Factors Influencing Students’ Academic Track Choice

The choice of career tracks of the students plays a great role in the preparations of the schedule for the senior high school. These career tracks are associated with career preferences which were the basis in the conduct of the present study. Career preferences as defined by Martinez and Fuller (1999) pertain to the identification of one’s work schedules and activities in relation of an individual’s abilities, skills, competencies and with the assistance of management in order that he can take the greater job and personal responsibility for his future.

In other words, this is a preferred career choice of an individual that should be decided ahead of time. In an article on “What is most important to students” by Duffy and Sedlacek from 11995 to 2004 revealed that males preferred to select careers that will generate money and female would like to select careers that will concentrate on working with people and those who can contribute to society.

Witko, Bernes, Magnusson, and Bardick’s (2006) studies on senior high school students’ occupational aspirations found out that interests, skill, personal meaning, challenges, and parental support are variables contributory to the occupational aspirations of senior high school students.

In like manner with the study of LA (2009) on factors influencing the educational and career choices of senior high school students revealed that parent’ supports, school structure, gender, and grade point average have considerable influence on the Vietnamese Senior high school students’ educational and career choice. In the same year, Leonard’s (2009) study on high school students’ course selection decisions in south Carolina found out that parents and teachers are highly influential in the course selection decision.

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In addition, Heilbronner (2011) claimed that the greater number of the students manifested to proceed to STEM courses in college. This is brought about with the quality, adequacy of preparations, and scholastic experiences of the students. Eremie’s (2014) study on comparative analysis of factors influencing career choices among senior secondary school students in Rivers State, Nigeria. The result showed that there were significant differences in the career preferences when grouped according to of their sex, parity, and parental influence. In addition, socio-economic backgrounds were influential in particulars’ decisions to pursue a postsecondary degree. Cultural factors, especially English fluency, were also relevant. Local communities and institutional factors had generally negative impacts on the career choice of the students.


According to Official Gazette (2012), Senior High School is two years of specialized upper secondary education; students may choose a specialization based on aptitude, interests, and school capacity. The choice of career track will define the content of the subjects a student will take in Grades 11 and 12. SHS subjects fall under either the Core Curriculum or specific tracks. Senior high school (SHS) covers the last two years of the K to 12 programs and includes Grades 11 and 12. In SHS, students will go through a core curriculum and subjects under a track of their choice.

The K to 12 program covers Kindergarten and 12 years of basic education (six years of primary education, four years of Junior High School, and two years of Senior high school There are several factors that impact the students from high school seniors’ decision in what course they should take. From the phases that have been proposed by Jackson, which could affect a student’s decision in finding a decent course, there is still relevant factors in it. According to the investigation, career selection is one of many important choices students will make in determining future plans.

This decision will impart them throughout their lives. The essence of who the student is will revolve around what the student wants to do with their life—long work. The choice of career has been a serious problem among secondary school students in Nigeria. No matter what one’s age is, the choice of career or desire is an important question for everybody. A lot of students in secondary schools believe that their future is glorious adventures .in which they are bound to succeed. Many of them have an idea that they would be able to work in the public or private establishments as soon as they complete secondary school education.

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Factors Influencing Students’ Academic Track Choice. (2021, Dec 10). Retrieved from https://paperap.com/factors-influencing-students-academic-track-choice/

Factors Influencing Students’ Academic Track Choice
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