Music Appreciation (Baroque)

The vocal style in opera that imitates the natural infliction of speech is called:

It was through the musical innovations of the ______________ that opera was born
Florentine Camerata

The text of an opera is called:
the libretto

Who is best viewed as the first master of opera?

A type of English entertainment combining music, poetry, and dance was called:

The greatest native-born English composer of the Baroque was:
Henry Purcell

Dido’s Lament from Purcell’s opera Dido Aeneas is composed:
over a ground bass

The sacred cantata was an integral part of the:
Lutheran church service

Which of the following does NOT describe a chorale?
chorale tunes were originally conceived for polyphonic settings

During his lifetime, Bach held the position of:
all of the above

What is the form of the chorale tune Wachet auf?
bar form (A-A-B)

George Frideric Handel was considered a master of:
the oratorio

When Handel arrived in London, he established his fame by composing:

Late in life, Handel turned his efforts from the opera to:
the oratorio

Which of the following is Handel’s most famous oratorio, frequently performed today?

Why is Messiah so popular in England and America today?
all of the above

“Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion” from Messiah is an example of:
a da capo aria

The famous choral climax in Part II of Handel’s Messiah is:
the “Hallelujah Chorus”

Of the following, which is NOT a major difference between Baroque and modern violins?
the general shape of the instrument

Which of the following dance types was NOT standard in a Baroque suite?

A gigue is best described as:
a lively sextuple-meter dance

What is the form of each individual movement is a suite?

The concept of the suite was applied to:
all of the above

The form of the rondeau is:

The approximate dates of the Baroque period are:

John Milton’s Paradise Lost is an epic poem expressing the views of:

The Baroque period witnessed a new style of music which featured a single vocal melody with accompaniment.

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Which two instruments would most likely have played the basso continuo in the Baroque era?
cello and harpsichord

The Baroque technique of placing numerals, indicating the harmony required, above or below the bass notes is called:
figured bass

A system of slightly adjusting the tuning of intervals within the octave, thus making it possible to play is called:
equal temperament

Which of the following best describes the relentless beat and regular accent of later Baroque music?
vigorous rhythm

Which is the doctrine of the affections?
the codification of basic emotional states aroused by music

The artificially created male soprano or alto who dominated opera was known as:
the castrato

The Baroque performance practice where musicians embellish melodies was called:

Women’s roles in Baroque music:
expanded into professional performance careers, including as opera singers

Recitative that is accompanied by continuo instruments is called secco.



The da capo aria is a set form and would have no improvisation.(True/False)

Early operas, such as Orfeo, were simple productions for intimate gatherings.(True/False)

Dido’s Lament from Purcell’s opera Dido Aeneas is a da capo aria.(True/False)

The aria “When I am laid to Earth” is unified by a descending chromatic scale ground bass.(True/False)

The acceptance of Barbara Strozzi in intellectual and musical circles was typically for women in the Baroque era.(True/False)

A chorale is a hymn tune associated with German Protestantism.(True/False)

During his lifetime, Johann Sebastian Bach was primarily known as a great organist.(True/False)

All movements of Bach’s Cantata No. 140 make use of the chorale tune Wachet auf.(True/False)

The role of the chorus was especially important in the oratorio.(True/False)

The Baroque period was the first in which instrumental music was comparable in importance to vocal music.(True/False)

Baroque composers, like their Renaissance counterparts, generally did not specify instrumentation. (True/False)

Valves enabled Baroque trumpet players to become virtuosos.(True/False)

Today, Baroque music is played exclusively on modern instruments.(True/False)

The Alla hornpipe from Handel’s Water Music is in A-B-A form.(True/False)

The courts of Louis XIV and Louis XV were known for their conservative austerity.(True/False)

Mouret’s Rondeau was most likely intended for an outdoor theater concert.(True/False)

Religion remained a driving force behind power struggles in the Baroque era.(True/False)

The basso continuo was performed only by a chordal instrument.(True/False)

While playing the basso continuo, musicians in the Baroque era improvised on figured bass.(True/False)

Baroque composers used dissonance for emotional intensity and color.(True/False)

A characteristic of Baroque music is its constant fluctuation of dynamics.(True/False)

In Baroque instrumental music, each piece (or movement) reflected a single mood, or affection. (True/False)

Improvisation played little or no part in Baroque musical practice.(True/False)

During the Baroque era, women began entering the ranks of professional musicians, both as composers and as performers.(True/False)

Compare the genres of opera and oratorio, using examples of each to support your answer.
You do you

Describe the variety of dance movements that might be found in a Baroque suite.
You do you

The instrumental form based on the contrast of two dissimilar masses of sound is called a:

The typical solo concerto has _____ movements

Vivaldi was known as “the red priest” for:
the color of his hair

Vivaldi lived and worked in:

Which of the following is a well-known set of concertos by Vivaldi?
The Four Seasons

The solo instrument in Spring, from The Four Seasons, is:
the violin

The opening movement of Spring, from The Four Seasons, features:
ritornello form

The slow movement of Spring, from The Four Seasons, Vivaldi evokes a dog barking through:
an ostinato form

Who composed the Brandenburg Concertos?

The accompanying group in a concerto grosso is called:
the ripieno

The solo group in a concerto grosso is called:
the concertino

Which of the following was NOT an important keyboard instrument in the Baroque?
the piano

The harpsichord is different from the piano because:
all of the above

A chorale prelude:
all of the above

The _____ is a keyboard form based on the principle of voices imitating each other.

In a fugue, the areas of relaxation where the subject is not heard are called:

After the fugue subject is stated, the second entrance of the subject is called the:

Of the following, which is NOT a contrapuntal device that alters the original theme?

In a fugue, the technique of stating the theme in faster rhythmic values is called:

Inn the field of keyboard music, Bach’s most important collection was:
The Well-Tempered Clavier

How many preludes and fugues are contained in the two Well-Tempered Clavier volumes?

A great French clavecinist and Rococo composer of the mid-eighteenth century was:
Francois Couperin

The Beggar’s opera was first presented in:

The Beggar’s opera was written by:
Gay and Pepusch

Opera buffa is comic opera from:

The solo concerto is written for a solo instrument with a continuo accompaniment. (True/False)

Vivaldi’s solo concertos typically had four movements. (True/False)

The strings of a harpsichord are plucked by quills. (True/False)

The harpsichord is incapable of crescendos and diminuendos. (True/False)

The prelude originated in improvisation on keyboard instruments. (True/False)

A fugue is a contrapuntal composition in which a single subject is the focal point, thus unifying the work. (True/False)

A fugue is a form exclusively for solo keyboard performance. (True/False)

At the beginning of a fugue, the countersubject is stated alone. (True/False)

Bach’s The Art of Fugue was scored for strings. (True/False)

The Beggar’s Opera had little impact on the development of opera in the eighteenth century. (True/False)

How did opera change in the early eighteenth century?
You do you

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Music Appreciation (Baroque). (2017, Dec 15). Retrieved from

Music Appreciation (Baroque)
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