boston tea party Essay
Boston Tea Party
The British East India Company brought most tea to the colonists. The Company sold its tea to the colonial merchants and the merchants sold the tea to the colonists.
In the 1770's the British East India Company found itself in financial trouble. Britain had kept a tax on tea as a symbol of its right to tax the colonies. The tax was a small one but colonists resented it. They refused to buy English tea. English Parliament tried to help the British East India Company by allowing then to sell directly to the colonists, although colonists would still have to pay its tax, it would be cheaper. Colonists still protested this Tea Act.
The Tea Act renewed the Colonists passions about the issue of Taxation without Representation. The Sons of Liberty enforced the boycott by keeping the British East India Company from unloading cargos of tea in Boston Harbor. This boycott linked the colonies together, particularly the women who were the principal consumer of tea.
On the night of Thursday, December 16, 1773 three groups of fifty men each, dressed as Mohawk Indians boarded three ships docked at Griffins Wharf. They split open tea chests and dumped the tea into the harbor. By 10:00 p.m. it was over. It was to be called the Boston Tea Party. Its effects would be felt for years to come.
In response, English Parliament passed a series of punishments known in the colonies as the Intolerable Acts because they were so harsh. These included shutting down the port of Boston. The harbor would remain closed until the colonists paid for the tea. Second, Parliament refused colonists to hold town meetings more than once a year without the governor's permission.
Third, Parliament provided for English officers charged with major crimes to be t