This research is motivated by rapid technological developments to create business opportunities through technology increasingly. The website becomes important as platforms deliver information to users in a wide range of information about a company (company profile) until the customer service. One current trend is a provider of transportation services online. Grab as one based transportation services provider online service accessible websites for consumers to support services offered to costumers. This study aims to determine the quality of the website Grab customer satisfaction.
Based on the type of research, including research into the types of causality research. Sampling technique in this study is using purposive sampling technique and the number of samples in this study as many as 100 respondents to the people who live in Bandung and ever used website Grab. Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:W Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:o Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:u Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:o Comment by Grammarly: Deleted: the Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:the
Technological developments the last few years is so fast, creating business opportunities through technology more promising.
People create technology to encourage or support activities conducted by individuals and companies to be more effective and efficient (Ahmad, 2015). In the world, Internet user growth from year to year has increased to 200 million users from 2015 and then, according to the report State of Connectivity: A Report on the Global Internet Access created by Facebook which means there are now about 3.4 billion internet users in the world. See from the human population has reached 7.
4 billion. It means, that the internet has been almost used by 50 percent population of.
According to information, www.internetworldstats.com shows the percentage of Internet users in the world that consists of 7 (seven) of the continent in 2016. From this figure, it can be seen that most users come from Asia at 49.6% increased 1.8% compared to 2015 47.8%. It is influenced by the rise of Asia as the main contribution to the internet population in the world. Indonesia into the top 10 with ranks to 6 (six) in the world in terms of Internet users. The population of Internet users in Indonesia is growing very rapidly. WeAreSocial Based on published data, there are now 88.1 million people in Indonesia who use the internet from a total population of 259 million people.
Data quoted from Digital, Social, and Mobile Report in 2016, explained that the active user in Indonesia increased by 15 percent than in January 2015. Activities were made public in various kinds of Internet usage. According to data from the Association of Indonesian Internet Service Provider (APJII) shows the activity of searching for information is located on the second position after using social networking activity that is equal to 68.7%. Percentage looking information is not much use of social networking. However, this is an opportunity for businesses to provide information to market products and services they have through the website.
The website often called Web or www (world wide web), can be interpreted a collection of pages that display various kinds of information text, data, images or motion, animation data, voice, video or a combination of all of them, whether it’s nature static and dynamic. The growth of Information Technology (IT) is growing rapidly led to the emergence of various websites and make the website as an integral part of an organization or company in terms of service for users. One current trend is a provider of transportation services online. Grab is one of the online-based transportation services providers. Indonesia has become the best market for service providers based transportation applications. Grab Indonesian company has a website service that serves as a medium for providing information to consumers about what services they are selling. Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:s Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:a Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:W Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:G Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:a
In the picture above can be explained that according to alexa.com is an amazon.com site belongs to collect data such as users in the internet surfing habits and sends it to Alexa data center, where the data is stored and analyzed, so that became the basis of web traffic reports provided by the company to its customers shows that the website visitors Grab decreased each month. In November 2016 the number of visitors was under 10 thousand in which it declined in the last 3 months.In this study the authors conducted a preliminary survey of 30 respondents to the service users on the website Grab any obstacle that most felt by users of the service website Grab. From the result of the declining number of visitors and several complaints were still being felt by consumers who use the services website Grab, then the Grab needs to improve the services of the website. Because the service is perceived to have an impact on customer satisfaction.
Therefore, to achieve customer satisfaction, quality service is the key to customer satisfaction measurement. Kotler and Keller (2012: 37) say ‘If the product’s or service performance falls short of expectations, the customer is dissatisfied. If performance matches expectations, the customer is satisfied. If performance exceeds expectations, the customer is highly satisfied or delighted’ which means that if the performance of the product or service falls short of expectations, the customer is not satisfied. If the performance according to expectations, the customer is satisfied. If performance exceeds expectations, the customer is very satisfied or pleased.
Previous research has suggested that service quality directly affects customer satisfaction and customer satisfaction with the website have a positive impact (Billy Bai, 2008, Chen and Cheng, 2009). Barnes and Vidgen (2001) had been claimed that the quality of website services can only be seen from a consumer standpoint. Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:ere Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:s
Tjiptono (2011:59) says that the service quality is the expected level of excellence over the level of excellence to meet consumer desires. According Pujawan (2011:97) defines service quality as a result of the perception and compare between consumer expectations with the actual performance of services there are two main factors that affect the service quality, which is expected service (experience expected) and perceived service (service received).
WebQual methods have been developed since 1998 by Barnes and Vidgen on e-commerce websites and e-government. Barnes and Vidgens (2002) state that WebQual is one method or technique of measuring the quality of a website based on the perception of active users (end user). This method is the development of SERVQUAL is widely used previously on measuring the quality of services in general. WebQual based on the concept Quality Function Development (QFD) is ‘structured and disciplined process that Provides a means to identify and carry the voice of the customer through each stage of product and or service development and implementation’ which can be interpreted as a structured process and disciplined serving means to identify and bring the voice of the consumer through every stage of the development and implementation of a product or service. Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:s
WebQual has experienced interactions in the preparation and grain dimension statement (Barnes and Vidgens, 2002: 114). WebQual version 1.0 was developed in the domain of website business schools in the United Kingdom (UK). Organized a workshop with participants six Masters students as delegates. The goal in this first development which collects quality criteria in accordance with the object under investigation. Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:ve
WebQual 2.0 was applied to the website Business to Customer (B2C). The addition of the second development is the quality aspect of interaction with the basic literature mentions that the delivery service is that users interact directly with the service. Dimensional quality of these interactions was developed based on the concept of SERVQUAL and domain online bookstore. At 3.0 WebQual quality indicators are categorized into three categories: quality of the site, the quality of information and the quality of the interaction.
Instruments WebQual 3.0 was applied to an online auction website. An WebQual 4.0 variable usability has been greatly expanded, it can be seen in the indicators that put more emphasis on user perceptions rather than the website designer that uses three measurement categories with 22 of the questions. The third category is the usability, information, and service interaction. Usability category, based on the study of the relationship between humans and computers and a study on web usability. Among the ease of navigation, design suitability and images presented to the user. Category information assessed on the basis of information systems in general. This category relates to the quality of information systems in general. This category relates to the quality of the website content is information for the user’s purpose, such as to the accuracy, format, the relevance of the information presented. Category of service interaction related to the interaction of perceived service when users deeply engaged with the website. Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:kepantauan
Kotler and Keller (2012:37) say “ If the product’s or service performance falls short of expectations, the customer is dissatisfied. If performance matches expectations, the customer is satisfied. If performance exceeds expectations, the customer is highly satisfied or delighted” Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:s
Barnes and Vidgens (2002) state that WebQual is one method or technique of measuring the quality of a website based on the perception of active of users (end user). While consumer satisfaction according to Kotler and Keller (2012: 37) says ‘If the product’s performance falls short of expectations, the customer is dissatisfied. If performance matches expectations, the customer is satisfied. If performance exceeds expectations, the customer is highly satisfied or delighted”.WebQual that used is the latest version 4.0 has three measurement categories with 22 questions. The third category is the usability, information and service interaction. Based on the above explanation, the researchers make the framework as shown below:
Based on the framework that has been created, then the hypothesis in this study is ‘Website Grab service quality effects on consumer satisfaction.’ Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:a
The type of research used by the researchers is descriptive and causal research with quantitative methods. According to Sekaran (2011), descriptive research is research to know and be able to explain the characteristics of the studied variables in a situation. The study is to determine the causal relations (Sugiyono, 2012). According Sugiyono (2014) methods of quantitative research is a research method that is based on the philosophy of positivism, is used to examine the population or a particular sample, the sampling technique is generally done at random, data collection using research instruments, data analysis is quantitative or statistical purposes to test the hypothesis that has been set. Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:s Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:: 158 Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:: 37 Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:: 8
Variable research is an attribute or the nature or value of a person, object or activity which may have certain variations defined by the researchers to learn and then drawn conclusions (Sugiyono, 2014). In this research there are two variables: Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:: 38
Methods of data collection conducted by the authors are as follows:
In this study, the preliminary observations made to determine any matter contained in the quality of service that is the way to understand the transport phenomena online observed up and down the number of visitors is on alexa.com database during the last 3 months and supported by information based on previous research using the same method. Furthermore, the authors conducted a test by spreading the initial questionnaire to determine what barriers are there. Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:,
According to Sugiyono (2014: 142), the questionnaire is a technique of data collection is done by giving a set of questions or statements in writing to the respondent to answer. In this study, questionnaires were distributed to 100 respondents online that contains 25 questions with answer options used are from strongly agree (SS) to strongly disagree (STS) or in scale intervals ranging score 1-5.
Literature study in this research is to find information related to the research by reading books, national and international journals, and thesis.
Based on the table above can be seen that the average score of the total respondents to the dimensions of Usability ) amounted to 369, or 75.8%, which means that the dimension Usability ) is in a category agreed and included into the good category. The dimension of Information Quality ) has an average total score of 378, or 75.6%, which means that the dimensions of the Information Quality ) are in a category agreed and included into the good category. Dimension Interaction Quality ) have an average total score of 370, or 74%, which means that the dimension Interaction Quality ) are in a category agreed and included into the good category. Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:are Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:D Comment by Grammarly: Deleted:ve
Based on the results of the regression analysis calculated using IBM SPSS version 21 can be arranged table as follows.
Multiple linear regression equation can be explained as follows:
The coefficient of determination (R Square) showed a value of 40.9%, meaning that this value indicates that the variable quality of service consisting of Usability, Information Quality, and Interaction Quality have an impact on consumer satisfaction variable 40.9% and the remaining 59.1% influenced other factors not examined in this study.
it is known that the value of F = 22.107 so that it meets the criteria accepted Fhitung 22.107 > Ftabel and the Sig. 0.000 < 0.05. It can be concluded that there are significant simultaneously (simultaneous) between the dimensions of service quality website Grab is Usability, Information Quality and Interaction Quality on consumer satisfaction.