as a form of protest and resistance, it is a way for individuals and groups to convey experiences, feeling, demands and more. The artwork an individual may create is shaped by what they have experienced. Even in situation where a black woman and white woman share an experience their history still changes the outcome. There are also issues of artists making art based on experiences that they have not experience and do not completely understand the nuances…...
Black Lives MatterProtest
Ideology of Civil Disobedience
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Definition of Civil Disobedience Civil disobedience is the active, professed refusal of a citizen to obey certain laws, demands, orders or commands of a government. By some definitions,civil disobedience has to be nonviolent to be called "civil". Hence, civil disobedience is sometimes equated with peaceful protests or nonviolent resistance. John Locke (1632–1704) There is no such thing as illegitimate political rule, according to Locke. However, he claims that the right to resist is an individual right, and is a duty to rebel…...
Civil DisobedienceCivil Rights
Cesar Chavez Essay
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This sample paper on Cesar Chavez Essay offers a framework of relevant facts based on the recent research in the field. Read the introductory part, body and conclusion of the paper below.One of the greatest civil rights activists of our time; one who believed the ways of Gandhi and Martin Luther King that “violence can only hurt us and our cause” (Cesar Chavez); a quiet, devoted, small catholic man who had nothing just like those he help fight for; “one…...
ActivismCesar ChavezLaborPoliticsSocial Movements
Eiselen: Basic Info and Arguments
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This essay sample on Eiselen provides all necessary basic info on this matter, including the most common "for and against" arguments. Below are the introduction, body and conclusion parts of this essay.Afrikaner nationalism gained momentum after the war and the National party saw its popularity increase16. On May 26, 1948, a crucial year in South African history, Nazi sympathizer Daniel Malan and Nationalist Party won a surprise victory17. Malan’s government, more explicitly white supremacist than its predecessors, focused more on…...
ApartheidNationalismNelson MandelaPoliticsSouth Africa
Not My Business Poem vs Nothing’s Changed
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The following sample essay on Not My Business Poem discusses it in detail, offering basic facts and pros and cons associated with it. To read the essay's introduction, body and conclusion, scroll down. The most predominant theme in the two poems is that of sheer desperation. The notion of hope and hopelessness is effectively conveyed, representing the poet’s anger at the absence of democracy and equanimity in society. They struggle to restrain this frustration towards the outrageous political and social…...
Turning points in the life of Nelson Holilal Mandela
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In my opinion there were 6 major turning points in Nelson Mandel’s life. I am going to explain what they are, why I chose them and the impact in which it had on his life. I am going to do this in the order of significance, starting form the least important and working my way up to the most important. On 10th may 1994, in the first multi-racial elections, Nelson Mandela became the first black president of South Africa in…...
Sample Essay on Two Scavengers in a Truck
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  Both ‘Two Scavengers’ and ‘Nothing’s Changed’ are protesting against issues of discrimination between different classes of society and different races. In ‘Two Scavengers’ Ferlinghetti is protesting against the inequalities within a democracy, and how it’s not democratic but more ruled by class. In ‘Nothing’s Changed’ we are shown Africa when the apartheid law was still in place and a protest about the way black people are treated there. The imagery used by both poets highlights there protests against the…...
Sample Essay on Zinn Chapter 2
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  Today the United States must still be the alpha dog, greater than all other countries but it isn’t about who has the larger club its about who has he bigger weapon. If you asked people on the streets if they thought violence was appropriate for achieving things most would say no unless it was absolutely necessary. This is idea has been instilled in us for many years. We are taught not to use violence unless its needed but what…...
Civil DisobedienceFreedom Of SpeechJusticeNonviolencePolitics
Turning Points Essay
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There were many turning points during Mandela’s life, some more important than others. I have selected four of these that I think are the most important. The first step in his political career was joining the African National Congress in 1943. The ANC inspired Mandela to start his mission to improve the rights of black Africans, shaping the rest of his life, and also the lives of black Africans to this day. Joining the ANC was a very important step…...
ApartheidPoliticsSouth Africa
Romeo & Juliet Tragic Teenage Love Story
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Shakespeares “Romeo and Juliet ” is a romantic tragedy. It is about two teenagers who fall illegally in love. They are the son and daughter of capulet and montague. The capulets and montagues are enemys from an ancient feud. Romeo and juliet get married in secret but cant be together. There are problems ahead so they commit suicide to be together. Romeo and Juliet is set in Fair Verona. The general themes of the play are conflict, violence, romance and…...
ProtestRomeo And JulietSocial Movements
Political And Social Consequences Of The Protestant Reformation
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Martin Luther, a monk from Wittenberg, Germany criticized many of the attributes of the Catholic Church and compiled a list of reasons why he believed Catholicism was entirely flawed. This document was called the 95 Theses and lead to a movement called the Protestant Reformation which ended the unity imposed by medieval Christianity and signaled the beginning of a modern era. Luther’s propositions challenged some portions of Roman Catholic doctrine and a number of specific practices. He argued that the…...
Catholic ChurchChristianityCultureProtestReformationSocial Movements
Protest and Political Awareness in Regions of Russian Federation
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Introduction The 21 century marked the outburst of numerous civil protests or social movements different in nature by which society expresses its attitude towards socio-political factors. Since the collapse of Soviet Union Russian Federation experienced a number of major protests which had its effect not only on policy making, formation of new social movements but also on conscious of people who demand their voices to be heard. This, in turn, led to political awareness in regions of Russian Federation. Revolutions…...
Civil DisobedienceGovernmentLawPolicyPoliticsProtest
Country Lovers by Nadine Gordimer Analysis
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The central message of Country Lovers is to criticize apartheid by describing a love story between two normal teenagers. This message is brought out in the following three ways. Firstly, Gordimer depicts the lifestyles of black and white in an objective way. Readers can see the differences between the lives of black and white. Hence, reader would understand the unfairness of apartheid. They can know how harsh and sad the lifestyles of black. When the black are small, they have…...
Mary Warren Essay
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At the beginning of act three we hear voices from the court, of Martha Corey being accused of witchcraft, showing the extent that the accusation has risen to. Proctor brings Mary Warren to the court to tell the truth, that the girls and Abigail were making up everything about the women being witches, so as Proctor can prove his wife’s innocence and gain her freedom from jail. During the proceedings, Proctor is forced to sacrifice his name and admit to…...
CultureMccarthyismSalem Witch TrialsWarWitchcraft
What I Most Admire About This Person
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Paper Type:Personal essays
A person I admire Nelson Mandela Before the abrogation of Apartheid, South Africa was a country characterized by conflict, unspeakable suffering and inconceivable injustice. Minority ruled over majority, and society was deeply divided. Discriminatory treatment is not at all an absent unfairness in the rest of the world – quite the reverse. South Africa was simply the first country to name it – “Apartheid” literally meaning ‘separate-ness’, and administrate it as a system. People of any other colour than white,…...
ApartheidJusticeNelson MandelaPoliticsSouth Africa
South African culture through the prism of the film “Tsotsi”
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In this essay I will be exploring the South African cultural point of view and discuss realist, expressionist of the narrative called TSOTSI. The film was released on the 23rd December in the year 2005 directed by Gavin Hood and produced by Athol Fugard. The narrative is a story of redemption and reconciliation, facing the past, and confronts the core elements of human nature. The character going through this journey, who the movie is named after, is a young man…...
AfricaApartheidCrimeEmpathySouth AfricaTsotsi
ELEN4019A Course at Wits University
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8572518097500School of Electrical & Information Engineering,University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South AfricaELEN4019A – Engineers in SocietySymbolic Violencecenter11430000Accepting the Status QuoELEN4019A – Engineers in SocietyMarissa van Wyngaardt (719804)Lecturer: Jessica BreakeyDate: 19 March 2019Since the end of apartheid, several policies have been put into place in an attempt to address the inequalities that were brought about. Land reform policy and Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) have contributed to closing the poverty gap []. There are, however, less apparent effects of apartheid which have…...
ApartheidCultural CapitalPoliticsSocial InequalitySocial IssuesViolence
‘New genre public art’ is a type of social practise coined as
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‘New genre public art’ is a type of social practise coined as such in the 1990s which may also be referred to as ‘dialogical art’. Described by Suzanne Lacy as “Socially engaged, interactive art for a diverse audience”1 , the practise focuses not so much on the art object but processes of collaboration, dialogue and participation employed within groups of people or an individual who, in some cases, takes on varying levels of responsibility for the work, however, may assume…...
Education in South Africa
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South Africa has 12. 3 million learners, 386,000 teachers and around 48,000 schools – including 390 special needs schools and 1,000 registered private schools. Of all the schools, are high schools (Grade 8 to 12) and the rest are primary schools (Grade 1 to 7). School life spans 13 years - or grades - although the first year of education, grade 0 or "reception year", and the last three years, grade 10, 11 and grade 12 or "matric" are not…...
AfricaApartheidCountryCurriculumSouth AfricaUniversity
Transcendentalism in Civil Disobedience
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Dannheisig 1 Jan-Hendrik Dannheisig Susanne Hamscha, M. A. Re(dis)covering America: Emerson, Thoreau, and American Democracy 10 April 2012 Transcendentalism in "Civil Disobedience" Thoreau's Politics of Individuality and Nature Dannheisig 2 Contents Introduction 1. Transcendentalism a. Nature b. Introspective Conscience and Politics 2. Political Individualism a. Ethical and Political (In)justice b. Critique of Democracy Conclusion Bibliography 2 3 4 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Dannheisig 3 Introduction Henry David Thoreau was part of a movement called American Transcendentalism. To…...
Civil DisobediencePhilosophyScienceSocial IssuesSocial MovementsTranscendentalism
“Black Like Me” Protestant Work Ethic
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The following example essay on "Black Like Me Protestant Work Ethic" is a huge example of how hard work leads to success. After Griffin published this book there was a lot of backlash, but I do believe a lot of good has come from it. Not everything in life is a guarantee. If there is something you want in life I do believe that anything can be achieved with hard work and dedication. Therefore I do agree with the Protestant…...
LifeProtestSocial IssuesSocial MovementsWorkWork Ethic
A Response to ‘Message to the Grassroots’ by Malcolm X
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This is a public speech by the militant black leader Malcolm X, calling upon men of his race to unite in their efforts to fight white oppression. The speech is reminiscent of the more famous counterpart delivered by Martin Luther King Jr. But the methods advocated by the two speakers are contrasting. While the philosophy of King was one of non-violent activist organization, Malcolm X forwards a more militant approach to racial equality. Malcolm X’s agenda is also much broader…...
CultureMalcolm XNonviolencePacifismPoliticsSocial Movements
American Literature: Witch trials (The Crucible)
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Who is the author of the Crucible? Arthur Miller What are the main topics or ideas in the Crucible? Puritanism + Witchcraft + McCarthyism + Arthur Miller What is Puritanism -originated in England during early 1600s -believes in Predestination -split from Church of England in 1633 -> emigrated to America What did people in Salem believe? -believed in witches and witchcraft (just like Puritans) What was Salem's idea on Witchcraft? -"entering into a compact with the devil in exchange for…...
Abigail WilliamsFlashcardsMass HysteriaMccarthyismSalem Witch TrialsWitchcraft
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What I Most Admire About This Person
...He became the role model for a whole country, and managed to unite a culturally dissimilar nation in their common love for him as their leader. He is said to be the personification of ‘Ubuntu’ – the concept of humaneness towards others through ...
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