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Areas of Knowledge: Invented, Discovered, or Both? One cannot say with certainty that specific areas of knowledge are invented nor can one say with certainty that areas of knowledge are discovered. Two areas of knowledge that deal with this topic are mathematics and natural science. In my opinion, I believe that mathematics is an invented area of knowledge with some discovery whereas science is a discovered area of knowledge with some invention.
Certain topics and categories of mathematics might be created based on the need during the time.
For example, accountancy was Invented due to the fact that people deed a way to keep track of profits (Friendly and Plea, 1). Accounting is a form of math used to record data regarding business-like matters. The earliest form of accountancy was in Mesopotamia.
It arose more than 7,000 years ago (Friendly and Plea, 1). This form of math was used among people in order to record the growths of their crops and also keep track of their herds of animals. The people during the time used clay coins, or tokens, In order to keep track of the Information (Friendly and Plea, 1).
This form of math Is an example of how math is invented. Accountancy was invented based on a need of a process or way to keep track of certain information.
Not only are subtopics in mathematics created, but methods of showing and representing mathematical data can be created as well. William Player, a Scottish engineer, is credited with the invention of graphical ways to display data (Mass, 224-225). Graphs can be used to demonstrate the relationship between variables or to show certain statistical data. William Playful was Inspired by the Invention of timeline charts, which were developed by Joseph Priestly (Waller, 47).
Timeline charts used bars in order to record the lifespan of people. They could also be used to compare the lifespan of people. With that, Player created the first bar chart in order to display statistical information. He, then, also went on to create pie and line charts. William Flair’s accomplishments show that he invented those means of recording and showing data. Graphical methods of displaying and showing data were not slating around walling to be discovered, however, they were created by a human being. On the other hand, it can be argued that math is a discovered area of knowledge.
Mathematicians studying circles tried many calculations and eventually found a link teen the circumference of a circle and the diameter of a circle. The circumference of a circle is its diameter multiplied by pi and pi approximately equals 3. 14. Ancient Babylonians and Egyptians took note of the existence of Pl many, many years ago (“What They Don’t Tell You”, n. D. ). Pl Is a ratio that Is Involved In every relationship between a circle’s diameter and its circumference, meaning mathematicians discovered the constant ratio that appears in every relationship.
This example is significant in that it shows that there are certain areas of math that are discovered. The relationship is not Just simply created by a mathematician – they have always existed. Due to its pre-existence, it is considered a discovery. It can e as a, never, Tanat natural silence Is an area AT Knowledge Tanat Is mainly discovered. In 1674, Anton van Leeuwenhoek, a Dutch scientist, using his personally crafted microscope, found microorganisms in a drop of water (“Antonym van Leeuwenhoek”, n. D. ).
He was the first person to be able to find and describe microorganisms, which he referred to as “animalcules” (“Antonym van Leeuwenhoek”, n. D. ). Anton van Leeuwenhoek simply stumbled across these microorganisms without n original intent to find them. He did not Just come up with an idea to create “animalcules”, they were already in existence. This example relates to the title because microorganisms were discovered by the Dutch scientist and researcher, Anton van Leeuwenhoek. Moreover, the concept of trial and error is an important part of making knowledge in Natural Science in addition to observation.
Trial and error is considered part of making discoveries. An example of this would be selective breeding. Farmers with sheep first learned that they could breed sheep in order to get lamb. They also earned they could breed specific sheep in order to get certain characteristics and traits that the farmers desired. This is important because it is considered a discovery. The farmers did not know beforehand that they could breed sheep in order to get desirable characteristics, they simply learned about it after watching the results of breeding certain sheep.
They made knowledge of what they learned based on observations. Beyond observation and trial and error, scientists can also explore pre-existing ideas and concepts in order to make further knowledge about a certain subject or topic. A Flemish anatomist, Andrea Vesuvius, discovered crucial information regarding the human anatomy (“Comparative Anatomy’, n. D. ). During his time, which was the 16th century, there was a Roman anatomist who had already made a name for himself, Galen. Galen authored many books that dealt with the anatomy of humans (“Comparative Anatomy’, n. . ). He also made knowledge using his own experiences with body dissections and also Arteriole’s philosophical work. Vesuvius, originally a Galena’s, began to dissect human corpses in order to learn more about the human body (“Comparative Anatomy’, n. D. ). He drew detailed pictures, diagrams, ND charts of what he saw during the dissections and showed it to his students so they could learn as well. As he dissected more bodies, it became clear to him that Galen had quite a few mistakes in the information he published to the public regarding the human anatomy.
For example, Galen stated that the longest bone in the body was the hummers, but it was not (“Comparative Anatomy’, n. D. ). Vesuvius soon figured out that Galen had been dissecting animals, not humans, to make knowledge of anatomy since Rome did not allow people to make dissections on human corpses. Andrea Vesuvius’ notes, then, became the most accurate source of information regarding human anatomy and he is considered the father of modern anatomy (“Andrea Vesuvius”, n. D. ). Andrea Vesuvius’ exploration of the human anatomy shows that he discovered what was inside the human body.
This counts a discovery because the bones, organs, et cetera were already in existence before he even found them, which means that it was not an invention. Although scientific knowledge can be made through discoveries, the means used to make knowledge can be invented. For example, two inventions that were created in order to Turner Increase clientele unreasonable AT ten world are ten malapropos and the periodic table. Anton van Leeuwenhoek, considered the father of microscopy, came up with the idea of producing lenses with some curve in them in order to maximize the magnification.
His idea became a success and paved way for a myriad of discoveries, including his own discovery of “animalcules”, or microorganisms. Moreover, even though he did not create the periodic table itself, Dimmit Mendel is credited with coming up with the idea of arranging the elements in the periodic table by atomic weight (“Mendel”, n. D. ). With newly gained attention, the proposal Mendel suggested became more popular among scientists and researchers. In uh time, the original methods of arranging the periodic table changed.
The suggestions given by Dimmit Mendel were modified and tweaked a little bit; instead of organizing the elements by increasing atomic weight, the elements were put in order by increasing atomic number. Both the microscope and the periodic table are manmade creations. The microscope is significant in that it shows that manmade inventions can be used in order to make scientific discoveries. On the other hand, the periodic table is important in that it shows that the ways to display scientific knowledge and data can be invented as well. The displays of data will, in urn, help others learn and make knowledge as well.
All in all, in my own opinion, I believe that mathematics is an area of knowledge that is invented and somewhat discovered and the natural sciences is an area of knowledge that is mainly discovered, but also somewhat invented. Since mathematics is more of an abstract area of knowledge, it makes it harder for mathematicians to “discover” knowledge in the realm of mathematics. Therefore, mathematicians create and make their own methods of making new knowledge in order to further their understanding of the topics. In science, most knowledge, I am led to believe, is covered.