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Music Appreciation Final

Romanticism, as a stylistic period in western music, encompassed the years
1820-1900

Drawing creative inspiration from cultures of lands foreign to the composer is known as
exoticism

Program music is
instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene

Which of the following statements is NOT true
Fascination with the melodies, rhythms, and colorful materials from distant lands is a romantic trend known as musical nationalism

The deliberate intent to draw creative inspiration from the composer’s own homeland is known as
nationalism

An orchestra toward the end of the romantic period might include close to ______ musicians
100

The 1844 “Treatise on Modern Instrumentation and Orchestration” that signaled the recognition of orchestration as an art in itself was written by
Hector Berlioz

A slight holding back or pressing forward of tempo in music is known as
rubato

Altering the character of a melody by changes in dynamics, orchestration, or rhythm is a romantic technique known as
thematic transformation

Because of the French Revolution and the __________, many aristocrats could no longer afford to maintain private opera houses, orchestras, and “composers in residence”
Napoleonic Wars

The composer whose career was a model for many romantic composers was
Ludwig van Beethoven

A romantic composer who made his living as a touring virtuoso was
Franz Liszt

The rise of the urban middle class led to th
piano becoming a fixture in every middle-class home
formation of many orchestras and opera groups
development of regular subscription concerts

When music conservatories were founded, women
were at first accepted only as students of performance, but by the late 1800s could study musical composition

A very important musical part of every middle-class home during the romantic period was the
piano

Music criticism was a source of income for both Hector Berlioz and
Robert Schumann

An art song is a musical composition for
solo voice and piano

The word ________ is commonly used for a romantic art song with a German text.
lied

The German composers of art songs favored, among others, the lyric poetry of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and
Heinrich Heine

The mood of an art song is often set by a brief piano introduction and summed up at the end by a piano section called a
postlude

When the same music is repeated for two or more stanzas of a poem, leading to new music for other stanzas, the form is known as
modified strophic

Instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene, popular during the romantic period is called
program music

Non program music is also known as _________ music.
absolute

A _________ is an instrumental composition in several movements based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea
program symphony

A __________ is a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.
symphonic poem

Today’s movie scores may be regarded as examples of
incidental music

The citizens’ sense of national identity and patriotic feelings were intensified by
romanticism, which glorified love for one’s national heritage
common bonds of language, culture, and history
military resistance to Napoleon

The strongest impact of musical nationalism was felt in
Russia.
the Scandinavian countries.
Poland and Bohemia.

Who laid the groundwork for a nationalistic style in Russian music?
Mikhail Glinka

In music, the early twentieth century was a time of
revolt and change

The most famous riot in music history occurred in Paris in 1913 at the first performance of
Igor Stravinsky’s “The Rite of Spring”

Composers in the twentieth century drew inspiration from
folk and popular music from all cultures.
the music of Asia and Africa.
European art music from the Middle Ages through the nineteenth century

In twentieth-century music
string players are sometimes called upon to use the wood instead of the hair on their bows.
percussion instruments have become very prominent and numerous.
dissonance has been emancipated.

Among the unusual playing techniques that are widely used in the twentieth century is the _______, a rapid slide up or down the scale.
glissando

A piano is often used in twentieth-century orchestral music to
add a percussive edge.

Which of the following is NOT an alternative to the traditional organization of pitch used by twentieth-century composers?
Tonic-dominant harmonies

A chord made of tones only a half step or whole step apart is known as
a tone cluster

The first significant atonal pieces were composed around 1908 by
Arnold Schoenberg

“Ostinato” refers to a
motive or phrase that is repeated persistently at the same pitch throughout a section.

Radio broadcasts of live recorded music began to reach large audiences during the
1920’s

The first opera created for television was Gian-Carlo Menotti’s
Amahl and the Night Visitors

When did the first pairing of music and film take place?
1895

Impressionist painting and symbolist poetry as artistic movements originated in
France

The most important impressionist composer was
Claude Debussy

The term “impressionist” derived from a critic’s derogatory reaction to “Impression: Sunrise”, a painting by
Claude Monet

When viewed closely, impressionist paintings are made up of
tiny colored patches

Many of Debussy’s songs are set to poems by the symbolist poet
Paul Verlaine

The neoclassical movement in music roughly encompassed the years
1920-1950

Neoclassical compositions are characterized by
forms and stylistic features of earlier periods

Neoclassical composers modeled many of the works after the compositions of
Johann Sebastian Bach

The expressionist movement in music and art flourished in the years
1905-1925

Expressionism grew out of the same intellectual climate as Freud’s studies of
hysteria and the unconscious

Richard Strauss’ operas “Salome” and “Elektra” were known for their
chromatic and dissonant music

Expressionism is an art concerned with
social protest

Expressionist composers
avoided tonality and traditional chord progressions

Since World War II, musical styles have
taken many new directions and changes

All of the following are major developments in music since 1950 except the
continued composition of symphonies in the classical style

Minimalism as an artistic movement was a
reaction against the complexity of serialism and the randomness of chance music.

Many composers since the mid-1960s have made extensive use of quotations from earlier music as an attempt to
improve communication between the composer and the listener

Since 1950 many composers have returned to
tonal music

In electronic music, there is no need fo
performers

Intervals smaller than the half step are called
microtones

Composers who have returned to the use of tonality have been called
“new Romantics”

Minimalist music is characterized by
a steady pulse, clear tonality, and insistent repetition of short melodic patterns

An example of aleatoric music is
John Cage’s “Imaginary Landscape No. 4” for twelve radios

Around 1940, John Cage invented the prepared piano, a(n)
grand piano whose sound is altered by objects such as bolts, screws, rubber bands, pieces of felt, paper, and plastic inserted between the strings of some of the keys.

John Adams’ “Short Ride in a Fast Machine” is scored for a
large symphonic orchestra and two synthesizers

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