CHapter 12 test history

Topics: America
Reform movements emerged in America in the mid-nineteenth century in part because of a
desire for social stability and discipline in the face of change.

In the mid-nineteenth century, romanticism
None of these answers is correct.

In the mid-nineteenth century, the general European attitude toward American art and literature
was that American artists had little to offer Europe.

The Hudson River school of painters emphasized in their work the importance of
natural beauty

All of the following painters were associated with the Hudson River school
THomas Cole, Frederick Church, Albert Bierstadt, Asher Durand, NOTTTTT James Whistler

Which of the following features was NOT a characteristic of the Hudson River school?
a belief that democracy was the best source of wisdom and spiritual fulfillment

All of the following people helped create a distinct American literature EXCEPT
Sydney Smith.

Through novels such as The Last of the Mohicans, James Fenimore Cooper examined the significance of
America’s Westward expansion

Walt Whitman
celebrated the liberation of the individual

Herman Melville’s most important literary work was
Moby Dick

Edgar Allan Poe’s most famous poem, which established him as a major literary figure, was
The Raven

The tradition of American regional humor established by the southern literary realists found its most powerful voice in the works of
Mark Twain

regarded reason to be the most important human faculty

The transcendentalist writer Ralph Waldo Emerson
asserted that through nature, individuals could find personal fulfillment

The transcendentalist Henry David Thoreau
argued that Americans had the moral right to disobey laws of the U.

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The transcendentalist movement
anticipated the environmental protection movement of the 20th century

The primary goal of the 1840s community experiment known as Brook Farm was to
permit all individuals to realize their full potential as individuals

Who among the following was NOT a participant in American communal living?
Walt Whitman

One of the most enduring of the pre-Civil War utopian colonies was

In redefining gender roles, the experimental 1840s Oneida Community
carefully monitored sexual behavior to protect women

Which of the following was arguably the most distinctive feature of Shakerism?
complete celibacy

Shaker societies
saw women excercise more power than men

believed in human perfectibility

Which statement about Mormonism is FALSE?
It advocated sexual equality

Nineteenth-century Protestant revivalists such as the New Light revivalists
formed a crusade against personal immorality

In the 1840s, the organized movement against drunkenness in the United States
linked alcohol to crime and poverty

In the nineteenth century, cholera epidemics in the United States
typically killed more than half of those that contracted the disease

According to the nineteenth-century “science” of phrenology, what could be discerned from the shape of an individual’s skull?
character and intelligence

During the nineteenth century, the largest obstacle to improved medical care in America was the
absence of basic knowledge about disease

In the 1840s in the United States, an initial understanding of germ theory was developed by
Oliver Wendell Holmes

Prior to 1860, public education in the United States
gave the nation the highest literacy rate in the world

The nineteenth-century reformer Horace Mann believed that education should promote

The Massachusetts reformer who built a national movement for new methods of treating the mentally ill was
Dorothea Dix

Prior to 1860, prison reform in the United States
Included the practice of solitary confinement

The nineteenth-century practice of placing American Indians on reservations was partially designed to
isolate and protect the Indians from white society, help “regenerate” them, and allow them to develop to a point where they could assimilate into white society.

isolate and protect the Indians from white society, help “regenerate” them, and allow them to develop to a point where they could assimilate into white society.

The 1848 Seneca Falls, New York, convention on women’s rights
Issued a manifesto patterned after the Declaration of Independence

Prior to the Civil War, the religious denomination most active in feminism was the

Which of the following nineteenth-century leaders is primarily known for her pioneering work in the American feminist movement?
Elizabeth Cady Stanton

In the early nineteenth century, the American Colonization Society
was founded by Virginians who opposed slavery

The American Colonization Society helped to transport blacks from the United States to

William Lloyd Garrison believed the abolitionist movement should
stress the damage that slavery did to blacks rather than whites

Prior to the Civil War, free blacks in the North tended to be
strongly opposed to southern slavery

The black abolitionist who called for uncompromising opposition to and a violent overthrow of slavery in his 1829 An Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World was
David Walker

Frederick Douglass
spent years lecturing in ENgland against slavery

In the 1840s, abolitionists in the United States constituted
a small percentage of the united states

One leading abolitionist who was murdered for his activism was
Elijah Lovejoy

In the 1830s and 1840s, abolitionists were divided
-by radicals and moderates within their ranks.
-over whether or not to use violence.
-by calls for northern and southern separation.
-over the question of female equality.

In the 1840s, William Lloyd Garrison spoke against
defensive wars

The Supreme Court ruling in Prigg v. Pennsylvania (1842)
led to the passage of “personal liberty” laws

Prior to the Civil War, the Liberty Party
promoted “free soil”

The effect of Uncle Tom’s Cabin on the nation was to
spread the message of abolitionism to an enormous new audience

The mid-nineteenth-century “age of reform” was characterized by a simultaneous attraction to ideas of both personal liberty and social order.

Above all, nineteenth-century reform movements in the United States promoted racial equality.

Hudson River school artists felt America had more promise than Europe.

Many of the Hudson River school artists expressed a nostalgic view of nature.

James Fenimore Cooper thought Americans should become more like Europeans.

Herman Melville was less exuberant in his celebration of America than was Walt Whitman.

Edgar Allan Poe’s writings focused on the bleak nature of the human spirit and emotion.

Mark Twain was the leading writer in the southern romantic tradition.

American transcendentalists borrowed heavily from European thinkers.

Ralph Waldo Emerson was both a minister and a transcendentalist philosopher.

Henry David Thoreau favored the solitary life, but not civil disobedience.

Both Brook Farm and New Harmony were essentially failures as communal experiments.

The Oneida Community sought to redefine gender roles and engage in “free love”.

Both the Oneida Community and the Shakers were committed to celibacy.

Like other mid-nineteenth-century experiments in social organization, Mormons believed in human perfectibility.

The Mormons were forced to abandon their settlement at Nauvoo due to persecution from neighbors.

Evangelical Protestantism was at odds with the reform spirit of the pre-Civil War period.

Those alarmed by immigration in the mid-nineteenth century were often drawn to the temperance movement.

Nearly a quarter of the population of New Orleans died in 1833 as a result of a cholera outbreak.

Sylvester Graham encouraged people to eat more fruits and vegetables and less meat.

The study of the human brain through phrenology was the origin of modern psychology.

Most early nineteenth-century American physicians opposed medical innovations and experimentation.

By the 1850s, the principle of tax-supported elementary schools had been established in every state.

By 1860, public schools in the United States had failed to produce significant improvement in education.

By the beginning of the Civil War, the United States had one of the highest literacy rates of any nation of the world.

Horace Mann believed public education should promote both democracy and social order.

Reformers of the pre-Civil War period thought it was possible to rehabilitate criminals through solitary confinement.

Reformers believed the concept of Indian reservations was beneficial to both whites and Indians.

By the 1840s, Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott sought to apply the equality of treatment they received in the abolition movement to all aspects of female life.

The Seneca Falls “Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions” included a demand that women have the right to vote.

The American Colonization Society called for the gradual freeing of slaves and for monetary compensation to their former owners.

Many blacks rejected the American Colonization Society’s offer to “return” them to Africa.

In the North, abolitionists were a small, dissenting minority of the total population.

William Lloyd Garrison was assassinated for his advocacy of abolitionism.

William Lloyd Garrison was a harsh critic of the United States government.

The abolitionist cause suffered a set-back as a result of the 1842 Supreme Court ruling in Prigg v. Pennsylvania.

The antislavery Liberty Party never campaigned for outright abolitionism.

Americans in the Free-Soil movement sought to open up sections of the West to blacks.

The events depicted in Uncle Tom’s Cabin were taken from news accounts.

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CHapter 12 test history. (2018, Jan 23). Retrieved from

CHapter 12 test history
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