Entwistle describes Philosophical Anthropology as the study of the character, disposition, qualities and inclinations of human beings (Entwistle, 2015). This discipline pursues to merge several empirical investigations of human nature to understand individuals as both creatures of their environment and originators of their own values.
Comparing the differences and similarities of Psychology and theology of this discipline can be significantly helpful when trying to understand the integration between the two subject matters. Both perceptions have their views and beliefs about human nature and they just have different angels of approach.
Psychology has been described as a science that relies on the scientific method, reasoning, logic and the biopsychosocial genetic makeup of a person. Enwistle reminds us that, In essence, human beings are the central concern within psychology (Ewistle, 2015). Christian theology teaches is that scriptures plays a major role in the development of sound doctrine. Jointly, these perspectives marry and help us to understand the more complete and holistic view of human nature.
Entwistle helps us to understand that some of the distinct contributions that are absent with psychology is the use of theories, its focus on behavior and mind from the biopsychosocial perspective, empiricism and focuses on observable data (Enwistle, 2015). Enwistle also explains that the methods used can be fleshed out in a number of ways that includes, case studies, surveys, natural observation, experiments, and psychometrics such as measuring an intelligence quotient (Enwistle, 2015.
With the Christian theology, there a few distinct contributions that are absent that includes the supernatural and natural view of the world and understanding the Scripture is Gods message to the world.
Christian theology merges spirituality and human experience and Enwistle explains that theology marries the concepts of sin, grace, redemption, salvation, justification, creation, sanctification and how all these aspects of the Christian life, Theology is concerned with it. (Enwistle, 2015). Unlike observation or empiricism, theology used methods such as hermeneutics (Enwistle, 2015).
As a Christian and a Psychology major, I believe that the Theological perspectives and philosophical anthropology can e reconciled. I don t think during these modern times, they are as opposed to each other as they may have been in the past. They are to angles of approach that can better world views and help human nature move forward. Equally, they both have objectives and constraints, but they both are motivated by the pursuit for understanding. In my opinion, both psychologically and theology, is driven by compassion. I hope that each perspective can continue to shed light on one another and profit. If they are both integrated and pursued, prayerfully there will be no friction between them in the long run. 2 Timothy 3:16-17 states that All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training I righteousness; that the man of God may be adequate, equipped for every good work. This scripture is inclusive, and Gods Word is enough for life and godliness and everything pertaining to life and godliness involves our psychological and emotional well-being. Since people like myself, struggle with anxiety and other severe psychological problems, we must know that Scripture will, and psychology will bring healing to the whole person.