The Discovery and Chemistry of Dry Ice Paper
In 1835, the French chemist Charles Thilorier was the first man to discover dry ice. One day he opened a very large container of liquid carbon dioxide. The carbon dioxide would quickly evaporate, which left a solid dry ice in the bottom of the container. For the next 60 years, dry ice was observed in university laboratories. Dry ice is a solid form of carbon dioxide. Dry ice changes directly from a solid to a gas. This process is known as sublimation. Dry ice never goes through a liquid state. The ice is colorless, odorless, and tasteless. Also, the density of dry ice ranges from 1.2 to 1.6 kg/dm3. The weight is about 44.01 g/mole. Dry ice commonly comes in 2 different forms. They come in big blocks that can weight up to 30 kilograms, or also in little pellets.
Dry ice is made by starting with liquid carbon dioxide held under pressure (300 psi) in storage containers. The liquid carbon dioxide is sent through an expansion valve, into an empty chamber, where it flashes into carbon dioxide gas. This causes the temperature to drop from the change of liquid to gas. Forty-six percent of the gas will freeze into fry ice.
Dry ice is used for many different reasons; such as freezing warts to making fog for parties. Doctors use dry ice to freeze warts to make removal easier. Many people mix dry ice and hot water to make fog for celebrations. It is also used in fog machines for dramatic effects. Many people use to dry ice to preserve foods. It helps freeze food without the help of mechanical cooling. Dry ice is also used in construction. The dry ice is cold enough to freeze tile and crack them. Making it easier to remove.
The temperature of dry ice is -109.3? or -78.5?. Whenever handling, users should always wear insulated gloves. If not wearing insulated gloves, coming in contact with dry ice can lead to frostbite or cold burns. Many people infer dry ice as, “hot ice.” The reason why is because of the hot burning sensation when it comes in…