The Four Cardinal Virtues of the Lakota

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What were ‘the four cardinal virtues of the Alaska” that Sitting Bull embodied? Why do you think that one fellow tribesman remarked that there “was something in Sitting Bull that everyone liked”? Describe how this great Sioux leader also represented the ‘three distinct personalities” that the jota valued. The “the four cardinal virtues of the Alaska” that Sitting Bull possessed was bravery, fortitude, generosity, and wisdom. These four virtues are characteristics that most leaders we see today have and past leaders held.

Tintinnabulation or Sitting Bull demonstrated these virtues at a very young GE and they were precursors to becoming the chief of the Hunt kappa Alaska Sioux tribe. At the age of fourteen, Sitting Bull had not proven his courage but he was known as Slow for his deliberate and willful ways. But after a war party to find horses and scalps of the enemy tribe, the Crow tribe, Slow became a village hero by striking a fleeing Crow member with a tomahawk and showing his bravery at such a young age.

Slow, mounted on a sturdy gray horse his father had given him, his naked body painted yellow from head to foot and hung with colorful strands of beads, shrieked a war cry and eloped in pursuit. The powerful gray swiftly overtook the quarry. Pulling abreast, Slow smashed his adversary with a tomahawk and knocked him from his mount. ” (Page: 5) At the age of fourteen now, teenager’s biggest challenge is just starting high school while Sitting Bull started his list of many military victory.

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Slow then became Sitting Bull and received his feathered lanced from his mother and a shield with the symbol that he saw in a dream from his father.

The name Sitting Bull was not only a name passed down from his father but also was a name that would still live to this day because of Sitting Bull’s leadership and resistance to the whites. As Sitting Bull grew older, he showed the four cardinal virtues of bravery, fortitude, generosity, and wisdom countless times. Sitting Bull also showed his suitability for being a leader by the appreciation the tribe members had for Sitting Bull. “There was something in Sitting Bull that everybody liked, children liked him because he was kind, the women because he was kind to the family and liked to settle family troubles.

Men liked him because he was brave. Medicine men liked him because they knew he was a man they could consider a leader. ” (Page: 5-6) This is very crucial to Sitting Bull success because a person who is extremely well-liked can be trusted and the Sioux people trusted him in battle. Sitting Bull was a person that everyone liked because he had confidence in himself and showed it through his bravery. Also, Sitting Bull proved to his villagers and people that they could be comfortable under his leadership. By helping with family problems, Sitting Bull showed effective ways to resolve problems.

By being kind to children, Sitting Bull proved that he would protect the children as if they were his own. And by displaying he was a great leader to he medicine men who were highly respected, Sitting Bull showed that he was an appropriate leader of the Alaska. Along with Sitting Bull character development, he always formed three distinct personalities. First, Sitting Bull developed into an exceptional warrior and huntsman. Sitting Bull has numerous examples of his excellent combat and seeking, it is shown with his number of honors by high ranked village members.

He was also, boastful for his deeds but a person of his caliber can justify bragging. Sitting Bull’s second personality a holy man. Another personality was the holy man suffused with evergreen and mysticism, communing constantly with Weakening, the Great Mysterious, dreaming sacred dreams and carrying out rites and ceremonies the mandated, entreating for the welfare of his people, offering sacrifices ranging from a buffalo carcass to his own flesh. ” (Page: 6) Being a holy man, people would believe Sitting Bull would lead in the way of their gods.

Lastly, Sitting Bull’s last distinct personality and the one I think is the most important, Was that he was a good tribesman. Any successful leader have morals and fight for the people he represents. Sitting Bull is described as “A man of undines, generosity¶y’, and humility, instantaneous in dress and bearing, composer and singer of songs, a friend of children and old people, peacemaker, sportsman, gentle humorist, wise counselor, and leader. ” (Page: 6) All of these personalities are integral to Sitting Bull’s rise to leadership and eventually to his tragic death.

How did Red Cloud and Sitting Bull differ in their reaction to the Fort Laramie Treaty? Which one of them do you think was right and why? Which of the two great Sioux leaders did Crazy Horse support? Red Cloud and Sitting Bull were both two great leaders but had two entirely efferent views about the advancement of the white men on their land. Red Cloud passively gave into the Fort Laramie Treaty that gave Indians the Powder River country and called it “Uncured Indian country. ” But Sitting Bull headstrong never signed the treaty because he wanted no affiliation with whites except the ones who traded guns, goods, and ammunition.

But both paths ended badly at the end. Red Cloud represented the people who decided to live in the reservation and accept the government. Sitting Bull was the chief of the Lasts who resisted the government and tried to bring back old life. Sitting Bull’s group became known as “hostiles” to the white people. But Sitting Bull decided to be defensive in protecting his land against the whites. This strategy was shown against the Northern Pacific Railroad. In these troubles against the Alaska and Cheyenne, Sitting Bull showed his fearlessness once more and most memorably.

Fighting against Northern Pacific Railroad engineers and cavalry guardians, Sitting Bull walked nonchalantly walked in front of crossing fire and had a smoke party with other terrified Indians. But resisting the creation of the railroad did not work and only gave the government more reason to attack the tribes. The serration and non-reservation Indians had a period of no deliberate assaults but both groups would face an awful punishment. Because the Great Sioux Reservation was located in the Black Hills, it was a desired area because of the mines. Sitting Bull refused to give up the land and it only gave the government one choice, force.

So eventually, the land was overtaken. Because of the same end result from Red Clod and Sitting Bull, their decision were almost the same. But Sitting Bull only tried to delay the inevitable by resisting the railroads and white men. By being passive, Red Cloud saved his people from some trouble that burdened them. Sitting Bull’s aggressive manner did not help the Sioux in the end because the army could over power the Indians no matter what. It was Sitting Bull’s pride of his tribe and people led him to such a high position and ultimately led to his tragic downfall.

Maybe if he passively gave into to the government, the government might have gave Indians a little more land or killed less people. Red Cloud made the better decision because he realized his defeat and not live in denial until his death like Sitting Bull. Crazy Horse supported Sitting Bull decision because he urged the Sioux and Cheyenne to attack the Northern Pacific Railroad workers. What “hard dilemma” did President Grant face after the discovery of gold in the Black Hills? Why did this conflict between miners and Indians result in the Great Sioux War of 1976? What role did Sitting Bull play in the Battle of Little Big Horn?

President Grant was faced with a tough challenge when gold was discovered in the mines that the Indians resided in. The Treaty of 1868 rightfully gave the Indians that land without question. But miners still chose to mine the hills and protested for the government to allow an invasion of the reservation Indians. At the time, Sitting Bull and his non-reservation men decided to no longer old an offensive fort but chose to only attack in defense if the white man tried to take land of the Indians. And because of the daunting intimidation Sitting Bull had over the reservation chiefs, they refused to sell the land.

The government decided the way to buy the land was stop the resistance of the non-reservation Indians. The government justified its attack on the independent bands by claiming they lived on unscreened land because they did not sign the Treaty of 1868. This was enough for the military to strike the “hostiles”. This excuse became the foundation of the Great Sioux War. Sitting Bull and his fellow chiefs were unaware of the incoming war and did not want to fight the white military. But the American soldiers ended up invading the Sioux people. Then, on March 17, 1876, cavalry stormed through a village on Powder River, killing two and wounding several others; now the hunting bands knew the Long Knives had declared war. ” (Page: 1 2) Sitting Bull had a much different role in the Great Sioux War then his past battles and conflicts. Sitting Bull was now 45 and his position was the “old man chief’ and as a holy man. He was still highly respected because everyone till knew of his rich past. Sitting Bull’s judgment and counsel guided the policies and decisions of all tribes. Sitting Bull grouped warriors for battle but he would not fight next to them showing his courageousness. Sitting Bull drew the winter camps together for self-defense. As spring gave away to summer, reservation Indians began to make their way westward, to join In defense. By late June his village had swollen 3,000 to 7,000 people, from 800 to 1 ,800 warriors. ” (Page: 12) But Sitting Bull helped his fellow Indians by giving 100 pieces of his flesh from his arms to give the Sioux victory. He also eased and danced while looking at the sun. Under the sun, Sitting Bull saw the soldiers and horses bearing down on an Indian village, probably wishing to have one more opportunity to battle with his fellow Indians.

One voice declared “These soldiers do not possess ears. They are to die” (Page: 1 2) On June 17, 1876, Sitting Bull’s fighters were confronted by three armies led by three different generals. Sitting Bull’s warriors opposed General Crook’s soldiers and almost overran them but the Crow tribe interference saved the military. Even though the result was relatively good, it was not what Sitting Bull had prophesied. Sitting Bull had the prophecy that Crook’s soldiers would fall into the Sioux camp and die but this would happen soon enough. Only a week later, Long Hair Custer, another general, and his army fell into the Sioux camp.

This is what Sitting Bull had envisioned in his sun-dance, seeing many soldiers die. The “civilized people of America” were shocked by the loss at battle and labeled Sitting Bull, the “Napoleon of the Sioux” (Page: 12) Also, self-acclaimed experts falsely explained how exactly Sitting Bull became so powerful in battle in many different ways. “One of them declared hat the framed Jesuit missionary Father Pierre Jean De Seem had taught Sitting Bull to speak and read French; the chief had then studied French histories of the Napoleonic Wars and “modeled his generalship after the little Corsican corporal. The Sioux did not win at Killdeer Mountain because of better strategy which the whites wanted to hear, but because they tripled Cussed cavalry and they had more confidence and anger. Sitting Bull’s real significance in the battle was as a council man and being an inspiration to his warriors. What is the significance of the Ghost Dance religion and Sitting Bull’s tragic death? How do you feel about Tuttle conclusion that Sitting Bull lost, not because of any personal or cultural failings, but because of forces beyond his control?

The Ghost Dance was more than just a Religion to the Sioux people. Its origin came in 1 ass’s when everything was taken from the Sioux, from food to more land. The ghost danced symbolized a new world that was without the whites who took everything from the Sioux and with the beloved buffalo. The whites assumed it was a form of non-violent resistance that could lead to violent resistance. So the military did its best to stop the ghost dance. It was not rover if Sitting Bull truly believed in the Ghost dance but he was positioned as the high priest at the Standing Rock region.

But the government chose to move Sitting Bull to a distant military post. Sitting Bull was facing an unavoidable death at this time. Indian policemen stormed Sitting Bull’s cabin and arrested him, all while his son watched. The on looking Ghost dancers became energize and crowded his cabin and taunted Sitting Bull’s son. This led to gunfire and resistance and both Sitting Bull and Crow Foot died. The irony behind this is that the Ghost Dancers wanted things to go back to their old ways but they could not do it without Sitting Bull, the integral leader of the Sioux.

I believe in Outlet’s conclusion of Sitting Bull’s fall because Sitting Bull led flawlessly and stood his ground even when there was no light. Sitting Bull wanted his people to own their own land and he would fight for it. “In this struggle, as both lance and shield, his inflexibility served him well. ” (Page: 14) . But the advancement of technology that the white people, could wipe out any tribe every time. Sitting Bull could not have led his tribe any better but sometimes civilizations are meant to collapse.

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The Four Cardinal Virtues of the Lakota. (2018, Mar 27). Retrieved from

The Four Cardinal Virtues of the Lakota
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