How can reading out loud help you understand difficult lines in Shakespeare’s plays?
The lines were meant to be read aloud; doing so might aid understanding.
How does Shakespeare make certain lines within his plays seem more important than others?
By having some lines contain more than 10 syllables
Why do some playwrights use meter?
To help the audience follow what is happening in the play
Why are Shakespeare’s plays considered difficult for modern students to understand?
Shakespeare used words that are unfamiliar or no longer used in modern language.
What type of meter contains 10 syllables per line that are alternately unstressed and stressed?
Which is an example of iambic pentameter?
“And I do love thee: therefore, go with me”
What type of metrical foot consists of an unstressed syllable directly followed by a stressed syllable?
Who requested that Shakespeare write the play Macbeth?
King James I
Read the following quotation:
Two households, both alike in dignity
William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet, Prologue
Why is this verse an example of iambic pentameter?
It contains five pairs of syllables that are alternately unstressed and stressed.
Which types of plays did Shakespeare write?
Comedy, tragedy, and history
According to some people, what did Shakespeare include in Macbeth that made real witches mad enough to curse the play?
Real incantations and spells
Why did Shakespeare use iambic pentameter for the dialogue of noble characters, while commoners often spoke in blank verse or prose?
To show the difference between an educated, refined noble class and coarse, crude commoners
What is the difference between a comedy and a tragedy?
In a comedy the protagonist is put into funny situations that lead to a happy ending, while in a tragedy the main character suffers bad luck and loss.
Which of the following words is an example of an iamb?
Who predicts that Macbeth will someday become king?
The three witches
What does Macbeth see on his way to kill the king that forces him to pause?
An imaginary dagger
According to Lady Macbeth’s plan, how will the king be killed?
Macbeth will stab the king with the dagger stolen from the king’s guards after Lady Macbeth drugs them.
Why is Macbeth both excited and fearful after hearing the witches’ prediction about his future?
The witches told Macbeth that he would be king, and he is worried about his role in making the prediction come true.
Which lines foreshadow Macbeth’s eventual killing of the king?
“Stars, hide your fires; / Let not light see my black and deep desires: / The eye wink at the hand; yet let that be, / Which the eye fears, when it is done, to see.”
What part does Lady Macbeth play in Macbeth’s decision to kill the king?
She calls Macbeth weak and cowardly until he finally agrees to her plan to kill the king.
What evidence from the text supports your answer to the previous question?
“Wouldst thou have that / Which thou esteem’st the ornament of life, / And live a coward in thine own esteem”
How does Lady Macbeth feel about her husband in this passage?
She believes he is weak and won’t do what needs to be done to become king.
What can you infer about Macbeth’s character from his hesitation to murder the king?
Macbeth has both good and bad qualities, but ambition and his wife’s arguments are influencing him.
Which translation of the passage best explains Macbeth’s reasoning for not murdering Duncan?
Duncan is such a good and popular king; it would be cruel to kill him and make the country sad.
What impression do you gain of Macbeth from the views expressed in this passage?
Macbeth is a heroic soldier and an honorable man.
Which lines lead you to the conclusion that Macbeth has decided to kill the king?
“I am settled, and bend up / Each corporal agent to this terrible feat.”
What evidence from the text leads you to believe that the dagger Macbeth sees is an illusion?
“Or art thou but / A dagger of the mind”
What characteristics would you most associate with Lady Macbeth after reading this speech?
Ambition and cruelty
What event has been blamed on the Curse of Macbeth?
A riot broke out at a performance of Macbeth in New York City, and 23 people were killed.
During Shakespeare’s time, who was often blamed for tragedies and misfortunes that seemed to have no explanation?
Macbeth contains which supernatural elements?
Ghosts and curses
What was the result of the passage of the Witchcraft Act?
Witch trials became legal in England, and over 270 people were executed for practicing witchcraft.
What did Shakespeare add to Macbeth to please King James I?
Witches who were evil
How do the witches create tension in Macbeth?
They give away just enough information about the story’s events to keep the audience interested in finding out more.
Whom would Shakespeare’s audiences have held responsible for all the strange happenings in Macbeth?
Which line shows that ideas usually in opposition can be the same?
“Fair is foul, and foul is fair.”
These lines help to create a scary tone by:
using the image of darkness to imply that something bad will happen.
The use of supernatural elements in Macbeth to play on audiences’ fears helps create .
Read the following sentence:
Kara knew that the giant black bird hovering in front of her wasn’t real and was only an illusion brought on as her weakened mind battled to fight the fever.
Based on the context, what is the best definition of the word illusion?
Something that appears to be real but is not
Which term is defined as forces that cannot be explained by science or the laws of nature?
How can the addition of supernatural elements in a story help advance the plot?
By raising the level of tension between characters
Which supernatural element is emphasized?
How were stories with supernatural elements viewed differently in Shakespeare’s time versus how they are viewed today?
Audiences during Shakespeare’s time considered witches and curses to be real and therefore much scarier than today’s audiences would.
Why does Macbeth claim he killed King Duncan’s guards?
Because he became angry after seeing King Duncan covered in blood
What reason does Macbeth give for ordering the murder of Banquo and his son?
He wants to prevent Banquo’s son from becoming king as the witches predicted.
Who is suspected of killing King Duncan?
Malcolm and Donalbain
What does Macbeth’s vision of Banquo’s ghost show about Macbeth’s state of mind?
That he feels guilty about having Banquo killed
How do the three witches make Hecate angry?
By not letting her participate in their plans for Macbeth
speeches contain rhyme and a meter that is different from the speech of other characters.
What does the audience learn from the lines “Be innocent of the knowledge, dearest chuck, / Till thou applaud the deed”?
Macbeth will keep Banquo’s murder a secret until after the murder has been committed.
Which of the following correctly conveys the meaning of the text?
I’ve had such a tough life, and I’m so angry about it that I don’t care what I do anymore.
Which example best shows that Macbeth has become power hungry and will do anything to keep the throne?
Macbeth persuades the murderers to kill Banquo and his son.
Which of the following is the best translation of “You have displaced the mirth, broke the good meeting, / With most admired disorder”?
You have ruined a fun evening by making a fool of yourself.
What shows that Lady Macbeth has a softer side, even if it’s well hidden?
She doesn’t kill Duncan herself because he looks like her father.
Based on the context, what is the meaning of “spurn”?
To reject or treat with contempt
Which event in Macbeth illustrates the recurring motif of “Fair is foul, and foul is fair”?
Macbeth kills the current king and is rewarded by being named king himself.
Why do Malcolm and Donalbain feel they need to leave Scotland?
They fear they will be murdered.
Which of these lines would support the answer to the question of why Malcolm and Donalbain feel they need to leave Scotland?
“Where we are, / There’s daggers in men’s smiles. The near in blood, / The nearer bloody.”
What is hamartia?
The tragic flaw of the tragic hero that causes his or her own destruction
What is one way in which dramatic irony is used in a piece of literature?
By letting the reader or audience know something that the characters do not
Which of the following is the best example of dramatic irony?
A talk-show audience is aware that a man’s first love is hidden backstage as he confesses his wish to see her again.
In which literary work does a tragic hero first appear?
Which element of a tragic hero does Macbeth possess?
He has a tragic flaw that leads to his downfall.
Which of the following is an example of irony in Macbeth?
Macbeth vows to find King Duncan’s murderer when, in fact, Macbeth himself has killed the king.
What is the best example of a tragic flaw?
Macbeth’s desire for power
Which is the best example of a hero’s inner conflict?
A queen struggles to decide whether to trust her husband or her father.
Which plot description is the best example of a tragedy?
An arrogant businessman loses his money and his freedom when he is sent to jail after his auto company fails to do proper safety inspections.
What is one characteristic all tragic heroes have in common?
They are internally conflicted between doing right and wrong.
Why has the image of the hero changed over time?
Heroes are often mirrors of the culture and time in which they were created, and they reflect the values of that culture and time.
Which of the following characters is the best example of a tragic hero?
A vain king who values appearance over truth loses his throne and eventually his life after he tries to test the population’s loyalty to him.
is a situation in which the outcome of events in a literary work contradicts what is expected.
What is a tragic hero?
A character who goes from happiness to suffering due to his or her actions, which often occur as a result of a tragic flaw
Why is Macduff able to kill Macbeth?
Because Macduff was born by cesarean section
What does the third apparition tell Macbeth?
He will not be defeated until the Birnam wood marches to his castle.
Why does Malcolm lie about himself to Macduff?
To test Macduff’s trustworthiness and loyalty to him
What is the significance of Malcolm’s army carrying branches from Birnam wood to the castle?
The witches predicted Macbeth’s army would be defeated only if Birnam wood comes to his castle.
Which is the best example of an adaptation?
A poem based on a Shakespearean play
Which element of an original work can be changed in an adaptation?
is an interpretation of an existing work by another artist.
In this scene, what does Macbeth resolve to do in the future?
Stop being so indecisive and take immediate action
What evidence from the text supports your previous answer?
“From this moment / The very firstlings of my heart shall be / The firstlings of my hand.”
What do these words tell us about Macbeth’s state of mind on the eve of battle?
He is prepared to die and regrets that he will not grow old gracefully.
How do the soldiers’ feelings about Macbeth in Act I differ from their later feelings about him in Act V?
In Act I, they think he is brave and honorable; in Act V, they think he is an insane tyrant who must be defeated.
Why do modern audiences relate to adaptations of Macbeth?
Modern audiences can easily understand the themes of ambition and desire that the characters show.
What do Lady Macbeth’s actions in this scene suggest about her state of mind?
That she feels guilty for her role in Duncan’s murder
What event in Act IV foreshadows Macbeth’s eventual downfall?
Macduff discovers Macbeth has murdered his family and vows to kill Macbeth himself.