The argument regarding innate and learned behavior is one that will never be settled. The natives believe that some areas of behavior are Innate and argue that we Inherit the qualities that decide what kind of person we will be. They believe that our behavior Is mostly due to genetics. However against this argument emplacements (who believe that aspects of behavior are learnt), argue that a child’s development Is more Influenced by the care and attention they receive during their childhood.
This Is oscillation. An example Is that a child can be taught not to cry, for Instance during the war, when people who where in hiding could not possibly allow their babies to cry or else they would be found. They may also state that sleep can also be taught I. E. : a baby who is not picked up and cuddled as soon as they start to cry would soon learn to go back to sleep. I feel that many of the reflexes are in born in a baby.
I have noticed with my own children, in particular, the moor reflex and the rooting reflex, although the extent of Hess do seem to diminish after a short period and seem to be re-learnt in later life, or maybe they Just hibernate! Young babies seem to have surprising abilities which they could not have learnt. As far as breathing, a baby will “breath” the fluid inside the womb. Therefore am inclined to call it instinctive, because it seems so automatic.
However, I know that babies are usually encouraged to cry right after birth in order to get them to start breathing well.
I suspect that since breathing is something we can control pretty well, t is a blend of instinctive and learned behavior. Examples tend to indicate that from birth babies will instinctively suck things that come near their mouth, grab things that touch their palm, and try to stiffen their legs when you hold them as if they were standing. They seem to be Instinctively afraid of falling, and loud noises. They also Instinctively cry when they are uncomfortable. These things do not seem to have to be learned, but are present from birth.
Of course, some of these things may have been “learned” In the womb. For example, a fetus will grab things, suck their thumb, and kick around in the womb. A baby is not a blank slate at birth, it already knows it’s mother’s voice, and has been practicing many behaviors. Ana tensely extend tenet arms IT sat rattle, make eye contact Walt people rater auto 1 week of age, and they do breathe on their own usually even without much stimulation although sometimes they need a bit of a Jolt to initiate the reflex.
But the ultimate proof that behavior is partially genetic is this: Would you rather eave your child with a golden retriever or a pit bull? Yes, SOME pit bulls are gentle and loving and SOME golden retrievers are berserk, but these breeds have well- earned reputations for being respectively gentle, loving, and loyal and violent and unpredictable. This is because the behaviors are partially genetic in nature and these dogs were bred for certain behaviors. In conclusion, I feel that some behaviors are innate and are instinctive, but they may also have been learnt to some degree.