Characteristics of Romanticism, Realism, Modernism, and Postmodernism

Modernism
Biased first person controls narrative

PostModernism
Multiple narrative voices and worlds

Modernism
search for meaning/truth-they still exist

PostModernism
there is no one meaning or truth-both are relative and subject to change

Modernism
with the exception of the Harlem Renaissance, most writers are still white

PostModernism
Writers of color/different backgrounds relative and subject to change

Modernism
Little African American women’s writing beyond Zora Neale Hurston and Nella Larsen

PostModernism
burgeoning group of well-known African American women writers, such as lucille Clifton, Gwendolyn Brooks, Toni Morrison, Maya Angelou, and Alice Walker

Modernism
No Deconstruction/Emphasis on loss

PostModernism
Deconstruction (a theoretical stance coined by French philosopher Jacques Derrida in 1967 and espoused in of Gramatology that same year)

Modernism
Sci-fi stuff had been written in 19th century (Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein and Poe’s stuff), but it hadn’t gained major popularity as genre

PostModernism
Sci-fi begins to be used as a term in 1954 at UCLA

Modernism
Alarm regarding global changes and a senses of deep and profound disillussionment

PostModernism
_____ Writers have accepted the world as chaotic and therefore are more willing to play wackily with it and even create humorous, satirical, allegorical settings that go against the grain

Modernism
Less overt, pedantic didactism (Gatsby might be an exception?)(Basically means less clear lesson or moral in stories)

PostModernism
Anti-war, protest literature abounds The Beat Generation, the Counter-Culture movements

Modernism
Lost Generation

PostModernism
Beat Generation

Modernism
Harlem Renaissance

PostModernism
Angry, Black Arts Movement (1965-1975) Response to Malcom X’s Assasination

Modernism
No Native American renaissance

PostModernism
Native American Renaissance(1970-1985, although still really going on)

Modernism
Self-Reflexive (poems about poems)

PostModernism
Even more self-reflextivity, even on an intense and personal level

Modernism
Imagist Poetry about things as things

PostModernism
The confessional school of poetry-intensely personal poetry about abortion, alcoholism, rape, suicide, etc.

Modernism
Non-traditional structure

PostModernism
Even more non-traditional structure-past blends with present

Modernism
Journalist becomes writers of fiction, and they aim to tell the truth; non-fiction is to be trusted

PostModernism
Conflation of non-fiction and fiction; reality television develops, and the media is highly biased and politicized-new journalism develops

Modernism
Rejection of science/technology; art was a repository for experiencing the world other than that offered by science

PostModernism
Growing acceptance of science and technology, or at least a realization that it can no longer be ignored

Modernism
Homogeneity

PostModernism
Heterogeneity

Romanticism
Values feeling over reason

Romanticism
Place faith in inner experience and the power of the imagination

Romanticism
Shuns the artificiality of civilization and seeks unspoiled nature

Romanticism
Prefers youthful innocence to educated sophistication

Romanticism
Champions individual freedom and worth

Romanticism
looks backward to the wisdom of the past and distrusts progress

Romanticism
Finds beauty and truth in the exotic, the supernatural realm, ands the inner world of the imagination

Romanticism
Sees poetry as the highest expression of the imagination

Romanticism
Finds inspiration in myth, legend, and folklore

Realist
Rejection of the idealized, larger-than-life hero of Romantic literature

Realist
Detailed depiction of ordinary characters in realistic events

Realist
Emphasis on characters from cities and lower classes

Realist
Avoidance of the exotic, sensational, and overly dramatic

Realist
Use of everyday speech patterns to reveal class distinctions

Realist
Focus on the ethical struggles and social issues of real-life situations

Modernism
Emphasis on bold experimentation and style and form

Modernism
Rejection of traditional themes, subjects, and forms

Modernism
Sense of disillusionment and loss of faith in the American Dream

Modernism
Rejection of sentimentality and artificiality

Modernism
Rejection of the ideal of a hero as infallible in favor of a modern hero who is flawed and disillusioned but demonstrates “grace under pressure”

Modernism
Interest in inner workings of mind, expressed through narrative techniques such as stream of consciousness

Modernism
Revolt against spiritual debasement of modern world

Romanticism
Innocence

Romanticism
Inspiration from nature

Romanticism
Imagination

Romanticism
Inner experience

Romanticism
Intuition

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Characteristics of Romanticism, Realism, Modernism, and Postmodernism. (2019, Feb 07). Retrieved from http://paperap.com/characteristics-of-romanticism-realism-modernism-and-postmodernism/

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