Romanticism, as a stylistic period in western music, encompassed the years
Drawing creative inspiration from cultures of lands foreign to the composer is known as
Program music is
instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene
Which of the following statements is NOT true
Fascination with the melodies, rhythms, and colorful materials from distant lands is a romantic trend known as musical nationalism
The deliberate intent to draw creative inspiration from the composer’s own homeland is known as
An orchestra toward the end of the romantic period might include close to ______ musicians
The 1844 “Treatise on Modern Instrumentation and Orchestration” that signaled the recognition of orchestration as an art in itself was written by
A slight holding back or pressing forward of tempo in music is known as
Altering the character of a melody by changes in dynamics, orchestration, or rhythm is a romantic technique known as
Because of the French Revolution and the __________, many aristocrats could no longer afford to maintain private opera houses, orchestras, and “composers in residence”
The composer whose career was a model for many romantic composers was
Ludwig van Beethoven
A romantic composer who made his living as a touring virtuoso was
The rise of the urban middle class led to th
piano becoming a fixture in every middle-class home
formation of many orchestras and opera groups
development of regular subscription concerts
When music conservatories were founded, women
were at first accepted only as students of performance, but by the late 1800s could study musical composition
A very important musical part of every middle-class home during the romantic period was the
Music criticism was a source of income for both Hector Berlioz and
An art song is a musical composition for
solo voice and piano
The word ________ is commonly used for a romantic art song with a German text.
The German composers of art songs favored, among others, the lyric poetry of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and
The mood of an art song is often set by a brief piano introduction and summed up at the end by a piano section called a
When the same music is repeated for two or more stanzas of a poem, leading to new music for other stanzas, the form is known as
Instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene, popular during the romantic period is called
Non program music is also known as _________ music.
A _________ is an instrumental composition in several movements based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea
A __________ is a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.
Today’s movie scores may be regarded as examples of
The citizens’ sense of national identity and patriotic feelings were intensified by
romanticism, which glorified love for one’s national heritage
common bonds of language, culture, and history
military resistance to Napoleon
The strongest impact of musical nationalism was felt in
the Scandinavian countries.
Poland and Bohemia.
Who laid the groundwork for a nationalistic style in Russian music?
In music, the early twentieth century was a time of
revolt and change
The most famous riot in music history occurred in Paris in 1913 at the first performance of
Igor Stravinsky’s “The Rite of Spring”
Composers in the twentieth century drew inspiration from
folk and popular music from all cultures.
the music of Asia and Africa.
European art music from the Middle Ages through the nineteenth century
In twentieth-century music
string players are sometimes called upon to use the wood instead of the hair on their bows.
percussion instruments have become very prominent and numerous.
dissonance has been emancipated.
Among the unusual playing techniques that are widely used in the twentieth century is the _______, a rapid slide up or down the scale.
A piano is often used in twentieth-century orchestral music to
add a percussive edge.
Which of the following is NOT an alternative to the traditional organization of pitch used by twentieth-century composers?
A chord made of tones only a half step or whole step apart is known as
a tone cluster
The first significant atonal pieces were composed around 1908 by
“Ostinato” refers to a
motive or phrase that is repeated persistently at the same pitch throughout a section.
Radio broadcasts of live recorded music began to reach large audiences during the
The first opera created for television was Gian-Carlo Menotti’s
Amahl and the Night Visitors
When did the first pairing of music and film take place?
Impressionist painting and symbolist poetry as artistic movements originated in
The most important impressionist composer was
The term “impressionist” derived from a critic’s derogatory reaction to “Impression: Sunrise”, a painting by
When viewed closely, impressionist paintings are made up of
tiny colored patches
Many of Debussy’s songs are set to poems by the symbolist poet
The neoclassical movement in music roughly encompassed the years
Neoclassical compositions are characterized by
forms and stylistic features of earlier periods
Neoclassical composers modeled many of the works after the compositions of
Johann Sebastian Bach
The expressionist movement in music and art flourished in the years
Expressionism grew out of the same intellectual climate as Freud’s studies of
hysteria and the unconscious
Richard Strauss’ operas “Salome” and “Elektra” were known for their
chromatic and dissonant music
Expressionism is an art concerned with
avoided tonality and traditional chord progressions
Since World War II, musical styles have
taken many new directions and changes
All of the following are major developments in music since 1950 except the
continued composition of symphonies in the classical style
Minimalism as an artistic movement was a
reaction against the complexity of serialism and the randomness of chance music.
Many composers since the mid-1960s have made extensive use of quotations from earlier music as an attempt to
improve communication between the composer and the listener
Since 1950 many composers have returned to
In electronic music, there is no need fo
Intervals smaller than the half step are called
Composers who have returned to the use of tonality have been called
Minimalist music is characterized by
a steady pulse, clear tonality, and insistent repetition of short melodic patterns
An example of aleatoric music is
John Cage’s “Imaginary Landscape No. 4” for twelve radios
Around 1940, John Cage invented the prepared piano, a(n)
grand piano whose sound is altered by objects such as bolts, screws, rubber bands, pieces of felt, paper, and plastic inserted between the strings of some of the keys.
John Adams’ “Short Ride in a Fast Machine” is scored for a
large symphonic orchestra and two synthesizers