Many people think that coffee consumption and the coffee industry are harmful to the health of people, industry workers, and the environment, while others believe that coffee brings many benefits. There is a huge number of opinions that the coffee trade does not benefit society, but only harms. Every year more and more people want to correct these situations, try to help the planet, create eco plantations and so on. Coffee production spends a huge amount of resources. First of all, it concerns water resources.
Coffee production brings more benefits than harm, for example, to the economies of many countries. In this essay, we consider all the arguments for and against the coffee trade.
Coffee is most often drunk in the morning for a quick recovery after sleep due to the beneficial stimulating properties of caffeine. The argument that is harmful to humans. The stimulating effect leads to an increase in mental and physical performance, reducing fatigue and drowsiness. Large doses, however, can lead to depletion of nerve cells.
The action of caffeine (as well as other psychoactive drugs) largely depends on the type of higher nervous activity: therefore, the dosage of caffeine must be made taking into account the individual characteristics of nervous activity. Of course, coffee is invigorating, but caffeine causes a slight dependence.
Coffee also washes out calcium and prevents its absorption in the intestines. And the loss of this component of our body makes bones fragile. But if you already use calcium (with meals), then you can afford 1-2 cups of coffee a day (Easto.
, 2017). However, the argument is that coffee is good for health. Coffee helps to develop theophylline element that is important for the body, which reduces the level and dilates the thin vessels, which helps to improve blood flow. Antioxidants cleanse the walls of blood vessels and reduce blood pressure, which is excellent prevention and treatment of heart disease, stroke, heart attack. Tannins have a firming property (Zio Lights, 2013).
The effect of coffee on blood pressure has been discussed for many years because of its initial and temporary increase in blood pressure. However, the question has not yet received a clear assessment. A Finnish study of 27,719 healthy men and women showed that after 13 years of age, the risk of hypertension, heart attacks, and heart disease increased by 14% (Schapira., 1982).
Another problem with coffee is that it is produced in an unfair way. Many of its workers are exploited and dont see the profits. Many of its workers are exploited and dont see the profits. The argument is that coffee production must be stopped. For example, in the harvest season, working children are an abundant and easily used source of cheap labor and contribute to lower wages.
In order to meet the daily production norm and receive their meager wages, employees of some farms are forced to bring their children to work with them. Oxfam estimates in Kenya, 30% of the coffee pickers serving the plantations are up to 15 years old. There is also a big problem with salaries and working conditions. Coffee pickers can earn as little as $ 2-3 a day in places like Nicaragua. Due to losses in the production of coffee due to leaf rust, more than 370000 coffee jobs were lost during the last crop in several countries of Central America and the Caribbean. Reducing the demand for coffee pickers due to the rust of coffee leaves can increase the migration of workers to cities and to other countries in search of work (Pomberton., 2018).
However, others feel that economic benefits are linked to the coffee trade. Coffee farmers in Costa Rica, coffee growers, have invested in ovens that work on discarded husks of coffee beans that they roasted. This has reduced the number of trees cut down for firewood. UCAs Nicaraguan Cooperative has built a pre-school facility using the premium it received for its coffee. Fairtrade bans child labor, Fairtrade means zero tolerance for child labor, and the organization seeks to put an end to this practice. Children under 18 years old are not allowed to work, which puts them at risk or their training and children under 15 should not work in organizations Fairtrade (Easto., 2017).
Finally, the environmental concerns about the coffee trade are significant. Synthetic pesticides and fertilizers have become widely used in agriculture. Due to increased market demand in recent years, this innocuous form of agriculture has been replaced by growing in the sun methods. Coffee is produced on plantations, where forestry is cleaned so that coffee is grown in rows like a monoculture without a canopy. The sun and coffee combined with the necessary addition of fertilizer creates the highest yield of coffee, but eliminates the variety of plants that support many insects and animals, causing a detrimental effect on the biodiversity of the region, as well as other environmental factors that are harmful.
Deforestation was positively recommended to farmers to replace their traditional and presumably inefficient farming methods with more efficient sun-growing techniques, which resulted in more than 2.5 million acres of forest cleared in Central America alone. Agrochemicals. These heavy synthetic fertilizers contribute to increased pollution of waterways and aquifers.
However, others feel that with Fair Trade, coffee can be produced responsibly (Pomberton., 2018). To qualify for Fairtrade certification, organizations must comply with strict environmental standards. Farmers are advised to move towards organic production and protect the local environment through the minimal and safe use of agrochemicals, manage erosion and waste management properly, maintain soil fertility, avoid intentional use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) (Easto., 2017).
Although it is true that there are many problems with trading coffee in the world market, it is too large and brings too much benefit to people all over the world, for example, it helps the economies of coffee importing countries to grow into a large market. With some changes, it will be a vital industry in terms of human health, the economy and the environment. However, the production of coffee is an essential part of the economy in the world, as the consumption of this drink occurs in the org of the amount.