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Part 3- The Baroque Era

true
Absolute monarchy was the main form of European government during the Baroque, one important ruler being Louis XIV of France.

true
false

false
Artists such as Bernini and Rubens created works that demonstrate the absence of dramatic gestures in the Baroque era.

true
false

true
As musical instruments developed technically, the level of virtuosity rose during the Baroque.

true
false

false
The Baroque era was characterized by peaceful relations between Protestants and Catholics.

true
false

the “new style”
The Baroque marks the introduction of solo song with instrumental accompaniment, which was referred to in Florence as _____.

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the motet
the “new style”
the madrigal
monophony

fill in the harmonies
The Baroque system of figured bass allowed the performer to _____.

play keyboard
sing
fill in the harmonies

true
The term baroque means “misshapen,” “extravagant,” or even “distorted.”

true
false

basso continuo
The two instruments that provided Baroque accompaniment are referred to collectively as _____.

monody
figured bass
equal temperament
basso continuo

Milton’s Paradise Lost
Which of the following is a Baroque-era poetic epic?

Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales
Milton’s Paradise Lost
Dante’s Divine Comedy

The invention of printing by Johannes Gutenberg
Which of the following was NOT a historical event from the Baroque Era?

The investigation of how the blood circulates by William Harvey

The invention of printing by Johannes Gutenberg

The beginning of the Protestant Reformation by Martin Luther

The formulation of the theory of gravitation by Sir Isaac Newton

Milan
Chiara Margarita Cozzolani was a nun at the convent of St. Radegonda in _______.

Rome
Florence
Venice
Milan

doxology
Cozzolani’s Magnificat closes with a particular prayer of praise to God called the ______.

vespers
doxology
Mass
Magnificat

false
During the Baroque era, the Catholic Church offered a wide variety of options for women to express their spirituality.

true
false

the Virgin Mary
Many women composers in the Baroque era and before felt a particularly strong affinity with which biblical character?

St. Peter
St. Paul
St. Joseph
The Virgin Mary

true
Music has often been a means for marginalized people to voice their perspective.

true
false

true
Music was not a part of the life of nuns in convents in the Baroque era or before.

true
false

false
Priests and monks were brought in to convents to sing the lower parts in polyphonic music.

true
false

true
The Baroque era offered few musical possibilities for creative women.

true
false

The nuns adhered to the church ban on singing polyphony.
Which of the following did NOT take place at the convent of St. Radegonda when Cozzolani was there?

Cozzolani joined family members already in the convent.

The nuns adhered to the church ban on singing polyphony.

Cozzolani composed and had her own music published.

Cozzolani was the director of one of the convent’s two choirs.

Magnificat
Which of the following is a type of music dedicated to the Virgin Mary?

Magnificat
Prime
Nones
Terce

public
At the time Monteverdi wrote the opera The Coronation of Poppea, what type of opera houses were opening in Venice?

private
public
symphonic
monastic

false
Despite being composed in England, Purcell’s opera Dido and Aeneas has an Italian text.

true
false

false
Early opera was originally designed to reflect the manner in which seventeenth-century aristocrats sang their conversations to each other on a daily basis.

true
false

true
Monteverdi was one of the first great composers of opera.

true
false

the Aeneid
The libretto for Purcell’s opera, Dido and Aeneas, is based on _____.

the Metamorphoses
the Aeneid
the Odysseey
the Illiad

true
The masque was an English entertainment that combined music, poetry, and dance.

true
false

true
The new Italian opera was embraced in all western European countries.

true
false

recitative
Which musical style best describes the opening line “Thy hand, Belinda; darkness shades me”?

chorus
recitative
overture
aria

Dido and Aeneas live happily ever after
Which of the following does NOT describe Henry Purcell’s Dido and Aeneas?

Dido and Aeneas live happily ever after

It was first performed at a girl’s school in London

It is based on Virgil’s Aeneid

The opera ends tragically

Aeneas has left her
Why does Dido sing a lament at the end of Purcell’s opera?

Aeneas has left her

Aeneas discovered that Dido was actually his sister

Aeneas has been murdered

Aeneas was lost at sea

The end of the church year
For what religious occasion was the cantata Wachet auf (Sleepers Awake) written?

The birth of the Virgin Mary
The birth of St. John the Baptist
Easter
The end of the church year

Lutheran
For which church did Bach write his cantatas?

Church of England
Calvinist
Roman Catholic
Lutheran

false
Johann Sebastian Bach had an international career.

true
false

false
Johann Sebastian Bach was known during his lifetime for inventing new musical genres.

true
false

true
Johann Sebastian Bach wrote most of his cantatas for the Lutheran church.

true
false

false
Johann Sebastian Bach’s church cantatas are single-movement works.

true
false

true
Many of Bach’s cantatas are based on Lutheran chorale or hymn tunes.

true
false

A-A-B
The Lutheran chorale Wachet auf is in “bar form,” which is best described as _____.

A-B-A
A-A-B
A-B
A-B-A-B-A

Philipp Nicolai
Which of the following wrote the chorale text and tune for Wachet auf (Sleepers, Awake)?

Philipp Nicolai
Martin Luther
Georg Frederic Handel
Johann Sebastian Bach

Soprano
Which voices sing the melody in a Lutheran chorale?

Bass
Tenor
Alto
Soprano

false
Handel and J.S. Bach met often and collaborated on musical works.

true
false

false
Handel composed in all genres except opera.

true
false

true
Handel had an international career.

true
false

false
Handel’s career was solely based on positions he held in Germany.

true
false

English
In what language is the “Hallelujah Chorus” from Handel’s Messiah sung?

German
French
English
Italian

true
The Baroque oratorio evolved out of events that took place during the Counter-Reformation.

true
false

Alternating between homorhythmic and polyphonic textures
Which best describes the texture heard in the “Hallelujah Chorus” from Handel’s Messiah?

Alternating between homorhythmic and polyphonic textures

Homorhythmic texture throughout

Polyphonic texture throughout

english oratorio
Which genre is Handel said to have invented?

symphony
opera
cantata
english oratorio

It utilized scenery, acting, and costumes just as did opera
Which is NOT true of the Baroque oratorio?

It features arias, recitatives, ensemble numbers, choruses, and narration

It utilized scenery, acting, and costumes just as did opera

It was generally based on a biblical story and performed in a church

Julius Caesar
Which of the following is an Italian opera by Handel?

Messiah
Judas Maccabeus
Julius Caesar

true
Colonists in New England participated in congregational hymn singing.

true
false

shape-note notation
In eighteenth-century New England, a new type of notation called _____ evolved to help improve solfège instruction.

cut circle notation
shape-note notation
fractional notation
rhythmic notation

false
Singing schools were not developed in North American until the twentieth century.

true
false

false
The Pilgrims and Puritans who settled seventeenth-century New England were mostly Catholic.

true
false

the Bay Psalm Book
The first book published in North America (1628) was _____.

A hereditary Book on the Art of War
A Key into Language of Americas
the Bay Psalm Book
The Mysteryes of Nature and Art

true
The intent of the process of lining-out was to create unison congregational singing.

true
false

true
The practice of lining-out allowed singers who did not read music notation to participate in congregational music-making.

true
false

lining-out
The seventeenth-century system in which New England church leaders sang each line of a psalm, and the congregation repeated it back, is called _____.

chant
lining-out
syllabic
homophony

solfège
The system that uses syllables as an aid to memorizing intervals between notes in a standard scale pattern is called _____.

major
lining-out
solfège
minor

heterophony
When many people are singing the same melody at the same time, but each singer is modifying the tune slightly, the resulting texture is known as _____.

heterophony
melismatic
polyphony
homophony

Handel
Water Music and Music for the Royal Fireworks are the best-known suites by _______.

Stradivarius
Haydn
Handel

true
A Baroque suite usually consists of a group of dances.

true
false

A royal party on the Thames River
For what event was Handel’s Water Music performed on July 17, 1717?

A firework display in London
The coronation of the new king
A royal party on the Thames River

false
Handel’s best-known orchestral suites are his Water Music and Messiah.

true
false

true
Technology played a crucial role in the development of music in the Baroque era.

true
false

false
The Baroque suite typically consists of a group of dances in contrasting keys.

true
false

false
The strings of Baroque violin were made out of wrapped steel.

true
false

suite
Which of the following genres consists of a group of dance movements, usually in the same key?

cantata
da capo aria
suite
ritornello

tango
Which of the following is NOT a standard dance in a Baroque suite?

tango
sarabande
courante
allemande

minuet
Which of the following is a movement from the Suite in D Major from Handel’s Water Music?

courante
gavotte
lento
minute

true
A typical Baroque concerto is performed by an orchestral ensemble and one or more solo instruments and orchestra.

true
false

false
Antonio Vivaldi, in his own day, was better known as a composer than a performer.

true
false

false
Baroque concertos tended to consist of only one movement.

true
false

with high trills and running scales
How does Vivaldi musically evoke the image of birds in the first movement of the Spring concerto?

with an aggressive rhythmic pattern
with an unusual amount of silence
with high trills and running scales
with a harmonic drone

false
Music that is not specifically meant to depict anything is called program music.

true
false

violin
The solo instrument featured in Vivaldi’s Spring concerto is the _____.

violin
cello
harpsichord
double bass

fast-slow-fast
The tempo scheme of the movements in Vivaldi’s Spring concerto is best described as _____.

slow-fast-slow-fast
fast-slow-fast
fast-slow-medium-fast
slow-moderate-fast

true
Vivaldi is noted for writing instrumental music that depicts a scene without the use of sung words.

true
false

program music
Vivaldi wrote instrumental music that depicts a scene without the use of sung words, a genre called _____.

song
absolute music
intentional music
program music

ritornello
What is the unifying formal structure that Vivaldi used in the first movement of the Spring concerto?

minuet
fugal treatment
ritornello
ground bass

retrograde
A melody that is stated backward is said to be in _____.

retrograde
inversion
augmentation

false
Harpsichord strings are struck with hammers to generate sound.

true
false

48
How many preludes and fugues make up the collection in J. S. Bach’s Well-Tempered Clavier?

24
12
48
36

Art of Fugue
J. S. Bach’s most comprehensive example of contrapuntal writing is his _____.

Partita for Solo Flute
Orchestral Suite No. 3 in D Minor
Art of Fugue
Musette in D Major

true
Keyboard players in the Baroque era often improvised in performance.

true
false

true
Organs have more than one keyboard.

true
false

exposition
The first section of a fugue is called the _____.

ritornello
episode
exposition
opening

true
The harpsichord is unable to sustain sound the way that modern pianos can.

true
false

false
The piano was the main keyboard instrument in the Baroque era.

true
false

episodes
The sections of a fugue that do not contain the subject are called _____.

expositions
episodes
ritornellos

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