Essays on Philosophers

The Contributions of Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill to the Principle of Philosophy of the 18th and 19th Century
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Immanuel Kant, who was a German, was born in 1724 and died in 1804. He is considered to be a modern figure of philosophy as his viewpoint talked about the fundamental concepts of the human mind along with other important philosophical conceptions that are still recognized to this day, like epistemology and ethics, this is referred to as Kantianism‘i On the other hand, Utilitarianism was a concept primarily associated with Jeremy Benthamz, who was an English philosopher, a jurist and…...
John Stuart Mill
Mill of Rights: Government Interference
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Political economist John Stuart Mill explains two unique, yet similar types of government interference on the economy and society, and describes some justifications of government interference in his influential work, Principles ofPoIiricaI Economy. A backer of utilitarianism, Mill concludes his Principles piece with a paired depiction of government interferences on the economy. First, be critically describes “the authoritative interference of government” as actions that enforce and regulate society, of which “may extend to controlling the free agency of individuals” (Medema…...
John Stuart Mill
The Economic Theory of Value in the Works of David Ricardo, John Stuart Mill, William Stanley Jevons, and Alfred Marshall
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Early economic writers—such as David Ricardo, John Stuart Mill, William Stanley Jevons, and Alfred Marshallitheorized value differently in their own approaches, yet influenced each others work, In his renowned work, On the Principles ofPoiiticaI Economy & Taxation, Ricardo’s theory of value claims that the exchange value of a good is derived from the amount of labor required in its production, including raw materials and equipment, in addition to labor (Medema and Samuels 269) Ricardo cautions that this should also be…...
John Stuart Mill
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Comparison between Epicurus’ assessment of Peter’s statement and John Stuart Mill
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In the following paper I will compare and contrast how Epicurus and John Stuart Mill would evaluate Peter’s claim. Peter says that pleasure and only pleasure is what makes life worth living, therefore, he is going to eat, drink, and have sex all day, everyday. Although Mill and Epicurus might agree that pleasure and only pleasure is what makes life worth living, I don’t think they would completely agree with his new lifestyle Epicurus is a hedonist, which means that…...
John Stuart Mill
The Addition of John Stuart Mill on Bentham’s Views on Utilitarianism
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Utilitarianism is “the View that the right action is that, among the open choices, results in the greatest good (usually defined as pleasure/happiness) for the greatest number of persons,” (class glossary). One such theorist is John Stuart Mill. Heavily influenced by Bentham, the father of utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill adopted the view of utilitarianism and strengthened it by altering the way in which happiness is defined. In this essay, I will explain how Mill adds on to Bentham’s version of…...
John Stuart Mill
A Critical Assessment of John Stuart Mill’s Principle of Liberty
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Critically assess Mill’s principle of liberty John Stuart Mill was an English political economist and civil servant born in the nineteenth century. His ideas of liberalism, developed and deviated from his famous father, James Mill‘s, far surpassed any that had been popular at the time, Mill was an advocate of complete freedom from societal restraints and universal franchise, a concept alien in Victorian era England where only one in seven men had the right to vote. He was a member…...
Critical TheoryJohn Stuart MillPhilosophers
Happiness And Lifestyle In The Article Nicomachean Ethics By Aristotle
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In the article Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle talks a lot about how one should live their life. He speaks about happiness, what it is and how it should and should not look in everyday life. He speaks a lot about how we should treat each other along with how we should treat ourselves in order to live a very happy and healthy life overall. He also talked about reasoning and the differences between practical and theoretical reasoning which is important because…...
AristotleHuman NatureNicomachean Ethics
For What Reason Should People Do Good Things?
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Plato’s Symposium details a conversation of many Greek intelligentsia which is comprised of multiple distinctive conjectures on the nature of love. Of all the speculations, it seems to me that Socrates’ was closest to transcending its theoretical nature. The concept of the desire to produce the eternal good is expressed as a central tenet in Plato’s account of Socrates’ expounded conviction.Before Socrates makes his ultimate case on the nature of love, he wants to make sure that he delineates the…...
AristotleNicomachean EthicsPhilosophersPlato
Samuel Langhorne Clemons (Mark Twain) And The Adventures Of Huckleberry
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Samuel Langhorne Clemons began working at a young age to support his family after his father’s passing. In 1851, he started out working for his brother as a printer. He became a riverboat piolet, Horace Bixby. He began working for the newspaper shortly after and this is when he received his pen name, Mark Twain. In 1870, he married Olivia Langdon, the daughter of a wealthy coal dealer from Buffalo, New York. Soon after, he wrote his most famous book…...
AristotleHuman NatureNicomachean Ethics
What Makes A Good And Happy Human Life In The Nicomachean Ethics By Philosopher Aristotle
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In the Nicomachean Ethics, philosopher Aristotle lays out his argument for what makes a good and happy human life. Aristotle believes the final end for a human is “eudaimonia”, a state of flourishing and living well. Aristotle says we will understand eudaimonia if we first understand the function of a human. He writes that a thing will be ‘good’ insofar as it performs its function well. For example, a knife will be ‘good’ if it is able to perform its…...
AristotleHuman NatureNicomachean EthicsPhilosophers
Invisible Hand
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Father of modern economics and capitalism, Adam Smith was an influential 18th century philosopher who paved the road towards capitalism in his book An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, published in 1776. Prior to An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, it was believed that a country’s wealth was determined by how much gold and silver was placed in the king’s treasury. This system is referred to as mercantilism.…...
Adam SmithPhilosophers
Machiavelli Is a Unique Italian Philosopher of the Renaissance
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Niccolo Machiavelli was an Italian political philosopher in the 1450’s during the Renaissance and had a key influence on many people in his political beliefs. Machiavelli was unique in the way he believed the best way of government was a dictatorship who had all the power in a society. Machiavelli supported a Republican government in his latest book called the Discourses but in the book, Prince wanted it to be self-governed and the person in charge such as a prince…...
Niccolo Machiavelli Father of Political Science
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Niccolo Machiavelli is a significant figure in modern history, who influenced the world of political thought, and some people even consider him the “Father of Political Science”. His work changed the previous perspective of politics, for he created a more modern and controversial perspective. Machiavelli innovative form of thought soon became a continual point of reference for political thinkers and authors, despite whether they agreed with his beliefs or not. Machiavelli’s significance to the modern political science world was brought…...
MachiavelliPoliticsThe Prince
Review of the Prince by Nicolo Machiavelli
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The Prince, a 16th century political dissertation was written by Nicolo Machiavelli, an Italian diplomat, in hope that with the publication of this work, he would land a position in the Florentine government. Machiavelli is trying to advise Lorenzo de Medici on how to properly build up his principality and ultimately unite Italy under his rule. (SparkNotes Editors, context) Machiavelli differs from other theorists of his time; most of their works stressed the correct course of action that a ruler…...
MachiavelliPoliticsThe Prince
An Essay to Niccolo Machiavelli`s Political Ideas in “The Prince”
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In this essay I`m going to discuss the ideas of Niccolo Machiavelli in his work “The Prince”, a book which is dedicated to Lorenzo Di Piero De Medici the governor of Florence at his time and I will try to connect the ideas from it to modernity. Machiavelli wrote the “The Prince” which is an advice on how to gain and retain power of those who is in power. The reason why he wrote “The Prince” is in hopes to…...
EthicsMachiavelliThe Prince
Niccolò Machiavelli and His Concept of Modernity
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Niccolò Machiavelli was a diplomat from Florence, and a political philosopher. He is also known as the founding father of modern political theory. The date of birth of Niccolò Machiavelli was in the Republic of Florence on 3 May 1469, he was the third child of Bernardo and Bartolomea. Around the same time Lorenzo the Magnificent became pioneer of Florence. Apparently a republic, Florence had been successfully administered by the Medici family since 1434. Machiavelli was raised to multiple classical…...
Locke and Machiavelli: Two Polar Opposites of Government
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Throughout the years, there have been many forms over government or political ideals that have helped shape nations. While some have failed and fallen, others have prevailed and are still used and sought after to this day. Over the course of history, many political advocates have come forward and written about what they believe to be the perfect ideals to weave into a government or political system. Among these advocates are John Locke, author of Second Treatise of Civil Government,…...
John LockeLawMachiavelli
Justice Is a Way to Assess Our Government and Society
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Justice is the focus of a well-managed society, according to philosopher John Rawls. Rawls is responsible for the Original position or the difference principle. To understand the difference principle, you must first understand the “Veil of Ignorance”. Rawls states that the principles of justice are chosen behind a veil of ignorance. The questions that he asks are; how would a person want to organize society if the person were placed in what Rawls called the original position. (May, and Delston…...
PhilosophersPhilosophyRobin Hood
The Creation Myth in Plato’s Timaeus
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The relationship between Man and nature as seen through Plato's creation myth Timaeus can be summed up relatively succinctly: all is one, and therefore, Man is nature and nature is Man. Plato’s scholarship analyzes a variety of elements and principles, but ultimately concludes that the creator “led it from chaos to order, which he regarded as in all ways better”.[footnoteRef:1] For Plato, all is born from chaos into order, all is made of the same elements, and all becomes chaos…...
Creation MythPhilosophyPlato
Philosophy of personal responsbility
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Aristotle considers virtue to fall in between scarcity and overabundance. He believed that we should focus more so on how we act than the results or intentions of our actions. To understand ethics, according to Aristotle, it was necessary to observe the behavior of other people. Aristotle's Philosophy of Life Aristotle was very practical in his approach and many of his beliefs were based on the actual actions of people. Aristotle assumes that humans innately think and behave in ways to achieve…...
AristotleImmanuel KantPhilosophyResponsibilityUtilitarianism
An Analysis of Confucius’ Teachings
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Due to the nature in which Confucius' work is discovered it can sometimes be hard to interpret what he means, given lack of context. However, comparing similar concepts throughout his teachings gives the best understanding of what Confucius means. The following is a passage in the Analytics "Zigong said: "I do not want others to impose on me, nor do I want to impose on others." Confucius replied, "Zigong, this is quite beyond your reach" (Confucius 5:12). Without the context…...
The Success of Asians in Confucius Lives Next Door by T.R. Reid
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T.R Reid's Confucius Lives Next Door was a remarkable insight into what it is like for an American to be plucked out of their “normative” culture and placed in one that is very differentiated. At the time of their culture shock, Reid and his family were “smack in the middle of a fundamental shift in world history – a basic realignment of global stature and political power” (Reid 5). I never realized that Japan and China only became global powerhouses…...
The Disciples’ Observations on Confucius’ Teachings
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An initial observation of The Analects may be one that notes the informal tone of the text. This informality stems from the conversational style in which Master Confucius' disciples recorded his teachings. The disciples' observations of their Master allow the reader to be able to obtain a more thorough image of Confucius of not only his methodology, but also of his persona. Amid all the underlying philosophy towards topics such as humaneness (ren), The Analects reveals an important characteristic of…...
A Reflection on Three Quotes Attributed to Confucius
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Confucius was a wise man that gave many bits of advice over his lifetime. One of his famous sayings is, "He (a gentleman) preaches only what he practices." In other words, only advise people to do things that you would typically do. I could not agree with this statement enough. There is no reason why you should be advising someone to do something when you yourself would never follow your own advice. For instance, if you yourself have a fear…...
A Comparison between the Philosophies of Aristotle and Confucius on the Prioritization of the Family, Government, Education, and Goodness of Character
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Chinese Philosophies Throughout the history of mankind, people have searched for answers to the basic philosophical questions of existence, purpose, and society. Greek and Chinese philosophers wrestled with the simple and complex questions of human relationships in order to create a more perfect social order. Although there were clearly distinguishable differences between Chinese and Greek cultures, their philosophical ideas balanced between similarities and differences. Aristotle's views were not so different from Confucius' ideals, and the differences they had were not…...
“What is Enlightenment” by Immanuel Kant
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Although “What is Enlightenment” by Immanuel Kant and “Life of a Sensuous Woman” by Ihara Saikaku show simple differences, they relate to one another more than one may see. “What is Enlightenment” by Immanuel Kant was based around self-incurred tutelage. Enlightenment was the process by which the public could rid themselves of intellectual bondage after centuries of slumbering. Kant proposed the needs for enlightenment. Ultimately, Kant wanted the public to think without question, “treated in accordance with their dignity” ,…...
EnlightenmentImmanuel KantLazinessSociety
Allegory of the Cave Applied to Social Media
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The internet was born in 1990 and has now, 28 years later, become a crucial aspect of our everyday lives. Plato is an ancient Greek philosopher whose writings explored justice, beauty, and equality. The book Allegory of the Cave stands out to people the most because it is relatable and can be applied in the world we live in today. It is a book about a couple of prisoners who have been locked up with chains their whole lives and…...
Allegory Of The CavePlatoSocial Media
The Analects of Confucius
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The Analects of Confucius were one of the first pieces we read in class and one that has stuck with me. We discussed in class the deeper meaning of each of the different statements and as to how they are “rules” in life. In this paper, I want to discuss Book 1 and how it was comprised of the themes of Confucius’ teaching. Confucius was an active leader and in The Analects of Confucius, he describes attributes of leaders along…...
Immanuel Kant
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Immanuel Kant was a philosopher during the Enlightenment Age. He wrote the Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, which Kant argues that autonomy, or the ability to self-govern oneself, is the basis for morality and justice. Introduction Kant also believes that intentions are the basis for judging and determining value. He argues the intention for an action would determine whether the act is good or evil. “Nothing in the world—or out of it! —can possibly be conceived that could be…...
Immanuel Kant
Reasoning From the Natural State in Life
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Locke begins his argument with the state of nature, a hypothetical situation of how life was like before society. In this hypothetical state, individuals are born free and equal and have moral rights under the Fundamental Law of Nature. In this state of nature, Locke introduces his premise that since God gave the earth and its fruits to men in common, everything belongs to everyone. In this hypothetical state, people have the natural resources that they need to be happy,…...
John LockeLifeOwnershipRights
NYT article Why Machiavelli Still Matters
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In the NYT article, “Why Machiavelli Still Matters,” Scott and Zaretsky discuss the current relevancy and application of Niccolo Machiavelli’s teachings to current political figures and emphasizes the sheer importance of his lessons (2013). These teachings can be applied to one of the current democratic candidates, Micheal Bloomberg, particularly pertaining to his vast wealth and his strategic philanthropic spending. The year before Bloomberg announced his campaign his philanthropic spending increased astronomically, securing the allegiance of potentially powerful and influential individuals…...
Niccolo Machiavelli’s Moral Theory
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 What makes modern political thought “modern”? That’s a question that can be answered in a multitude of different ways. According to what we learned in class, there was a big emphasis on the changing of attitudes towards morality and politics, as Machiavelli showed us. It included many different revolutions such as The Reformation, The Renaissance, The Enlightenment, and most of all, the ride of republicanism. Modern Political Theory basically looks at the contemporary condition of political hypothesis, making an appraisal…...
Kant and The Enlightenment
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As the age of Enlightenment arose in the 18th century, many had different views on what Enlightenment was. For the most part, Enlightenment stresses the idea of rationalism. For Immanuel Kant, this meant thinking for yourself, expressing your ideas instead of others. As for Voltaire, he emphasized that the idea of Dogmatism towards religion should not be instituted; instead, Voltaire insisted that people be tolerant towards other religions. According to Kant, “Enlightenment is man’s emergence from his self-imposed immaturity”(Kant 1).…...
Immanuel Kant
FootLocker Inventory System
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lefttopFoot LockerInventory ManagementMGMT 5003November 13, 2019AADILKHAN PATHAN4303318TABLE OF CONTENTINTRODUCTIONINVENTORY CONTROL SYSTEMINVENTORY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMPURCHASINGSHIPPINGRECEIVINGTRACKINGWAREHOUSING AND STORAGETURNOVERREORDERINGCOMPARISSION WITH COMPETITORSADVANTAGE AND DISADVANTAGE OF FOOTLOCKERS CANADIAN INVENTORY SYSTEMINTRODUCTIONFoot Locker, Inc. is the major global retailer of shoes and apparel inspired athletically. It was founded by F.W. Woolworth and Santiago Lopez in 1988. Foot lockers headquarter is situated in New York City, USA. Foot locker has 3175 retail stores around the world in 27 countries. It is present in North America, Asia, Europe, Australia, and…...
EconomyInventoryJohn LockeManagementPhilosophersPhilosophy
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The following sample essay on Socrates deals with Socrates and his defense. Does Socrates Allow his Enemies to win by Staying and Accepting his Sentence? Support Your Answer With Quotations From The Crito, Apology and Euthyphro Dialogues. Socrates allows his enemies to win by staying and accepting his sentence. From the onset of the case, Socrates fails to put a strong defense on his innocence. Rather, he appears unconcerned about the case brought against him. He is rude, arrogant, and…...
Death PenaltyEthicsEuthyphroPhilosophical TheoriesSocratesVirtue
Red River Rebellion
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The folllowing sample essay on Red River Rebellion discusses it in detail, offering basic facts and pros and cons associated with it. To read the essay's introduction, body and conclusion, scroll down.This paper will look at the views of five different authors and their views on the Red River Rebellion. The sources that surround the Red River Rebellion come from people of many different scholarly backgrounds, walks of life and opinions. To really understand an event that happened so long…...
BiasBritish EmpireJohn LockePhilosophersPhilosophyPolitical Science
Tragic Villain Definition
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The essay sample on Tragic Villain Definition dwells on its problems, providing shortened but comprehensive overview of basic facts and arguments related to it. To read the essay, scroll down.Shakespeare’s Iago is the antagonist of Othello but what makes him tragic is an enigma as he is reticent and seems motiveless. However, Shakespeare prints three possible motives into the play that present him as tragic. Iago is a Machiavellian villain as was Macbeth in Macbeth, written two years after Othello,…...
Should Politicians Private Lives Be Public?
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The development of the media and high velocity information exchange brings private lives of public functionaries to public treatment. Transgress moral “ boundaries ” may damage public functionaries ‘ calling, particularly elected 1s, badly. The turning attending to private lives among the population makes the subject more of import for the societal scientific disciplines. On one manus politicians use certain facets of their “ ideal ” private lives in their election runs in order to derive popularity, on the other…...
Ancient GreeceBill ClintonGreeceLaw EnforcementPublic PolicySocrates
Social Contract Theory Def
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The sample essay on Social Contract Theory Def deals with a framework of research-based facts, approaches and arguments concerning this theme. To see the essay's introduction, body paragraphs and conclusion, read on. Lecturer: Social Contract Theory Def Social contract theory Introduction The social contract theory (SCT) is one of the ethical theories that explain the appropriate relationship between people and their government. This theory asserts that people should unite in a political society through processes of mutual consent, in accord…...
AuthorityJohn LockeJusticeLawLibertyNatural Law
The Niccolo Machiavelli Parents
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The following sample essay on The Niccolo Machiavelli Parents deals with a framework of research-based facts, approaches and arguments concerning this theme. To see the essay's introduction, body paragraphs and conclusion, read on. The Prince or The Analects By Rory Steuart Comparing the The Analects (confucious) with the Prince (Machiavelli) is something like comparing George bush and Elizabeth May of the green party. Basically the wrtitings of The Analects totally disagrees with the writings of The Prince. Confucius believes people…...
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FAQ about Philosophers

For What Reason Should People Do Good Things?
...Plato’s Symposium details a conversation of many Greek intelligentsia which is comprised of multiple distinctive conjectures on the nature of love. Of all the speculations, it seems to me that Socrates’ was closest to transcending its theoretical...
What Makes A Good And Happy Human Life In The Nicomachean Ethics By Philosopher Aristotle
...In the Nicomachean Ethics, philosopher Aristotle lays out his argument for what makes a good and happy human life. Aristotle believes the final end for a human is “eudaimonia”, a state of flourishing and living well. Aristotle says we will unders...
NYT article Why Machiavelli Still Matters
...In another one of his works, Discourses on Livy, Machiavelli discusses the dangers of philanthropic acts, and writes that “works that appear merciful, which cannot reasonably be condemned, become cruel and are very d...
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