How Can the Work Setting Encourage Children and Young People’s Positive Behaviour Paper
There are many ways in which the work setting can encourage children’s and you people’s positive behavior, they are as follows:
1. Developing positive relationships
All children will crave attention from an early age, as babies we coo and smile. This is why it’s important to build positive relationships from an early age or as soon as possible the reason for this is children need support and attention from us, if the relationships are not good the children may feel they can not get positive attention easily so are more likely to show unwanted behaviour to get negative attention. Taking time to talk and have fun with children is therefore important.
2. Listening to children and valuing their opinion
It is important for children to feel they can express their feelings and opinions, sometimes children may need help in doing this. If they feel they can’t express them they may become frustrated and show unwanted behavior. This is why it’s important to listen to what the children want to do, the reason why they are showing unwanted behavior and ideas is because these are all ways of helping children to develop confidence.
3. Providing a challenging and stimulating environment
Children and young people enjoy having fun and learning provided that the environment is a stimulating one. With this in mind we have to think about what type of equipment, resources and layout is on offer. Children may have the same toys at home so it is worth having a wide variety to choose from and rotate them to provide the children with a challenge.
4. Planning experiences well Boredom is often a key factor in unwanted behavior
Children and young people will often find things to do that may not always be desirable to entertain themselves if nothing is in place to keep them busy or the ctivities that are in place are too easy or of no interest to the child. Planning experiences are linked to understanding children’s development and also the individual needs and interests of the child.
5. Giving children choices
It is important to give children choices, this allows them to learn about having some responsibility. As it can be very frustrating being a child as you don’t have much control over where you go and who you may see. Given children choices also means that they will be less frustrated which may prevent unwanted behaviour.
The choices given need to be appropriate for the age and stage of development of the child and must also be genuine. For example saying to a child “do you want to go outside” if there isn’t any choice.
6. Meeting the individual needs of a child
For children to show positive behavior, their basic needs need to be met. These need include, food, love attention, stimulation and sufficient sleep. There is a link between children’s behaviour, language skills and their stage of development.
7. Being inclusive
Each child is unique and some may need more attention then others at some point, they may need extra support or reminding more often.
As every child is an individual and each child should feel valued and cared for in each practice, the heart of every practice should be inclusive. When settings show an inclusive practice children tend to show positive behaviour.
8. Acting as role models
Children can pick up on adults behaviour and this is one way where they can learn positive behaviour and also unwanted behaviour such as swearing this is why any adult working with children must act as a good role model and show positive behaviour at all times such as kindness, taking turns and gentleness. 9 Setting clear boundaries for children. Each child needs boundaries.
They wont know them straight away and will take a while to fully understand what is expected of them. This is why it is important for adults to set fair boundaries that are appropriate for the child’s age and explain to the child why they are in place e. g we walk not run to prevent accidents.
10. Reinforcing positive behavior
All children need encouragement. Praise, encouragement and rewards are great ways of showing positive behaviour. For this to be most effective, it is important that children understand why praise is given. And that the praise is given when the child has done something right like sharing.
11. Encourage children to resolve conflict
When children get to a certain age they begin to play cooperatively which means by the age of about four alot of children start to resolve conflict on their own. As adults we still need to show children how to do this in a positive way. As children grow older adults need to step back and see if children can resolve conflicts on their own. It is also important to give praise when this is done, if the children are still finding it difficult, it may be useful to act as a guide rather then tell them exactly what to do.
12. Looking for reasons for inappropriate behavior
If children are happy they will generally show positive behaviour unless they are tired, poorly or hungry. When children start showing unwanted behaviour it is important to figure out why they are behaving in that way. This may mean talking to parents along with observing the child closely. Event recordings can be useful when monitoring a child’s behaviour as you can usually tell how long a child has been showing a certain type of behaviour and also when and why.
13. Following your behavior policy
All settings that follow the EYFS should have a behavior policy in place. This policy should set out how a setting intends to manage unwanted behavior, it should also show that practitioners encourage positive behavior.
14. Following plans for individual behavior
Some children may need additional support to learn positive behavior. for example if they have a learning difficulty. To support these children a plan should be drawn up and show what strategies the adult needs for certain situations. The parents should be involved in then plans so there is consistency.