Music Appreciation Final Exam

A melodic line that moves by small intervals is called consonant

A second melody played against the first is called a countermelody

In scientific terms, pitch is determined by its frequency

Melody is a concept that occurs only in Western music

The distance between two pitches is called an

The high point of a melodic line is considered its cadence

The term referring to the overall shape of a melody is

A succession of single tones or pitches perceived as a unit is called
a melody

The distance between the highest and lowest tones of a melody is called the

Twinkle Twinkle little star is an example of triple meter

Melodies that move principally by small, connected intervals are conjunct

Beats that are more strongly emphasized than others are said to be

In triple meter, the strongest pulse occurs on
the first beat

Meter is marked off in groupings known as

Meters in which each beat is subdivided into three rather than two are known as
compound meters

Music that moves without a strong sense of a beat or a meter is called

Organizing patterns of rhythmic pulses are called

The deliberate shifting of the accent to a weak beat or an offbeat is called

The element of music that organizes movement in time is

The first accented beat of a measure is called

A collection of pitches arranged in ascending or descending order is called

A combonation of three or more tones that constitutes a single block of harmony is called
a chord

A combination of tones that is discordant and unstable produces a consonance

An interval spanning eight notes is called an

The distance and relationship between two tones is refer to as an

A triad is
the most common chord type found n western music, a three note chord, built on alternate scale steps,

The first note of the scale is called the

A combination of tones that sounds discordant, unstable, or in need of resolution is called a

The principle organization around a central tone is called

A triad is a chord made up of three tones

The smallest interval in the Western musical system is the
half step

A 12 tone scale, including all semitones of the octave is called

The musical symbol # represents a

On the piano, the black key between the white keys C and D is called
C-sharp or D-flat

The triad built on the first note of the scale is called the

In harmon, the___is considered a place of rest and return

The three basic triads in the Western musical system are the tonic, the dominant, and the

A sharp lowers a musical tone by a half step

A key is a group of related tones with a common center, the tonic, toward which the other tones gravitate

A major scale can begin on any of the twelve semitones of the octave

The element that describes the musical fabric, or the relationship of musical lines within a work, is called

A texture featuring a single, unaccompanied line is called

When a melody is combined with an ornamental version of itself, often heard in jazz, the resulting texture is

When two or more independent melodic lines are combined, the resulting texture is called

A texture in which a single voices takes over the melodic interest while the accompanying voices are subordinate is called

The texture in which all the voices move in the same rhythm is called

In imitation, a melodic idea in one voice is restated in another

What quality of a work of art refuses to its structure or shape

The basic structural concepts in the element form are
repetition and contrast

A vocal work in which each poetic stanza is sung to the same melody in
strophic form

The technique through which performers create music on the spot is known as

The form based on a statement and a departure without a return to the complete opening statement

A sining style that features a leader who is imitated by a group is called
call and response

Ternary form is best outlined as A-B-C

The rate of speed at which a piece of music is played is its

Music that sounds despairing and sad usually has a ____ tempo

In what language are tempo marking generally given

Which of the following tempo markings does NOT indicate a slow tempo

The degree of loudness or softness, or volume, at which music is played is called

Which of the following dynamic markings markings is the softest
pianissimo (pp)

The term non lexical refers to a text that
consists of nonsense syllables

Scat-singing is a common in

The language of the Roman Empire and the Roman Catholic Church through most of history was

The setting of one note per syllable is called

The extended melodic line on the word “rejoice” in Handel’s Messiah is a

The use of a few notes for each syllable is called

The term song technically refers to all music, with out without words

Vocal music must use recognizable words

The vernacular is a common language of the people

The quality of sound that distinguishes one instrument or voice from another is

The term timbre refers to the
color of a tone

A specific area within the range of a voice or instrument, such as high, middle, or low, is called its

The standard ranges of the human voice, from highest to lowest, are
soprano, alto, tenor, bass

The generally accepted term for the high male vocal range is

Instruments that produce sounds by using air s the vibrating means are called

Instruments that produce sounds from a vibrating string are called

How do performers cause idiophones to produce sounds
by shaking, scraping, or striking the instrument itself

Drum-type instruments fall into the category of

Throughout history, the voice has been a model for instrumentalists and instrument builders

Flutes and whistles are classified as idiophones

The history of Western music begins

Which of the following institutions supported Renaissance society
the church, the city and state, the aristocratic courts

Most of the surviving music from the early Middle Ages is secular

Which of the following does NOT characterize plainchant
triadic harmonies

A setting of Gregorinan chant with one note or syllable is called

Which of the following women was a religious leader and prominent figure in literature and music
Hildegard of Bingen

On which liturgical occasion was Hildegard’s Alleluia, O virgo mediatrix sung
a feast day for the Virgin Mary

The knowledge of early civilizations and the culture of the Middle Ages were preserved largely in monasteries

The order of church services and the structure of each service are known as liturgy

The earliest type of polyphony was

The first major center of polyphony was
Notee Dame Cathedral in Paris

Which of the following does NOT describe Gaude Maria virgo
accompaniment with musical instruments

Each musical line in Gaude Maria virgo has the same rhythmic activity

Organum was freely composed, with no preexisting basis

The tradition of troubadours and trouveres developed in

Which of the following was NOT a subject reflected in the poems of the troubadours and trouveres
the rebirth of classical learning

During the 14th century, a style of music developed that became known as
the Ars nova

The outstanding composer-poet of the Ars nova was

The french courtly love song of the middle ages was called the

Troubadours and trouveres were medieval musicians often living on the fringes of society

The expressive device that Renaissance composers used to pictoralize words musically called

Where was the madrigal first developed

Madrigals with simpler and more accessible text were especially favored in

Which of the following best described the character of Farmer’s Fair Phyllis
pastoral and light

Who invented the printing press
Johannes Gutenberg

Only professional musicians performed secular music during the Renaissance

The two most important genres of Renaissance secular music were the chanson and the madrigal

Which of the following characterizes humanism
thinking centered on human issues and individuality, inspiration from the ancient cultures of Greece and Rome, independence from tradition and religion

Which genres of vocal music was NOT used in Renaissance church services
the chansons

What is the cantus firmus
a fragment of Gregorian chant or a secular tine used as the foundation of polyphonic mass

Which early Renaissance composer exerted a powerful influence on generations of composer who followed
Josquin des Prez

Josquin’s Ave Maria…virgo serena is an example of

The text Ave Maria…virgo serena is
in praise of the Virgin Mary

The Renaissance motet is a sacred genre with a single Latin text

The Roman Catholic Church service that symbolically reenacts the sacrifice of Christ is
the Mass

The portion of the Mass that remains in every celebration of the service is called
the Ordinary

What was the primary language of the Mass

Which of the following are the movements of the Ordinary of the Mass
Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Angus Dei

Which of the following was a leader in the Protestant Reformation
Martin Luther

After the Protestant Reformation of the early 16th century, the Roman Catholic Church responded with a movement to recapture the loyalty of its people.

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This was known as:

the Counter-Reformation

Which of the following does NOT characterize music after the 1600
instrumental music was neglected

The approximate dates of the Baroque period are

The Baroque period witnessed a shift in a musical texture to

The artificially created male soprano or alto voice that dominated Baroque opera was known as the

The term baroque originally meant security and balance

A staged drama that is sung is called an

A highly emotional song in an opera is called an

the text of an opera is called the

Purcell’s opera Dido and Aeneas was composed for
a production at a girls’ school

The aria “When I am laid in earth” is unified by a ground bass on a descending chromatic scale

Luther believed that music belonged to the

In the Lutheran Church, the weekly hymns sung by the congregation were called

The expansion of the chorale with new poetry resulted in the

During his musical career, Johann Sebastian Bach held the position of
cantor of St. Thomas Church in Leipzig, court organist and chamber musician to the duke of Weimar, court musician to the price of the Anhalt-Cothen

Bach’s Cantana NO 140, Wachet auf, has____ movements

Lutheran believed that professional musicians had no place in the church service

Handel’s Messiah is an

The stories for oratorios are generally drawn from
The Bible

Why was lining-out, the practice of call and response singing from the 17th centurial New England developed?
most people could not read music, most people could not afford to by a pslam book, the church wanted everyone to participate equally in services

William Billing’s best known publication is
The New England Pslam-SInger

Interest in Greek and Roman antiquity during the 18th century greatly influenced
painting, archiecture, literature

Which american president was a leading figure during the classical period
Thomas Jefferson

The classical period in music ranged from approx

Which of the following composers was NOT a master of the Viennese school

Which of the following best describes the lyrical melodies of the Classical period
conjunct, diatonic, and singable

The system in which the aristocracy sponsored musicians is called

A composer can fragment a theme by dividing it into smaller units called

In musical compositions, a theme is
a musical idea that is used as a building block

Which of the following best describes absolute music
music without a story or text

Which movement is the most highly organized and most characteristic multi movement cycle, usually presented in sonata form

Which of the following is a common characteristic of the second movement of the multi movement cycle
lyrical, songful melodies

In the classical multi movement cycle, the third movement is usually in ____form
minute and trio

A rondo is most typically found in the _____ last movement of a classical multi movement cycle

A string quartet consists of
2 violins, viola, cello

The form of the slow movement of Haydn’s String Quartet, OP. 76, NO 3 is:
theme and variations

Who was Haydn’s principal patron
Prince Esterhazy

Mozart’s Eine kleine Nachtmusik

The three main sections of sonata-allegro form are the exposition, the development, and the

What is the function of the bridge or transition in sonata-allegro form

The climax of sonata-allegro form appear when the tonic returns at the

A musical setting of the Mass for the dead is called a

Mozart’s Requiem was
his last work, incomplete at his death

The Dies irae text from the Requiem Mass describes
Judgement day

Which of the following correctly describes the musical forces for Mozart’s Requiem
winds, brass, strings, timpani, choir, and four soloists

The_____ accompanies the baritone voice in the Tuba mirum section of Mozart’s Requiem

The text of Mozart’s Requiem is sung in

During the 19th century, the Mass was sung only in church

Mozart died before finishing the Requiem, and one of his students completed the work for him

How did comic opera differ from opera seria
it was sung in the vernacular, it presented down to earth plots, it featured ensembles as well as solo singing

Mozart’s librettist for Don Giovanni was
Lorenzo de Ponte

Which of the following descriptions characterizes the story of Don Giovanni
It mixes elements of opera seria and opera buffa

Don Giovanni attempts to console Donna Elvira, who has been betrayed by
Don Giovanni himself

The catalogue Aria from Mozart’s Don Giovanni lists Don Giovanni’s

Comic opera generally was sung in the language of the audience, or the vernacular

Which of the following was NOT a favored sonata instrumentation during the late 18th century
piano and trumpet

Beethoven suffered from perhaps the most traumatic of all maladies for a musician. What was it?

Beethoven’s Piano Sonata in C sharp minor, OP 27, NO 2, was subtitled Moonlight by
The poet Rellstab, shortly after the composer’s death

Beethoven’s career is often divided into ____ compositional periods

Which composer both maintained and disrupted the balance of the classical style

With which symphony did Beethoven begin to expand the possibilities of the genre
NO 3

The “Ode to Joy” is the finale of Beethoven’s
Symphony NO 9

Which of the following best describes the opening idea of Beethoven’s Symphony NO 5
A four note motive

Beethoven abondoned Classical principles in composing his symphonies

Beethoven wrote his two symphonies in a style similar to that of Haydn and Mozart

In spite of numerous innovations, Beethoven’s Symphony NO 5 has the standard four movements of the Classical symphony

Which of the following is identified as the first great creative Romantic

Which of the following does NOT describe Romanticism

The 19th century saw the rise of a new social order shaped by
the technological advances of the Industrial Revolution

The democratic character of the Romantic moment is illustrated by
sympathy for the oppressed, interest in folk culture, faith in human kind and its destiny

During the 29th century, concert life began to center of the
public concert hall

Which of the following does NOT describe orchestra of the 19th century
the size of the orchestras decreased, making for more compact ensembles

A song whose text is a short lyric poem in German with piano accompaniment is called a

Which of the following was NOT a typical theme of Romantic Poetry
praise of the virgin mary

A song form in which the same melody is repeated for every stanza of text is called

A song that is composed from beginning to end without repetition of whole sections is called
through composed

Schubert and his friends organized evening gatherings or artists, writers, an musicians, called:

Which of the musical devices does Shubert use to portray the child’s terror in Elfking
high range and dissonance

Schubert’s sing Elfking is a setting of a ballad written by

Which 19th century American composer is best remember for his parlor songs and minstrel show tunes
Stephen Foster

Which of the following best describes minstrelsy
shows that featured performers in blackface

The form of Foster’s Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair is

Foster’s Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair is based on a poem by
Foster himself

For the most part, 19th century Americans rejected the music of European culture

Minstrelsy created negative stereotypes of black culture

Foster intended his songs to be performed by professional singers only

Instrumental music endowed with literary, philosophical, or pictorial associations is called
program music

Which of the following compositions is LEAST likely to be an example of program music
String Quartet in B-flat Major

Music composed without literary or pictorial meanings is called
absolute music

Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique is an example of an
program symphony

Which of the following inspired Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique
the actress Harriet Smithson

The Dies Irae is
a chant from the Mass for the Dead

In the Symphonie fantastique, Berloiz used a recurrent theme that he called the idee fixe, symbolizing the beloved

The finale to the Symphonie fantastique projects a satanic character

The librettist for Wagner’s music dramas was
Wagner himself

Wagner chose to base his early opera on
medieval German epics

Wagner’s cycle of four music dramas is called
The Ring of the Nibelung

Wagner’s total artwork, in which all the arts-music, poetry, drama, visual spectacle – are fused together is called
the Gesamtkunstwerk

In Wagner’s Ring of the Nibelung, who are the Valkyries
the nine daughters of Wotan

The artistic trends of the early 20th century can be best characterized as
a reaction against Romanticism

The center of music publishing in New York was called
Tin Pan Alley

Which American musician introduced ragtime and early jazz styles to France during WW 1
Scott Joplin

The element of melody in 20th century music is best characterized by
wide leaps and dissonant intervals

Avant-garde artists sought to distinguish themselves from traditional “high culture” and from mass market tastes

The Depression had little impact on the performing arts

Which of the following describes dissonance
It played a large role in 20th century music

Which of the following does NOT characterize the musical language of Expressionism
extended passages of consonance

Music that rejects the framework of key is described as

Schoenberg created a new style in which vocal melodies were spoken rather than sung with exact pitches and rhythms. This was known as

Klangfarbenmelodie refers to
a style that gives each other note of a melody to a different instrument

The melodies in Expressionistic music usually were conjunct

Which of the following music genres developed around the turn of the 20th century and incorporates elements of African music and Western popular and art music

Which American city is considered the birthplace of Jazz
New Orleans

Which instrument did Louis Armstrong play

Louis Armstrong’s instrument-like approach to singing is called
scat singing

Which american jazz composer was a also a pianist and a master of a bid-band orchestration
Duke Ellington

Bid band swing was the dominant form of American popular music in the 1930’s and 1940’s

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Music Appreciation Final Exam
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