The Shinto creation myth may have united what?
the beliefs of several tribes
Shinto and Confucianism particularly had what feature in common?
veneration of ancestors
The emperor of Japan came to be considered a father figure for the whole country. This shows influence of?
A biblical letter to an early Christian or Christian community is called
Shinto has helped the Japanese maintain a sense of what?
Jesus summarized Jewish traditions and laws as
commandments to love everyone
The major Christian rituals, such as baptism and Eucharist, are often called what?
Izanami and Izanagi created Japan when they stirred the ocean with what?
a jeweled spear
Christianity added its books to those of the Hebrew Bible; the distinctively Christian books are called the
Following the fall of Rome, Benedictine monks are associated with
the spread of Christianity
Gothic Cathedrals were built primarily during the Medieval Period.
Gothic architecture can be traced back to
The Torah is
the first five books of the Bible (Pentateuch)
Which division of modern Judaism stresses careful keeping of dietary laws and separate social roles for men and women?
Jewish view of God is best expressed as
God is creator and judge
Observant Muslims do not allow what?
When the Jewish boy turns thirteen, he is considered an adult in the religious community.
This ceremony takes its name from his new status. What is the name of this ceremony?
According to the book of Exodus, what disaster was the last to strike the Egyptians?
death of firstborn male children
Easter, as a celebration of the resurrection, is associated with what color?
Which Jewish festival recalls the liberation of the Hebrews from oppression in Egypt?
Perhaps the most important ritual of Christianity is
a sign of entry in to the church, or baptism
Who was the North African bishop who wrote “Confessions” and “The City of God”?
In 1054, what happened between the Eastern and Western Church?
their leaders excommunicated one another
When he returned from visiting his deceased wife, Izanagi had to cleanse himself in what?
The Japanese people seem to be a blend of what?
Which book is part of the Torah, or Pentateuch?
Muhammad was born and raised in
Islam literally means
The Protestant Reformation was started by who?
Accord to some traditionalist Jews, the command not to work on the Sabbath includes the use of what?
When early Christian belief spread outside Israel, it was spread particularly by what missionary?
Shinto and Buddhism began to blend soon after the introduction of what?
Omoto, in order to encourage international understanding, gives a special place to do what?
study and the use of Esperanto
The founder of Tenrikyo was Nakayama Miki.
Omoto is a new religion that emphasized what?
the value of art
Tenrikyo, which grew out of Shinto, has its headquarters near where?
The Shiite branch developed because of a disagreement over
the line of succession from Muhammad
Which country had a large Muslim population for almost 800 years?
The emperor renounced his title to divinity when what happened?
World War II ended
The ideal of the warrior, promoted by Shinto during WWII is called what?
The Reform movement questioned what?
The month-long fast that observant Muslims keep involves no eating or drinking of anything during
the daylight hours
Regarding the afterlife, Muslims believe in
heaven and hell
The branch of Islam that is found primarily in Iraq and Iran is
The name given to Islamic mysticism is
The sacred book of Islam, which gives the sermons of Muhammad, is called
the Qur’an (Koran)
The year 1 of the Muslim calendar dates from what event in the life of Muhammad?
escape from Mecca to Medina
The primeval female Kami who was burned by the fire god is
The Nihongi is a collection of stories of what?
the gods and early history
The Islamic month of fasting is called
The three categories of the Hebrew Bible are
Torah, Prophets, and Writings
Who were the Sadducees?
an aristocratic, priestly party centered in Jerusalem
Muslims trace themselves back ultimately to what great patriarch?
The Sunni Reform Movement that began in India and became popular is Pakistan is
The Japanese drew many cultural and technological elements from where?
State Shinto refers to what?
a former system of national shrines
The founder of the Church of England was
Kamikaze, or “spirit wind”, refers to
How long is the Jewish Sabbath?
from sunset Friday to sunset Saturday
The Jewish New Year occurs at what time of year?
Passover occurs at what time of year?
During what festival are Jewish children given presents for 8 days?
The Hebrew verb for “to be” is etymologically associated with the name of
An essential part of the teaching of Jesus was to
love one another
The basis for the Japanese writing system came from where?
Paul, John the Baptists, and Jesus may have been influenced by the celebration of celibacy common in what Jewish movement?
The Sunni Reform Movement, that for a while, took control of Afghanistan is
According to dietary laws kept by traditionalist Jews, what items may not be eaten at the same meal?
meat and dairy
What book is found in the New Testament?
Izanagi searched for Izanami where?
in the underworld
Which Jewish faction is the ancestor of rabbinical?
Shinto puts great emphasis on what?
In Jesus’ time, what power controlled Israel?
The southern kingdom was destroyed in
586 BCE in Babylonia
The common language of the Sephardic Jews was
The Yiddish language, though written in Hebrew characters, is a type of
The first two kings of the Israelite kingdom were
Saul and David
The Islands of Japan, according to the creation story, are a sort of “this-worldly” heaven because
humans share the islands with divine beings
Part of the accommodation between Shinto and Buddhism included a division of focus
Buddhism associated with philosophy, death, and afterlife.
Shinto associated with agriculture and fertility.
During the Meiji Restoration, Shinto became tied to growing nationalism through an emphasis on
the divine origins of the emperor
Kami are associated with
natural places, the ancestors, and animal spirits
A special New Year’s ritual in Shinto is
“Cannan” refers to an early name for the region of
The Hebrew ancestor who, according to the Bible, first settled in Egypt was who?
Shinto often makes use of what ritual?
The sun goddess of Shinto is
In Shinto, white is often used because it symbolizes what?
cleanliness and purity
The Torii is often used as a gateway to a
The Ise Grand Shrine is dedicated to Amaterasu, and the high priest and priestesses are always members of the imperial family. Why?
Amaterasu is the ancestor of the Japanese emperors
The successor to Muhammad, for centuries a political as well as religious figure, was called
Ramadan is the name of the month in which Muhammad received
The Gospel that is oriented toward a Jewish audience and that portrays Jesus as the “New Moses” is
The tower used to call Muslims to prayer is called
Literally, the word “Muslim” means
a person who submits
“I am the light of the world” emphasizes Jesus as
the incarnation of God in John
The major problem with a reliance on hadiths is
some hadiths do not agree with each other
Stories about women and compassionate acts are common in
Jesus said that all important religious laws could be summed up in
the Two Great Commandments
Emperor Meiji often celebrated which Shinto virtue in his poetry?
An important element of ritual at a Shinto shrine is what?
Part of the pilgrimage involves
throwing stones at pillars
The term Shinto comes from two Chinese words that meant what?
the way of the gods
At the Kabah, what object is venerated?
The chanter who calls people to prayer is called
The Sunni Reform Movement that began in Saudi Arabia is
The Turkish leader who ended the caliphate was
The primary focus of Shinto worship is directed toward what?
spirits of nature and the ancestors
According to Shinto beliefs
human beings are fundamentally good
Contemporary Judaism has 4 parts. The part which encourages non-literal, individual interpretation of traditional beliefs is called
Jewish dietary laws forbid what?
The Jewish day of atonement, the most sacred day of the Jewish year is
The Talmud is a commentary compiled in
The moral conscience of the Hebrew people was the
Judaism traces itself back to what legendary patriarch who is written about in the book of Genesis?
During the pilgrimage, men must wear the robe of Abraham, which is
a two-piece robe of white cloth
Muhammad had his first revelations in a
The destruction of the Second Temple changed the nature of the Hebrew religion, in that afterward, the Jewish religion began to focus on
the written word
The Hebrew Bible sees history as signs of
The biblical book of song lyrics sung in worship at the Second Temple in Jerusalem is
The beginning of the Muslim calendar is
the western year 622 CE
Muhammad and his followers escaped from Mecca to Yathrib (Mecca). This was the turning point, after which Muhammad gained what?
Islam particularly stresses what?
oneness of God
Zionism is a movement that urges Jews to live in
The biblical book that describes the origins of the human race is
Sephardic Jews have lived primarily in
Belief in a Trinity is not typical in
The phrase “Five Pillars of Islam” refers to
essentials of Muslim belief and practice
Islam and Judaism are similar how?
they both make use of circumcision
Another name for the Tora
In the biblical account, Adam lived to be how old?
A remembrance of what Muhammad said or did is called
All Muslims, unless prevented by poverty or sickness, are expected to visit Mecca at least once in their lifetime in the religious journey (pilgrimage) known as
In Shinto, spirits are named what?
The church of world Messianity (Sekaikyusei-kyo) is an offshoot of
The goddess Amaterasu was lured from a cave, where she was hiding, by what?
Muhammad’s job was
At first, before they were instructed to face Mecca for prayer, followers of Muhammad faced toward what city for prayer?