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Philippine Literature

Letter
The word literature is derived from the Latin term “litera” which means
Letter

Prose
A form of language which applies ordinary grammatical structure and natural flow of speech rather than rhythmic structure
Prose

The Monkey and The Turtle
A sample of fable in Philippine Literature
The Monkey and The Turtle

The Bikol Legend by Pio Duran
A sample of fictitious narrative about origins in Philippine Literature
The Bikol Legend by Pio Duran

Fancisco Balagtas
The writer of an awit/song – Florante at Laura
Fancisco Balagtas

Folk Songs
These are short poems intended to be sung. The common theme is love, despair, grief, doubt, joy, hope and sorrow.
Folk Songs

Pre-Spanish Period
The period where literature is mostly characterized by Legends, Folk Tales, The Epic Stage, Folk Songs, Epigrams, Riddles, Chants, Maxims, Proverbs or Sayings.
Pre-Spanish Period

Malayo-Polynesian alphabet/ Alibata
The first alphabet used by Philippine ancestors was similar to
Malayo-Polynesian alphabet/ Alibata

Pedro Bukaneg
The writer of BIAG-Ni Lam-Ang
Pedro Bukaneg

Epigrams
This type of literature has been customarily used and served as laws or rules on good behavior by Philippine ancestors during Pre-Spanish times
Epigrams

Spanish Period
The period where literature is greatly influenced by religious practices

Doctrina Cristiana
This was the first book printed in the Philippines in 1593 in xylography. It was written by Fr. Juan de Placencia and Fr. Domingo Nieva, in Tagalog and Spanish
Doctrina Cristiana

Urbana at Felisa
A book by Modesto de Castro, the so called Father of Classic Prose in Tagalog
Urbana at Felisa

Cenaculo
This is a dramatic performance to commemorate the passion and death of Jesus Christ
Cenaculo

The Enlightenment Period
The period where “The Propaganda Movement’ was formed and was spearheaded mostly by the intellectual middle-class writers
The Enlightenment Period

Noli Me Tangere
This was the novel that gave spirit to the propaganda movement and paved the way to the revolution against Spain. It exposed the Spanish-run government in the Philippines
Noli Me Tangere

Marcelo H. Del Pilar
He established the Diariong Tagalog in 1883 where he exposed the evils of the Spanish government in the Philippines
Marcelo H. Del Pilar

American Regime/ Period
The period where Filipino writers went into all forms of literature like news, reporting, poetry, stories, plays, essays, and novels .Their writings clearly depicted their love of country and their longings for independence
American Regime/ Period

Severino Reyes
Father of the Tagalog drama and author of the immortal “Walang Sugat”
Severino Reyes

Juan Crisostomo Soto
The Father of Kapampangan Literature
Juan Crisostomo Soto

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