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APUSH 1 flashcards 12-15

While in existence, the second Bank of the United States
was a depository of the funds of the national government

John Quincy Adams could be best described as
possessing almost none of the arts of the politician

Andrew Jackson’s Democratic political philosophy was based on his
suspicion of the federal government

The Whigs hoped to win the 1836 election by
forcing the election into the House of representatives

The people who proposed the exceptionally high rates of the Tariff of 1828 were
ardent supporters of Andrew Jackson who actually hoped it would be defeated

Andrew Jackson based his veto of the recharter bill for the Bank of the United States on
the fact that he found the bill harmful to the nation as well as unconstitutional

The nullification crisis of 1833 resulted in a clear-victory for
neither Andrew Jackson nor the nullifiers

The Panic of 1837 was caused by all of the following except
taking the country off the gold standard

Supporters of the Whig party included all of the following except
opponents of public education

The so-called Era of Good Feelings was never entirely tranquil, but even the illusion of national consensus was shattered by the
Panic of 1819 and the Missouri Compromise

One of the positive aspects of the Bank of the United States was its
being a source of credit and stability, promoting the nation’s expanding economy

The section of the United States most hurt by the Tariff of 1828 was
the South

The House of Representatives decided the 1824 presidential election when
no candidate received a majority of the vote in the Electoral College

As president, John Quincy Adams
was one of the least sucessful presidents in American history

Andrew Jackson made all of the following charges against the Bank of the United States except that
it was controlled by an elite moneyed aristocracy

The election of 1824 ended in a deadlock, as directed by the ___ amendment, the House of Representatives had to choose among the top three candidates
twelfth

The Whigs offered all of the following proposals for the remedies of the economic ills facing America in 1837 except
proposal of the Divorce Bill

Texas gained its independence with
help from Americans

The new two-party political system that emerged in the 1830s and 1840s
fulfilled the wishes of the founding fathers

Innovations in the election of 1832 included
adoption of written party platforms

In an effort to assimilate themselves into white society, the Cherokees did all of the following except
refuse to own slaves

The presidential election of 1824
was the first one to see the election of a minority president

William Henry Harrison, the Whig party’s presidential candidate in 1840, was
made to look like a poor western farmer

Presidents Jackson and Van Buren hesitated to extend recognition to and to annex the new Texas
antislavery groups in the US opposed the expansion of slavery

John Quincy Adam’s weakness as president included al of the following except
his encouragement of his supporters to “sling mud” at Jackson

The cement that held the Whig party together in its formative days was
hatred of Andrew Jackson

The person most responsible for defusing the tariff controversy that began in 1828 was
Henry Clay

In their treatment of Native Americans, white americans did all of the following except
argue that Indians could not be assimilated into the larger society

Andrew Jackson’s administration supported the removal of Native Americans from the eastern states because
whites wantes the Indians’ land

Andrew Jackson’s inauguration as president symbolized the
newly won ascendancy of the masses

The government of Mexico and the Americans who settled in Mexican-controlled Texas clashed over all of the following issues except
allegiance to Spain

John Quincy Adams, elected president in 1825, was charged by his political opponents with having struck a “corrupt bargain” when he appointed ___ to become ____
Henry Clay, Secretary of State

Most of early American settlers in Texas came from
the South and Southwest

The policy of the Jackson administation toward the eastern Indian tribes was
forced removal

The Anti-Masonic party of 1832 appealed to
American suspicions of secret societies

Americans moved into Texas
after an agreement was concluded between mexican authorities and Stephen Austin

The South Carolina state legislature, after the election of 1832
declared the existing tariff null and void in South Carolina

The Nullification crisis of 1832-1833 erupted over
tariff policy

Southerners feared he Tariff of 1828 because
this same power could be used to supress slavery

One of the main reasons Andrew Jackson decided to weaken the Bank of the US after the 1832
his fear that Nicholas Biddle might try to manipulate the bank to force its recharter

The “Tippecanoe” in the Whigs’ 1840 campaign slogan was
William Harrison

The strong regional support for the Tariff of 1833 came from
the South

Andrew and his supporters disliked the Bank of the US for all of the following reasons except it
put service first, not profits

The purpose behind the spoils system was
to reward political supporters with public office

Andrew Jackson’s veto of the recharter bill for the Bank of the US was
a major expansion of presidential power

The nullification crisis started by South Carolina over the Tariff of 1828 ended when
Congress passed the compromise Tariff of 1833

The Panic of 1819 brought with it all the following except
inflation

The Rush-Bagot agreement
limited naval armaments on the Great Lakes

The War of 1812 was one of the worst fought wars in US history because
of the nation’s apathy and national disunity

The most devastating defeat suffered by the British during the War of 1812 took place at the Battle of
New Orleans

Canada became an important battleground in the War of 1812 because
British forces were weak there

One of the most important by-products of the war of 1812 was
a heightened spirit of nationalsim

The Delegates of the Hartford Convention adopted resolutions that included a call for
a Constitutional amendment requiring a two-thirds vote in Congress before war was declared

Andrew Jackson’s military exploits were insrtumental in the US gaining
possessions of Florida from the Spainish

Spain sold Florida to the US because it
could not defend the area and would lose it in any case

The performance of the US’ Navy in the War of 1812 could be best describes as
surprisingly successdful

The Era of Good Feelings
was a misnomer, because the period was a troubled one

With the demise of the Federalist Party
the Democratic-Republicans established a one-party rule

As a result of the Missouri Compromise
slavery was banned north 36″30′ in the Louisiana Purchase territory

The Monroe Doctrine was
an expression of the illusion of deepening American isolationism from world affairs

Democratic-Republicans opposed Henry Clay’s American System because
they believed in was unconstitutional

The two most internationally recognized American writers in the 1820s were
Washington Irving and James Fenimore Cooper

The resolutions from the Hartford Convention
helped to cause the death of the Federalist Party

The Battle of New Orleans
saw British troops defeated by Andrew Jackson’s soldiers

All of the following were results of Missouri Compromise except that
sectionalism was reduced

The Tariff of 1816 was the first in American history
that aimed to protect American Industry

The Western land boom resulted from all of the following except
the construction of railroad lines west of the Mississippi River

In McCulloch v. Maryland, Cohens v. Virginia, and Gibbons v. Ogden, Chief Justice Marshall’s ruling limited the extent of
states’ rights

The Russo-American Treaty of 1824 fixed the southernmost limits of Russian occupation of North America at
54″40′

The doctrine of noncolonization in the Monroe Doctrine was
a response to the apparent designs of the Russians in Alaska and Oregon

Latin America’s reaction to the Monroe Doctrine can best be described as
unconcerned or unimpressed

Henry Clay’s call for federally funded roads and canals received whole-hearted endorsment from
the West

The British attack on Baltimore
inspired the writings of “The Star-Spangled Banner”

At the time it was issued, the Monroe Doctrine was
incapable of being enforced by the US

At the end of the War of 1812, British manufacturers
began dumping their goods in America at extremely low prices

America’s campaign against Canada in the War of 1812 was
a complete failure

John Marshall uttered his famous legal dictum that “the power to tax involves the power to destroy” in
McCulloch v. Maryland

At the peace conference at Ghent, the British began to withdraw many of its earlier demands for all of the following reasons except
reverses in upper New York

America’s campaign against Canada in the War of 1812 was
poorly conceived because it split up the military

One result of the American naval victories on the Great Lakes during the War of 1812 was
a British naval blockade of the American coast

In interpreting the Consititution, John Marshall
favored loose construction

The Treaty of 1818 with England
called for a ten-year joint occupation of the Oregon country by both American citizens and British subjects

One of the major causes of the Panic of 1819 was
overspeculation in frontier lands

All of the following were true of the American regular army on the eve of the War of 1812 except
their numbers were large enough that they did not have to rely on the militia

When the House of Representatives passed the Tallmadge Amendment in response to Missouri’s request for admission to the Union, the South thought that the amendment
would threaten sectional balance

The Battle of New Orleans
unleashed a wave of nationalism and self-confidence

When the House of Representatives passed the Tallmadge Amendment in response to Missourri’s request for admission to the Union, the South thought that the amendment
would threaten the sectional balance

George Caitlin advocated
the preservation of nature as a national policy

The first major transportation project, which ran sixty-two miles from Philadelphia to Lancaster, Pennsylvania, was the
Lancaster Turnpike

The American phase of the industrial revolution first blossomed
in the New England textile industry

When the Irish flocked to the US in the 1840s, they stayed in the larger seaboard cities because they
were too poor to move west and buy land

Native-born Protestant Americans distrusted and resented the Irish mostly because these immigrants
were Roman Catholic

One reason for the Anglo-Texan rebellion against Mexico rule was that the
Anglo-Texans wanted to break away from a government that had grown too authoritarian

John C. Calhoun’s South Carolina Exposition was an arguement for
states’ rights

Those who were frightened by the rapid influx of Irish immigrants organized
the Order of the Star-Spangled Banner

The American workforce in the early nineteenth century was characterized by
substantial employment of women and children in factories

Eli Whitney was instrumental in the invention of the
cotton gin

Most early railroads in the US were built in the
North

As a result of the development of the cotton gin
slavery revived and expanded

The canal era of American history began with the construction of the
Erie Canal in New York

The Major application for steamboats transporting freight and passengers in the US was on
western and southern rivers

The sentiment of fear and opposition to open immigrants was called
nativism

As the new continental market economy grew
the home came to be viewed as a refuge from the workday world

German immigrants in the early nineteenth century tended to
preserve their own language and culture

The overwhelming event for Ireland in the 1840s was
the rebellion against the British rule and poatao famine

In the new continental economy, each region specialized in a particular economic activity: the South__ for export; the West grew grains and livestock to feed __; and the East __ for the other two regions
grew cotton, eastern factory workers, made machines and textiles

Ecologial imperialism can be best described as
the aggressive exploitation of the West’s bounty

The Irish immigrants of the early nineteenth century America
were mostly Roman Catholics and hated the British

Pioneering Americans marooned by geography
were often ill informed, superstitious, provincial, and fiercely individualistic

The cult od domesticity
glorifies the traditional role of women as homemakers

The effect of early nineteenth century industrialization on the trans-Allegheny West was to encourage
specialized, cash-crop agriculture

The underlying basis for modern mass production was
the use of interchangeable parts

All of the following were characteristics of the new nation as it entered into the nineteenth century except
the push foward resulted in a stagnant and slow-developing economy.

In general, ___ tended to bing the West and South together, while ___ and ___ connected West to East
steamboats, canals, railroads

The “Father of the Factory System” in the US was
Samuel Slater

The early factory system distributed its benefits
mostly to owners

Neal Dow sponsored the Maine Law of 1851, which called for
a ban on the manufacture and sale of intoxicating liquor

A genuinely American literature received a strong boost from the
wave of nationalism that followed the War of 1812

The original prophet of the Mormon religion was
Joseph Smith

When it came to scientific acheivement, America in the 1800s was
more interested in practical matters

Of the following, the most successful of the early nineteenth century communiatrian experiments was at
Oneida, New York

Deists like Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin endorsed the belief
that a Supreme being endowed human beings with a capacity for moral behavior

Church attendance was still a regular ritual for ___ of the 23 million Americans in 1850
3/4

The American medical profession by 1860 was noted for
its still primitive standards

Most of the utopian communities in pre-1860s america held ___ as one of their founding ideals
cooperative social and economic practices

The Mormon religion originated in
the Burned-Over District of New York

The Onieda colony declined due to
widespread criticism of its sexual practices

The idea of free public education component of American democracy grew in the early nineteenth century with the influence of
Thomas Jefferson and Horace Mann

New England reformer Dorthea Dix is most notable for her efforts on behalf of
prison and asylum reform

The Hudson River school excelled in the art of painting
landscapes

One strong prejudice inhibiting women from obtaining higher education in the early nineteenth century was the belief that
too much learning would injure women’s brains and ruin their health

Unitarians held the following beliefs except
they believed in a stern and Puritan type of God

Transcendalists believed that all knowledge came through
an inner light

An early nineteenth century religious rationalist sect devoted to the rule of reason and free will was the
Unitarians

Virtually all the distinguished historians of early nineteenth century America came from
New England

The Second Great Awakening tended to
widen the lines between classes and regions

“Civil Disobedience” an essay that later influenced both Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr., was written by the transcendalist
Henry David Thoreau

By the 1850s, the crusade for women’s rights was eclipsed by
abolitionism

The key of Oneida’s financial success was
the manufacture of steel animal traps and silverware

Two areas where women in the nineteenth century were widely thought to be superior to men were
moral sensibility and artistic refinement

Sexual differences were strongly emphasized in nineteenth century America becuase
the market economy increasingly separated men and women into distinct economic roles

Besides polygamy, a characteristic of Mormonism that angered many non-Mormon Americans was their
voting as a unit and openly drilling their military

The Scond Great Awakening tended to
promote religious diversity

A dark writer whose genres included poetry, horror stories, and detective fiction was
Edgar Allen Poe

Unitarians endorsed the concept of
salvation through good works

Perhaps the greatest inhibiting factor for American artists in the first half of the nineteenth century was
Puritan prejudice that art was a waste of time

The Deist faith embraced all of the following except
the concept of original sin

Tax-supported public education
was deemed essential for social stability and democracy

All of the following influenced transcendalists thought except
Catholic belief

The excessive consumption of alcohol by Americans in the 1800s
stemmed from the hard and monotonous life of many

The Poet Laureate of Democracy, whose emotional and explicit writings expressed a deep love of the masses and enthusiasm for an expanding America, was
Walt Whitman

Which one of the following is least related to the other four?
William Miller

The writer who faded to obscurity in the nineteenth century but was recognized as one of America’s greatest geniuses in the twentith century was
Herman Melville

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