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Chpater 1-5 Sociology Quizzes

Which of the following was the main concern of Kelsey Timmerman in his book Where Am I Wearing
the people who make our clothing

A key element in the sociological imagination is the ability to view one’s own society
as an outsider

A sociologist observing behavior at a college football game would probably focus on
the interaction among fans during the pre-game ritual of tailgate parties

Which of the following would be an example of the use of the sociological imagination
a study that concentrates on the behavior of people listening to a religious service compared to those listening to a rock concert

Sociology is considered a science because sociologists
engage in organized and systematic study of phenomena to enhance understanding

A social scientist would be likely to study the
reasons for the decreasing divorce rate in the U.S

Émile Durkheim’s study of suicide related suicide rates to
the extent to which people were integrated into the group life of a society.

Émile Durkheim’s explanation of suicide was scientific because he
developed conclusions based on systematic examination of data

Which sociologist translated the works of Auguste Comte into English and emphasized the impact that the economy, laws, trade, and population could have on contemporary social problems
Harriet Martineau

In many Third World nations, the pace of social change is very rapid and there is significant hunger and starvation, unemployment, and family disruption. Individuals who live in Third World nations are likely to suffer
anomie

A sociologist interviews high-salaried corporate chief executive officers (CEOs) to discover whether they feel stress in their everyday lives as a result of the pressure to produce at an unrealistic level. This sociologist is employing
verstehen

A sociology instructor asks students to make lists of the characteristics of the best and worst possible instructors. These lists, which would be used to evaluate all instructors, are an example of a (an)
ideal type

In Karl Marx’s analysis, society was fundamentally divided between
classes that clash in pursuit of their own class interests

What term do we use to describe the experience of being Black in White America; a division of an individual’s identity into two or more social realities
double consciousness

Although some of the early sociologists saw themselves as social reformers, by the middle of the twentieth century, the focus of the discipline of sociology had shifted to
theorizing and gathering information

A study of divorce rates among the populations of Canada, England, the U.S., and France is an example of
macrosociology

A sociologist studies drug-use patterns among small groups of college students in a Midwestern college. This would be an example of
microsociology

Which sociological perspective would view society as a living organism in which each part of the organism contributes to its survival and stability
functionalist perspective

Which sociological perspective would suggest that if an aspect of social life does not contribute to a society’s stability, then it does not serve a useful function
functionalist perspective

Which sociological perspective sees the social world as being in continual struggle
conflict perspective

Critics of television often suggest that executives of major television networks and movie corporations are wealthy White males who decide which programs or movies will be produced and which directors and actors will obtain jobs in the industry. This analysis reflects the
conflict perspective

Which sociological perspective holds the view that people create their social worlds through interaction and manipulation of symbols
interactionist

Which sociological perspective would most likely argue that the social order is based on coercion and exploitation
conflict perspective

The view that sports serve as an “opiate” for social injustices and distract people from focusing on the reality of personal problems and social issues would most likely be held by
conflict theorists

What is considered to be the major theme of analysis in sociology today
social inequality

Adler and Adler’s work on self-injury reflects which of the three major sociological approaches
interactionist, functionalist, conflict

If you were interested in studying the relationship between date and acquaintance rape victims and the characteristics of the rapist, your first step would be to
define the problem

A sociologist who is interested in examining racism in sports might determine what percentage of team owners, general managers, coaches, and managers are members of each racial group. This would be an example of developing a (an)
operational definition.

Which sociological perspective would most likely suggest that education is necessary for people to earn more money and advance in society for the purpose of social stability?
functionalist perspective

Sociologists conduct a “review of the literature” to
refine the problem under study; eliminate or reduce the number of avoidable mistakes they make; clarify possible techniques to be used in collecting data

Income, religion, race, gender, and marital status can all be examples of
variables

Which of the following can serve as a variable in a study?
ethic background, marital status, age

A research measure that provides consistent results is considered
reliable

The statement “Women who receive welfare are less likely than other women to have babies” is an example of
a hypothesis.

A research design is a (an)
detailed plan or method for scientifically obtaining data.

A study, generally in the form of an interview or a questionnaire that provides sociologists with information concerning how people think or act is known as
a survey.

Surveys and interviews that focus on macrosociological analyses would be likely to follow which theoretical perspective?
both functionalist and conflict perspectives

The results of an interview may be influenced by
both gender and race of the interviewer.

Observation research is the most common form of _____________ research, which relies on what is seen in the field and in naturalistic settings more than it does on statistical data.
qualitative

A sociologist attends meetings at all the schools and churches in his community over several years, and meets as many residents as he can for the purpose of exploring all facets of the community’s social life. He then compiles a detailed description of the community. He is conducting a (an)
ethnography

The initial challenge that William F. Whyte and other participant observers encounter is
gaining acceptance into an unfamiliar group.

1.When a sociologist actually joins a group for a period to get an accurate sense of how it operates, the approach is called
participant observation.

An artificially created situation that allows the researcher to manipulate variables and to introduce control variables is known as a (an)
experiment

What term do sociologists use to describe the phenomenon whereby subjects deviate from their typical behavior because they realize they are under observation?
the Hawthorne effect

Secondary analysis includes a variety of research techniques that use
publicly accessible information and data, or data collected by another.

Which of the following is included in the code of ethics for sociology?
maintaining confidentiality; objectivity and integrity in research; protection of research subjects from personal harm

Which of the following is not incorporated into the basic principles of the code of ethics for sociology?
a required number of data sources

•According to Max Weber, investigators have an ethical obligation to accept research findings even when the data run counter to
theoretically based explanations.

their own personal views.

widely accepted beliefs

Alvin Gouldner has suggested that sociologists continue to use objectivity as a sacred justification for remaining uncritical of existing institutions and centers of power. This point of view emphasizes which perspective(s)?
conflict and feminist perspectives

Which of the following is true regarding feminist researchers?
more oriented towards seeking change

tend to involve and consult subjects more

want to raise public consciousness

Anthropologist Horace Miner’s description of the body ritual among the Nacirema is used to show
the ability to learn something new about society.

Which of the following is an aspect of culture?
eating in fast-food restaurants

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using American Sign Language

watching the Super Bowl game

Which of the following is an example of a society?
a small tribe on a remote South Pacific island

General customs and practices that are found in every culture are called
cultural universals.

Which of the following is considered a cultural universal?
athletic sports

The tendency to assume that one’s own culture and way of life represent the norm or are superior to all others is called
ethnocentrism

Ethnocentrism is the tendency to assume that one’s own culture and way of life represent the norm or are superior to all others. Therefore, ethnocentrism fosters cohesion in a group. This observation would best reflect which sociological perspective?
functionalist perspective

A dominant ideology is a
set of cultural beliefs that help to maintain powerful social, economic, and political interests.

Which sociological perspective would argue that the most powerful groups and institutions control wealth, property, and the means of producing beliefs about reality through religion, education, and the media?
conflict perspective

A U.S. sociologist receives a grant to study racial and religious prejudice among the people of Southeast Asia. The sociologist makes a serious and unbiased effort to evaluate the norms, values, and customs of these groups in light of the distinctive cultures of which they are a part. This is an example of
cultural relativism.

Which of the following concepts employs the kind of value neutrality in scientific study that Max Weber saw as being so important?
cultural relativism

We use the term cultural genocide to refer to
the systematic destruction of a people’s culture.

Which of the following is an example of cultural diffusion?
the presence of McDonald’s restaurants in Thailand, Saudi Arabia, and Japan

Given that cultural diffusion could upset the stability of a society, which perspective is most likely to argue that most cultures resist new cultural components that do not fit comfortably into their social system?
functionalist perspective

George Ritzer’s concept “The McDonaldization of society” refers to
the domination of numerous sectors of societies throughout the world by principles initially used by fast-food restaurants.

Which of the following statements about globalization is correct?
Developing nations lose their traditional values and begin to identify with the culture of core nations.

A basketball arena, an airliner, a slice of pizza, and a television set would all be considered examples of
material culture.

Nonmaterial culture
is more resistant to change than material culture.

In the U.S., professional gamblers, Armenian Americans, teenagers, and nudists are all examples of
subcultures.

Armed militia groups, such as the one that was involved in the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995, are an example of a
subculture and counterculture.

A man goes to a urologist who has been recommended by his family physician. When the urologist greets him in the examining room, the man discovers that the urologist is a female, and he is startled that a woman will examine him. He is experiencing
culture shock.

Which sociological perspective would be most likely to suggest that nonverbal communication, such as the frequency of individuals touching each other during a conversation, varies from one culture to another?
interactionist perspective

While attending a prestigious lecture at a New York City museum, Bob noisily belches several times and grossly picks his nose. He is violating
informal norms.

Norms governing everyday behavior, the violation of which raises comparatively little concern, are known as
folkways.

Norms are often violated when
a subculture’s norms vary from the norms of the dominant culture.

they conflict with one another.

they are weakly enforced

Which sociological perspective would maintain that the laws of a society are created by the groups in power and help those groups maintain their superior status?
conflict perspective

An example of a positive, formal sanction is a
salary bonus.

A worker is frequently late, takes extended “coffee breaks,” and makes numerous mistakes while working on important tasks. As a result of poor performance, the worker is fired. This is an example of
a sanction.

Collective conceptions of what is considered good, desirable, and proper, as well bad, undesirable, and improper, are known as
values

Mores are
norms that are deemed highly necessary to the welfare of a society.

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