The distribution of income

The distribution of income is defined as the distribution of wages earned across a company, industry or country. I will be focusing on the distribution of wages earned across a country. There are both advantages and disadvantages of the equal distribution of income. If it was equalised and everyone earned the same amount, people would Read More

Describe what we mean in economics by the word incentive

Incentives tend to encourage people to perform an action or greater effort, as a reward offered for increased productivity and economic efficiency. Incentives help individuals to make the right decisions and to achieve this in the world of economics you must offer the consumer and the producer certain incentives as without them they would have Read More


1. How is elasticity a useful concept for firms and government? Elasticity, which according to A.Neale and C.Haslam “Economics in a business context” is a term “used in economics to describe the relationship between a proportionate change in one variable and a proportionate change in a related variable”. Plain-speaking it is the measure of how Read More

The basic economic problem

The basic economic problem is there are scarce resources to produce wants and needs of the people. So firms confront the three basic economic questions of what to produce, how to produce and for whom to produce. As we cannot produce everything, we need to decide what to produce and in what quantities. It determines Read More

Fiscal Policy

First, Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) can consider a cut in interest rates. With cheaper borrowing, households will be induced to borrow even more to spend. Rise in consumption (C) will shift AD rightward thereby promoting higher economic growth. To produce more goods and services, more manpower will be required. This leads to lower unemployment. At Read More