Pages 3 (606 words)
a repetition of the same first sound or letter in a group of words or a line of poetry
a metrical foot of three syllables, two unaccented followed by one accented, or two short followed by one long
the repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds; a substitute for rhyme in which vowels are alike, but consonants are different
what is suggested in a word in addition to the literal meaning
a metrical foot having one accented or long syllable followed by two unaccented or short syllables
the literal meaning of a word; the dictionary definition of a word
to form pictures in the mind
an implied comparison between two different things
the doctrine that the whole universe is God or a manifestation of God
to represent a lifeless thing or quality as if it were alive
a measure in poetry that consists of two unaccented syllables
a statement that one thing is like another
a metrical foot composed of two accented syllables
a condition, principle, emotion, applicable to and understood by all people
a poetic musical effect which uses a correspondence of consonant sounds
the foot used to form the basis of the meter; the foot most frequently used in a particular poem
a common metrical foot in English poetry consisting of only two syllables; one unaccented followed by one accented
to use a word that imitates a sound associated with a specific object
a two-syllable foot that stresses the first syllable
_ ‘ _ ‘ _ ‘ _ ‘
(“That time of year thou mayst in me behold.
“The woods are lovely, dark, and deep.
‘ _ ‘ _ ‘ _ ‘
(“When the stars threw down their spears.”
“Little Lamb, who made thee?”
“Quoth the raven, nevermore.”)
_ _ ‘ _ _ ‘ _ _ ‘
(“And this was the reason that, long ago,
In this kingdom by the sea”)
‘ _ _ ‘ _ _ ‘ _ _
(“Coveted her and me.”
“Chilling and killing my Annabel Lee.”)
If an iamb or an anapest is left incomplete or if a trochee or a dactyl is substituted for an iamb or an anapest, the ending is considered ________.
(Ex. “Dost thou know who made thee?”
trochaic, feminine ending.)
If the line ends on a stressed syllable, the line is considered _________.
(Ex. “But I have promises to keep.”
iambic, masculine ending)
(“For the moon never beams, without bringing me dreams.”
anapestic, masculine ending.)
spondee (substitute foot)
pyrrhic (substitute foot)
the correspondence must be exact and the initial consonants of the accented syllables must be different, and the words must be accented on the same syllable
the words have similar spellings, and looks as if they should rhyme, but their pronunciations are not similar.
(Ex. “height” and “weight”)
the words intended to rhyme have similar but not identical final sounds
(Ex. “ink” and “pink”)
What does alliteration do for a poem?
makes the poem more memorable, and fuses ideas together
What is the purpose of consonance?
to fuse together incomplete ideas into a complete thought
What does an onomatopoeia do?
gives the poem a musical effect and makes the poem more effective when read aloud
Which poet invented free verse?
The 3 characteristics of a sonnet are:
fourteen lines, set rhyme scheme, & iambic pentameter
What type of poetry is a ballad?
What type of poetry is an ode?
What type of poetry is often written in blank verse?
What is an octave a part of?
Did Whitman fear death?