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A community of individuals more or less legion. for good busying a definite part of district. independent of external control. and possessing an organized authorities to which the great organic structure of its dwellers render accustomed obeisance ( De Leon. 2000 ) .
The Philippines is a province.
Elementss of a State
The first component of a province is the people.
which is known to be the most indispensable and indispensable component of a province. This is the mass of the population. or the figure of people populating within the province. There is no specific figure of people required life within a province so that it could be called a province.
The 2nd component is the district. which is the constituted country that justly belongs to the people of the province.
This is the aerial ( air ) . tellurian ( land ) . fluvial ( stream/river ) . and maritime ( H2O ) domains of the province.
The 3rd component is the authorities. which is the bureau to which the will of the province is expressed. created and administered. This is a group of people or establishments which run and rule the society.
The 4th component is the sovereignty. which is known as the supreme power of the province to command and implement obeisance its will from the people.
Harmonizing to Article One. National Territory.
of The 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines: “The national district comprises the Philippine archipelago. with all the islands and Waterss embraced therein. and all other districts over which the Philippines has sovereignty or legal power. consisting of its terrestrial. fluvial and aerial spheres. including its territorial sea. the ocean floor. the undersoil. the insular shelves. and other pigboat countries. The Waterss around. between. and linking the islands of the archipelago. regardless of their comprehensiveness and dimensions. organize portion of the internal Waterss of the Philippines. ”
This means that all the country that is encompassed by 185 kilometres ( 100 maritime stat mis ) from the Philippine shore. under the seabed even. is a district of the Philippines. This is sometimes besides known as the “Philippine Area of Responsibility” . a term used by PAG-ASA and other conditions bureaus to find for illustration. if a typhoon or a Low Pressure Area has entered our district.
Fundamental law of the Philippines
The fundamental law of the Philippines is the most of import portion of a province. The national district and all the cardinal laws- the set of regulations and principles- can be found here. The Constitution besides enunciates province rules and policies. Among the rules and policies embodied in the Fundamental law are:
( 1 ) Sovereignty of the people ;
( 2 ) Repudiation of war as an instrument of national policy ;
( 3 ) Domination of civilian authorization over the military ;
( 4 ) Service and protection of the people as the premier responsibility of the Government ;
( 5 ) Separation of Church and State ;
( 6 ) Guarantee of human rights ;
( 7 ) Separation of power among the assorted subdivisions of authoritiess ; and
( 8 ) Autonomy for local authorities units.
One of the cardinal constituents of the Constitution is the Bill of Rights. which declares and enumerates the basic rights and autonomies of the people which the authorities ( or any individual ) is out to go against or infringe upon. Among the rights granted by the Fundamental law are:
( 1 ) Due procedure of jurisprudence and equal protection ;
( 2 ) Right against unreasonable hunt and ictus ;
( 3 ) Right of privateness ;
( 4 ) Freedom of address. of look. and of the imperativeness ;
( 5 ) Freedom of faith ;
( 6 ) Autonomy of residence and travel ;
( 7 ) Right to information on affairs of public concern ;
( 8 ) Right to organize associations for intents non contrary to jurisprudence ;
( 9 ) Right to a merely compensation when private belongings is taken for public usage ;
( 10 ) Right against damage of contract ;
( 11 ) Freedom of entree to the tribunals ;
( 12 ) Rights refering to individuals under probe ;
( 13 ) Right against inordinate bond ;
( 14 ) Rights of the accused in condemnable instances ; and
( 15 ) Right to speedy temperament of instances.
It has been revised seven times. get downing from The 1899 Malolos Constitution. which was approved by so President Emilio Aguinaldo on December 23. 1898 and promulgated on January 21. 1899. and so the Philippine Organic Act of 1912 enacted into jurisprudence by the United States Congress on July 1. 1902. Next was The Jones Law of 1916. enacted into jurisprudence by the United States Congress on August29. 1916. followed by The 1935 Constitution. which was approved by the 1934 Constitutional Convention on February 8. 1935. certified by the President of the United States on March 25. 1935. and ratified by plebiscite on May 14. 1935. This was amended two times. on June 18 1940 and March 11. 1947.
The 1943 Constitution. was approved by the Preparatory Committee on Philippine Independence on September 4. 1943 and ratified by the KALIBAPI convention on September 7. 1943. Following this is The 1973 Constitution. which was proclaimed in force by Proclamation by so President Ferdinand Marcos on January 17. 1973. This was amended three times. on October 16-17. 1976. January 30. 1980 and April 7. 1981. The present fundamental law. which is The 1987 Constitution. was foremost presented to so President Cory C. Aquino as The 1986 Freedom Constitution on October 15. 1986. This was approved by the Constitutional Commission on October 12. 1986. It was ratified by a plebiscite on February 2. 1987 and proclaimed in force by February 11. 1987.
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