A musical sound is represented by a symbol called a(n):
note

Measures mark off groupings of beats, each with a fixed number that coincides with the meter.
True

A repeated rhythmic pattern in which an accented beat is followed by two unaccented beats is in:
triple meter

The metrical pattern in which a strong beat alternates with a weak one is called:
duple meter

The resting place at the end of a phrase is called:
a cadence

Syncopation is typical of African American dance music and spirituals.

True

Which of the following songs is in compound meter?
Greensleeves

Melodies that have numerous wide intervals are disjunct
True

According to the textbook, the musical element that makes the widest and most direct appeal is:
melody

The overall shape of a melody is called range.
False

Should a composer write a dil score to a horror movie, we might reasonably expect the the harmony would include a great deal of:
dissonance

Meter is an organizing principle shared by music and poetry.

True

The simultaneous use of two or more rhythmic patters is called:
polyrhythm

A combination of tones that is discordant and unstable produces a consonance.
False

A triad is a chord made up of three tones.
True

Generally speaking, music had grown more consonant though the ages.
False

Polyrhythm is the characteristic of musics of many African cultures.
True

In triple meter, the strongest pule occurs on:
The first beat

In sextuple meter, the principle accents usually fall on:
beats 1 and 3

A musical sound:
generally has a perceivable pitch and a measurable frequency.

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A succession of single tones or pitches perceives as a unit is called:
a melody

A collection of pitches arranged in ascending or descending order is called:
a scale

The distance between two pitches is called:
an interval

The two scale types commonly found in Western music from about 1650 to 1900 are major and minor.
True

Most musical cultures share the concept of melody or musical line.
True

The element of music that organizes movement in time is:
rhythm

Music that moves without a sense of beat or meter is called:
nonmetric

The distance between the highest and lowest tones of a melody is called the:
range

Which of the following terms describes a concordant, to agreeable, combination of tones?
consonant

A melody can be characterized by:
All of the above

The regular pulse in music is called the
beat

A triad is:
all of the above

What meter is known as common time?
quadruple

The deliberate shifting of the accent to a weak beat or an offbeat is called:
syncopation

A texture featuring a single, unaccompanied line is called:
monophonic

A unit of meaning within a larger structure of a melody is called:
a phrase

The vertical dimension of music is called:
harmony

Meter is the
grouping of the beats

The number of vibration per second is called:
frequency

In simple duple meter tree are beats in a measure and each beat is divisible by three.
False

Which of the following terms refers to the use of EVERY pitch in the range of an octave?
chromatic

In harmony, a place of rest and return is:
the tonic

The number of vibrations per second is called:
frequency

Which term describes a melody that moves by small intervals?
conjunct

The quality of sound that distinguishes one instrument or voice from another is:
timbre

Musical punctuation, similar to a comma or period in a sentence, is called:
a cadence

The first accented beat of a measure is called a:
downbeat

Polyphonic texture is
two or more melodic lines or equal importance sounding at the same time

Which of the following does NOT make frequent use of pentatonic scales?
Western art music

When two or more independent melodic lines are combines, the resulting texture is called:
polyphony

In a major scale, the greatest tension lies between what two tones?
7 and 8

Active chords seek to resolve to resting chords, imparting a sense of direction or goal.
True

In homorhythmic texture, the melody and harmony move with the same rhythm.
True

With which era is chromatic music most frequently associated
Romantic

A twelve-tone scale, including all the semitones of he octave, is called:
chromatic

The term homophonic describes a single-voiced texture without accompaniment.
False

The interweaving of the melodic lines, or the relationship of musical lines, within a work is called:
texture

Which of the following terms does NOT refer to a musical scale?
monophonic

According to the textbook, the most commonly heard texture today is likely to be:
homophony

The smallest interval in the Western musical system is called:
a half step

Most compositions use one type of texture exclusively.
False

The process of passing from one key to another is known as:
modulation

Which symbol represents the tonic chord>
I

The art of counterpoint is most closely associated with monophonic texture.
False

In Western music, the octave is divided into how many equal intervals?
twelve

The procedure in which a melodic idea is presented in one voice and hen restated in another is called:
imitation

The musical symbol # represents a:
sharp

In a major scale, between which pairs of tones do the half steps occur?
3 and 4, 7 and 8

Which symbol represents the dominant chord?
V

Some traditional music of the Middle East and the Far East today is still monophonic.
True

The predominant texture used in Western music until about one thousand years ago was:
monophony

Chromatic music is most closely associated with the Classical era.
False

A musical texture featuring a single, unaccompanied line is called:
monophonic

The smallest fragment of a theme that forms a melodic-rhythmic unit is called:
a motive

Form in music refers to
the overall plan for the organization of the music

The first note of the scale:
all of the above

A combination of tones that sounds discordant, unstable, or in need of resolution is called:
dissonance

Which of the following tempo markings does NOT indicate a slow tempo?
allegro

The restatement of a musical idea at a higher or lower pitch is called:
sequence

The word that indicates the music should get louder is decrescendo.
False

The term a cappella refers to a choral music performed:
without any accompaniment

A mechanism that generates musical vibrations and launches them into the air is called:
an instrument

Most large musical ensembles need a conductor in order to perform together.
True

The term pizzicato means to play in a throbbing manner.
False

The highest-sounding member of the woodwind family is the:
piccolo

The quality of sound that distinguishes one instrument or voice from another is:
timbre

Which of the following voice types has the lowest range?
bass

The pipe organ is a wind instrument, sounded by air.
True

The style of a historical period is defined by:
the total language of all its artists

The piano is limited by a narrow range of pitches and dynamics.
False

Which of the following is true of all brass instruments?
all of the above

The approximate dates for the Renaissance era are:
1450-1600

The human voice:
possess lyric beauty and expressiveness that have been a model for instrument builders and players

Which of the following is the lowest member of the double-reed family?
the contrabassoon

Which of the following brass instruments is sometimes played with the performer’s hand plugging the bell?
French horn

The modern orchestra is typically made up of thirty to forty players.
False

The soprano brass instrument sometimes described as possessing a brilliant timbre is the:
trumpet

Which is the correct order of bowed string instruments from highest to lowest in range?
Violin, viola, cello, double bass

Of the following, which describes the organ?
all of the above

Which marking is appropriate for a slow tempo?
Adagio

Woodwind instruments:
all have holes in the pipe

A set of pipes on an organ that has the same “voice” is known as a
rank

The term band refers to a:
all of the above

In chamber music, a piano quintet is
one piano plus a string quartet

The most common chamber music ensemble is the
String Quartet

The standard brass quintet consists of
2 trumpets, horn, trombone, tuba

The two centers of power in the Middle Ages were the feudal lord and the state.
False

The modes were the basis for European art music for less than one hundred years.
False

The order of church services and the structure of each service are known as the liturgy.
True

During the Middle Ages, which of the following was NOT a reason to seek shelter in a monastery or convent?
search for an easy life

Which of the following does NOT characterize Gregorian chant?
triadic harmonies

A setting of Gregorian chant with one note per syllable is called:
syllabic

Hildegard’s Alleluia, O virga mediatrix has a neumatic text setting with some melismas.
True

In addition to composing music, Hildegard of Bingen is known for:
all of the above

Music notation was invented to further the goals of Christian worship.
True

The core of music-making today s largely based on the traditions from:
Europe

On which liturgical occasion(s) was Hildegard’s Alleliua, O virga mediatrix sung?
feast days of the Virgin Mary

____is traditionally associated with collecting and organizing the chants of the church.
Pope Gregory the Great

A setting of plainchant with many notes per syllable is called syllabic.
False

What event opened the doors between East and West?
the Crusades

Some scholars argue that “song” was one of the earliest forms of speech.
True

Why does Gregorian chant sound so different from other types of Western music?
There is no harmony

The order of the church services and the structure of each service are known as the liturgy.
True

Which of the following was NOT a role for secular music?
assisting in religious services

Groups of wandering peasant class medieval secular musicians, mainly in France, were known as:
Jongleurs

The Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, and Agnus Dei constitute what part of the Mass?
the Ordinary

Minstrels were the medieval secular musicians who were considered to be the lowest order.
False

Medieval carols grew out of the celebration of the “Midnight Mass” after Western Europe was converted by the Christian Church.
False

What is the primary language of the Mass?
Latin

Free organum was most often found in
tropes

Troubadours, trouvères, and trobairitz were medieval poet-musicians.
True

Minstrel means
little servant

The term “Dark Ages” formerly referred to the time:
between 500 and 1000 c.e.

Since Machaut was a cleric in the church, he wrote only sacred music.
False

In Early motets, the voice of the motet that contains the original Gregorian melody is:
the Tenor

The Frankish emperor who encourages education and the concept of a centralized government was:
Charlemagne

The Roman Catholic Mass for the Dead is Magnificat.
False

When did organs begin to be used in Western European catholic churches?
10th Century AD

A “waytpipe”
all of the above

Early notation suggested melodic contours using small ascending and descending signs called:
neumes

Some carols predate Christianity.
True

Only a few of the original Gregorian chant melodies still survive today.
False

The special Mass sung at funerals and memorials in the Roman Catholic Church is:
the Requiem

Surviving medieval music contains very specific instrumental indications.
False

In creating organum, the added voice was most often called the
duplum

Which type of medieval organ was the most portable?
Portative

Italian madrigalists set words such as weeping, trembling, and dying with great expression.
True

Josquin’s Ave Maria…virgo serena is an example of the:
motet

The dominant composers of the early Renaissance came from:
northern Europe

The syllables “fa la la” appeared in the refrains of secular music from ___
England

Which of the following best describes the character of Farmer’s Fair Phyllis?
pastoral and light

The portion of the Mass that changes from day to day, depending on the feast celebrated, is called:
the Proper

Which of the following is NOT part of the Ordinary of the Mass?
Alleluia

Religious belief became more personal during the Renaissance.
True

Josquin did not use preexisting melodies in his sacred works.
False

Which of the following best describes the texture of ideal Renaissance sacred music?
imitative

Palestrina spent the bulk of his career in Rome.
True

After the Protestant Reformation of the early sixteenth century, the Roman Catholic Church responded with a movement to recapture the loyalty of its people. This was known as:
the Counter-Reformation

The dense counterpoint in the Pope Marcellus Mass obscures the words.
False

Unlike Italian madrigals, Fair Phyllis has no word painting.
False

Josquin’s career centered exclusively in his native France.
False

Why does the Renaissance music sound different from medieval music?
all of the above

“Renaissance” means
rebirth

A medieval “brass” instrument usually made from wood with finger holes is called:
the cornetto

The term antiphonal implies more than one group of performers.
True

England adopted the Italian madrigal and developed it into a native form.
True

Instrumental music was much more important than vocal music in the Renaissance.
False

Like the Renaissance motet, the polyphonic setting of the Mass was often based on a cantus firmus.
True

Although the invention of the printing press revolutionized the dissemation of the printed word, it was unadaptable to printing music.
False

Popular tunes were never used in the Ordinary of the Mass during the Renaissance.
False

An important philosophical outlook of the Renaissance was
humanism

Which of the following could be considered an appropriate outdoor instrument?
the sackbut

The greatest native-born English composer of the Baroque was:
Henry Purcell

The orchestral introduction heard at the beginning of an opera is called:
an overture

Johann Sebastian Bach was most famous in his day as a performer on:
the organ

The sacred cantata was an integral part of the:
Lutheran church service

During his lifetime, Johann Sebastian Bach was known primarily as a great organist.
True

George Frideric is considered a master of:
the oratorio

Which of the following does NOT characterize the oratorio?
elaborate scenery

“Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion” from Messiah is an example of:
a da carpo aria

The role of the chorus is especially important in the oratorio.
True

Handel wrote his oratorio over a period of four years.
False

Many operas during the Baroque were based on characters from Greek and Roman mythology.
True

Which statement is true of Baroque Era cantatas?
all of the above

An important composer of early operas was
Monteverdi

A virtuoso is
someone who is very skilled in performing

The earliest operas took their plots from:
Greek mythology

A drama that is sung is called:
an opera

Violin sonatas always have keyboard accompaniment.
False

At its inception, opera took the world by storm and was seen by huge audiences all over Western Europe.
False

What is the form of each individual movement in a suite?
binary

Handel’s Water Music is best described as a:
suite

The Baroque period was the first in which instrumental music was comparable in importance to vocal music.
True

Which of the following was the greatest and most prolific Italian composer of concertos?
Vivaldi

Vivaldi lived in Venice, where he taught music at a girls’ school.
True

Antonio Vivaldi composed over two hundred concertos for solo violin.
True

What is a toccata?
an improvisatory, virtuosic keyboard work

What is the principal element of a fugue?
counterpoint

A fugue is a form intended exclusively for solo keyboard performance.
False

Bach’s last demonstration of contrapuntal mastery was:
The Art of Fugue

Baroque composers applied the concept of the suite to:
all of the above

The typical solo concierto has ___ movements.
three

Which of the following is a well-known set of concertos by Vivaldi?
The Four Seasons

The Four Seasons can be considered program music.
False

Which of the following was NOT an important keyboard instrument during the Baroque?
the piano

The___ is a keyboard form based on the principle of voices imitating each other.
fugue

Which of the following is a set of forty-eight preludes and fugues by Bach?
The Well-Tempered Clavier

In the field of keyboard music, Johann Sebastian Bach’s most important collection was:
The Well-Tempered Clavier

Today, Baroque music is played exclusively on modern instruments.
False

The Baroque concerto is written for a solo instrument with a continuo accompaniment.
False

What is the principal element of fugue?
counterpoint

The keyboard instrument that uses various sets of pipes to create contrasting colors is:
the organ

The three main keyboard instruments of the Baroque were the harpsichord, organ, and piano.
False

In a fugue, the area of relaxation where the subject is not heard are called:
episodes

A sonata is
an instrumental piece in several movements for a soloist or a small ensemble

Handel’s Water Music Suite is so names because
it was composed for a yachting trip King George I of England took down the river Thames

Handel, though German, had a great interest in writing Italian opera.
True

The modern orchestra has its roots in the orchestra of the Baroque Era.
True

The Baroque technique of placing numeral, indicating the harmony required, above or below the bass notes, is called:
figured bass

Handel’s Royal Fireworks Music was performed without continuo interments when played outdoors.
True

In The Art of Fugue, Bach includes musical reference to his own name.
True

A chorale is a hymn tune associated with German Protestantism.
True

The woodwind instruments of the baroque period are almost identical to modern instruments.
False

The Royal Fireworks music was originally scored for wind band.
True

The concerto grosso is a form relegated almost entirely to the Baroque era.
True

An italian overture begins with a slow section followed by a section based on a dance rhythm.
False

A passion is
an oratorio on the final events of the life of Jesus Christ

The number of players needed to perform a Baroque basso continuo is:
two

Johann Sebastian Bach lived a short, unhappy life, and had no children.
False

Baroque trumpets were so primitive that no concertos were composed for them.
False

Which of the following best describes absolute music?
music without a story or text

Which of the following descriptions is most characteristic of a jazz performance?
improvisation on reestablished harmonic patterns

Which of the following compositional techniques does theme and variation form often utilize?
all of the above

Haydn’s String Quarter, Op. 76, No. 3 was nicknamed the Emperor because:
The slow movement is based on a hymn written for Emperor Franz II.

Haydn enjoyed phenomenal musical success with two trips to___.
England

The slow movement of a multi movement cycle is most frequently the third movement.
False

How many movements are typical of pre-Classical symphonies?
three

The patronage system failed to support Haydn, and he was fired to live by teaching and performing.
False

The nickname “father of the symphony” was earned by:
Haydn

Haydn composed the Military Symphony for his second visit to___.
London

Which of the following terms describes a concordant or agreeable combination of tones?
consonant

The earliest operas were generally based on stories from the bible.
False

Like the Renaissance motet, the polyphonic setting of the Mass was often based on a cantos firms.
True

Percussion Instruments were unknown in the Renaissance.
False

C.P.E. Bach
all of the above

In Bach’s Orchestral Suite No. 3, “Air” refers to
a very melodic movement not related to a dance rhythm

The bass “brass” instrument in the Renaissance was the
Serpent

A standard string quartet consists of:
2 violins, viola, and cello

The most important instrumental genre of the Classical period was:
the symphony

The Renaissance represented, among other things, a rebirth of interest in and admiration of the civilizations of
ancient Greece and Rome

Performers often improvised during the Baroque Era.
True

The Trumpet Concerto is Haydn’s only concerto
False

Handel spent most of his adult life in Salzburg, Austria
False

Carols were sung during Medieval times as part of celebrations that occurred throughout the year.
True

An early composer of the polyphonic music was
Pérotin

Which of the following is NOT a member of the brass family?
English horn

The texts of the Proper of the Mass change regularly
True

In a trio sonata, it was common for musicians to substitute a flute for one of the violin parts
True

By the time of the Renaissance, some professional singers were being employed in the larger cathedrals
True

An early center for the development of polyphony was the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris.
True

The term “diatonic” describes melodies or harmonies that are:
built from the notes of the major or minor scale

Much of what we know today about the instruments and performance practice of the Renaissance is due to the work of ___ who produced the Syntagma Musicum and compiled many dance tunes in the use during the period
Michael Praetorius

It was through the musical innovations of the ___ that opera was born
Florentine Camerata

In the eighteenth century, composers were viewed as equals to the highest level of society.
False

During the Baroque era, some boy singers were castrated to preserve the high register of their voices, allowing them to sing high pitched operatic roles.
True

The piano for its name, originally “pianoforte,” from:
its ability to be played with some degree of dynamic contrast

The separate sections of a large musical work are called:
movements

How many movements were typical of Early or Pre-Classical symphonies?
three

The trumpet for which Haydn composed his Trumpet Concerto had
keys

Which of these is not a characteristic of the music of the Classical era?
terraced dynamics

Tempo refers to the
speed of the beats

A pipe organ has one or more keyboards known as
manuals

A troper is the medieval designation for a singer in the church
false

All woodwind instruments have what in common?
Different pitches achieved by opening and closing holes

Which of the following was NOT a recommendation of the Council of Trent?
using more instruments to embellish church music

The test of Ave Maria…virgo serena concerns:
praise of the Virgin Mary

The dominant is an example of an active chord, which can douse tension in music until resolved.
True

All musical cultures of the world divide the octave into twelve equal half steps
false

Later in life, Handel turned his efforts from the opera to:
the oratorio

One of the reasons for the success of the Renaissance motet was its free use of the vernacular languages
false

In many world cultures, secular songs tend to be polyphonic
false

In a fugue, the technique of stating the theme in faster rhythmic values is called:
diminution

The first era of Western music history in which instrumental music was a major focus for composers was the:
Baroque

Music based on the seven tones of a major or minor scale is called:
diatonic

A piano trio is an ensemble of three pianos
False

Most of the surviving music from the early Middle Ages is secular
False

Vivaldi’s solo concertos typically are in four movements
False

Handel’s Messiah is:
an oratorio

Thematic development provides clarity, coherence, and logic to larger musical forms.
True

Music is propelled forward in time by:
rhythm

An oratorio is a dramatic, staged work with elaborate scenery and costumes
False

The famous choral climax of Handel’s Messiah is:
the “Hallelujah Chorus.”

Musical style is best defined as the:
characteristic manner of presentation of a work

Chromatic music is most closely associated with the Classical era
False

In Islamic practice, how many times is the call to prayer sounded in a day?
Five

Polyphony required the development of:
New melodic modes

In what era did the development of polyphony begin to emerge?
Romanesque Era

The earliest type of polyphony was:
Organum

The first major center of polyphony was
Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris

The Notre Dame style of polyphony, in which the tenor line was based on a preexisting chant melody
and the upper voice moved freely (and more rapidly), was called:
Organum

Who is credited with compiling the Great Book of Organum (Magnus liber organi)?
Leonin

Which of the following does NOT describe Gaude Maria virgo?
Accompaniment with musical instruments

The tradition of troubadours and trouvПres developed in
France

Which of the following was NOT a subject reflected in the poems of the troubadours and trouvПres?
Rebirth of Classical learning

Which of the following does NOT describe the Crusades?
Fostered religious tolerance in the West

The outstanding composer-poet of the Ars nova was:
Machaut

The French courtly love song of the Middle Ages was called the:
Chanson

Which of the following composed Ma fin est mon commencement?
Machaut

Which of the following does NOT characterize Ma fin est mon commencement?
It has a monophonic texture

What is the form of a rondeau?
ABaAabAB

The expressive device that Renaissance composers used to pictorialize words musically is called
Word-painting

Which of the following was the most important secular genre of the sixteenth century?
Madrigal

Where was the madrigal first developed?
Italy

The vivid depiction of a text through music, known as word-painting, is a hallmark of the:
Madrigal

Why are the madrigals of Arcadelt so important?
They brought a new level of expression to the madrigal.

Madrigals with simpler and more accessible texts were especially favored in:
England

The invention of the printing press allowed:
a. books to become available to the middle class.
b. people in the middle class to learn how to read music.
c. the spread of education and literacy.
D*** all of the above

Which of the following was a characteristic of medieval art abandoned in the Renaissance?
space organized in a succession of planes

Which genre of vocal music was NOT used in Renaissance church services?
Chanson

What best describes the texture of ideal Renaissance sacred music?
Imitative

The fixed melody used as a basis for elaborate polyphonic writing in the Renaissance was called
A Cantus Firmus

Which early Renaissance composer exerted a powerful influence on generations of composers who
followed?
Josquin Des Prez

The text of Ave Maria . . . virgo serena is:
in praise of the Virgin Mary

The portion of the Mass that remains the same in every celebration of the service is called:
the Ordinary

The portion of the Mass that changes from day to day, depending on the feast celebrated, is called:
the Proper

What was the primary language of the Mass?
Latin

Which of the following are the movements of the Ordinary of the Mass?
Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei

The first section of the Ordinary of the Mass, a plea for mercy, is called the:
Kyrie

Which section of the Ordinary of the Mass is a confession of faith?
Credo

Which of the following was a leader in the Protestant Reformation?
Martin Luther

In the churches of Luther and Calvin, the musical emphasis was on:
Inclusion of instruments in the service

Which composer responded to the reforms of the Council of Trent in an exemplary fashion?
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina

Medieval instruments can be classified as bas or haut, meaning:
Soft or Loud

The ________ is an end-blown flute with a breathy tone.
Recorder

Early instruments used for outdoor performances, such as the shawm and the sackbut, were categorized
as:
Loud

Tielman Susato published music in which major European center?
Antwerp

The depth resulting from simultaneous events in music is described by the term:
Texture

An interval spanning eight notes is called an
Octave

A group of related tones with a common center, a tonic, is called a
Key

In harmony, the ________ is considered a place of rest and return.
Tonic

The three most important triads in diatonic harmony are:
I, IV, and V.

When a melody is transposed to another key, what remains the same?
Shape of melodic line

A texture in which a single voice takes over the melodic interest while the accompanying voices are
subordinate is called:
Homophony

The procedure in which a melodic idea is presented in one voice and then restated in another is called:
Imitation

The basic structural concepts in the element of form are:
Repetition and Contrast

The compositional technique whereby a composer searches out a theme’s capacity for growth and
expansion is known as:
Thematic development

A basic technique in thematic development is the fragmentation of themes into:
Motives

The rate of speed at which a piece of music is played is its:
Tempo

Scat-singing is common in:
Jazz

Which of the following is NOT a double-reed instrument?
Clarinet

Which of the following brass instruments is sometimes played with the performer’s hand plugging the
bell?
French Horn

Which of the following is an unpitched percussion instrument?
Timpani

What is the name for a Balinese or Javanese orchestra made up largely of gongs, drums, and
xylophone-like instruments?
Gamelan

The overall shape of a melody is called its range.
False; it is contour

A phrase is a component unit of a melody.
True

The phrases in the tune Amazing Grace are of unequal length.
False

The melody of The Star-Spangled Banner is best described as conjunct.
True

Polyrhythms are characteristic of musics of many African cultures
True

Harmonic movement in music receives its maximum tension from consonance.
False; consonance

A sharp lowers a musical tone by a half step.
False; raises it

The dominant is an example of an active chord, which can cause tension in music until it is resolved.
True

A single-voiced texture is called monophony.
True

A movement is a complete, comparatively independent division of a large-scale work.
True

Plato felt that music without words was lacking in artistic taste.
True

The violin was highly developed by Italian instrument makers between about 1600 and 1750.
True

The viola is somewhat smaller and higher pitched than the violin.
False; lower pitched

Chamber music is intended for a small group of performers, with one player to a part.
True

A genre is a category or type of music repertory.
True

String instruments are generally played by either bowing or plucking.
True

A type of English entertainment combining music, poetry, and dance was called the:
Oratorio

Luther believed that music belonged to the:
Congregation

What is the form of the chorale tune Wachet auf?
Bar, AAB

Why is Messiah so popular in Britain and America today?
a. It is sung in English.
b. The first part is appropriate for the Christmas season.
c. It combines vocal soloists, chorus, and orchestra.
d. all of the above

________ was born in Germany and studied in Italy, but spent much of his creative life in England.
Handel

The famous choral climax of Handel’s Messiah is:
The “Hallelujah Chorus”

In seventeenth-century New England, the Puritan practice of singing that is based on call and response
was called:
Lining-out

The Alla hornpipe movement from Water Music is characterized by:
Lively duple meter

The solo instrument in Spring, from The Four Seasons, is the:
Violin

The opening movement of Spring, from The Four Seasons, is in ________ form.
Ritornello

The harpsichord is different from the piano because:
a. it sometimes has two keyboards, rather than one.
b. its strings are plucked, rather than struck.
c. it is not capable of a wide dynamic range.
d. all of the above

How many voices, or individual lines, are there in Bach’s Contrapunctus I, from The Art of Fugue?
Four

Which of the following is NOT a type of thematic development?
literally repeating a melody at the same pitch level

In absolute music, the lack of a prescribed story or text to hold the music together makes the element of
________ especially important.
Form

A rondo is most typically found in the ________ movement of a Classical multimovement cycle.
Last

Haydn enjoyed phenomenal musical success with two trips to ________.
London, England

How many symphonies did Haydn compose?
Over 100

Mozart’s Eine kleine Nachtmusik is an example of a:
Serenade

Eine kleine Nachtmusik is:
a. German for A Little Night Music.
c. a symphony for full orchestra.
b. an example of program music.
d. all of the above

We can best regard sonata-allegro form as a drama between:
Two key areas

Which of the following best describes the opening of the first movement of Mozart’s Eine kleine
Nachtmusik?
It has a marchlike character.

The cadenza in the Classical concerto appears:
End of the first movement

Which of the following does NOT describe Mozart’s piano concertos?
He rarely performed his own works, preferring to spotlight his students.

What is the form of the first movement of Mozart’s Piano Concerto in G Major, K. 453?
First-movement concerto form

In his third compositional period, Beethoven
Used more chromatic harmonies

Beethoven gave his Piano Sonata in C-sharp minor, Op. 27, No. 2 the designation:
Quasi una fantasia

The third movement of Beethoven’s Piano Sonata in C-sharp minor, Op. 27, No. 2 is:
Filled with restless emotion

With which symphony did Beethoven begin to expand the possibilities of the genre?
Third

The “Ode to Joy” is the finale of Beethoven’s:
Ninth Symphony

The text of the “Ode to Joy” was written by:
Schiller

How many movements does Beethoven’s Symphony No. 5 have?
Four

Which of the following does NOT describe the final movement of Beethoven’s Symphony No. 5?
The movement ends in despair, just like the first movement.

Which Beethoven symphony was selected to celebrate the fall of the Berlin Wall?
Ninth

The Catalogue Aria from Mozart’s Don Giovanni lists Don Giovanni’s:
Conquests

Mozart’s Requiem was:
His last work, incomplete upon death

The text of Mozart’s Requiem is sung in:
Latin

The German term for the art song is:
Lied

A song form in which the same melody is repeated for every stanza of text is called:
Strophic

Schubert and his friends organized evening gatherings of artists, writers, and musicians, called:
Schubertiads

Robert Schumann’s A Poet’s Love is set to texts by:
Henrich Heine

What nationality was Stephen Foster?
American

Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair is:
Minstrel song

Chopin spent his early years in:
Poland

Chopin spent most of his productive life in:
Paris

Which of the following was a noted woman composer of the Romantic era?
Clara Schumann

In which country was Franz Liszt born?
Austria

Louis Moreau Gottschalk based many of his works on:
South American and Caribbean songs.

The familiar tune quoted near the end of Gottschalk’s work The Banjo is:
Camptown Races

A multimovement, programmatic work for orchestra is called a:
Program symphony

Which of the following is NOT true of Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique?
The program deals entirely with nature

In Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique, what is the idée fixe?
the basic theme of the symphony, heard in every movement

Music written for plays, generally consisting of an overture and a series of pieces to be performed
between acts, is called:
Incidental

Which of the following does NOT characterize a symphonic poem?
It consistently retains Classical form

Which of the following is NOT a type of orchestral program music?
Concerto

The “Mighty Five” were composers from:
Russia

Which of the following was NOT a Russian composer?
Smetana

Morning Mood from Grieg’s Peer Gynt depicts:
His love for his mother

Which young composer did Robert and Clara Schumann take into their home?
Brahms

Brahms wrote ________ symphonies.
Four

Brahms is often described as a(n) ________ because of his use of the forms established by the Classical
masters.
Traditionalist

Which of the following best describes the style of the third movement of Brahms’s Symphony No. 3?
Melancholic waltz

Which of the following was NOT a leading composer of Italian opera?
Bizet

The term bel canto refers to:
a style of singing that features agility and purity of tone.

Verdi’s opera Nabucco was hugely popular in Italy because it
Was interpreted as a sign of Italian independence

Wagner’s total artwork, in which all the arts—music, poetry, drama, visual spectacle—are fused together,
is called:
the Gesamtkunstwerk.

The dominant center of ballet in the early nineteenth century was:
France

Which of the following is NOT a major figure in post-Romanticism?
Brahms

The leading composer of Italian opera in the late-Romantic era was:
Puccini

Puccini’s Madame Butterfly is:
a tragic tale of a Japanese geisha and a U.S. naval officer.

The Japanese shamisen is:
A plucked string instrument

Of which genre is Fauré is considered to be a master?
song

The form of the Libera me from Fauré’s Requiem is:
ABA

Impressionism: Sun Rising, the painting that sparked the Impressionist art movement, was created by:
Monet

Impressionism was a style of painting that was cultivated principally in:
Paris

Which of the following painters was NOT associated with the Impressionist school?
Goya

The whole-tone scale used by Impressionist composers derives from:
Non-western music

The overall form of Debussy’s Prelude to “The Afternoon of a Faun” is best described as:
ABA

What is unusual about the opening of Debussy’s Prelude to “The Afternoon of a Faun”?
It opens with a flute solo in the velvety lower register.

African slaves in the nineteenth century created a genre of religious song called:
spirituals

The spiritual Swing Low, Sweet Chariot reflects qualities of which tradition(s)?
a. Native American
c. European American
b. African American
d. all of the above

Which American composer became known as the “King of Ragtime”?
Joplin

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Music Appreciation Final Pt. 1. (2017, Dec 21). Retrieved from http://paperap.com/paper-on-music-appreciation-final-pt-1/

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