Personality of individuals has been defined as the combination of thoughts, sentiments, and behaviors that identify people as unique when compared to others. Personality is also thought to be the ways in which people understand and relate to the outside world as well as how they identify themselves. It is believed that the personality of someone forms during childhood and it tends to develop through the interaction that people have throughout their lives It is during the interaction that people adopt tendencies that they were not meant to have.
The environment in which children grow up also influences the personality of people as the events that occur in the surrounding often remind people of how their friends and relatives acted to face certain issues of concern in life With distinctive features, the critical periods in the history of psychology are significant in the study of psychology.
The formation of personality is described to revolve around the type of parenting that people had while they were growing up Parental care has been defined as either loving or abusive; thus, people tend to depict certain personalities based on the kind of parenting they had.
Those who had loving parents depict good personalities while those who were abused by their parents show weird personalities in their entire life, In the psychology of personality formation, personality disorders are thought to be as a result of a combination of genetic and environmental influences. Those who have gone through both the extreme ends of parenting tend to show unusual characteristics in the definition of their personality.
Some people are vulnerable to certain personality disorder and the environment in which they live may trigger the actual development of the personality disorder.
There is evidence in the history of personality formation that the basic factors that determine the personality of individuals lie in the lifestyle of people within the first two or three years. It is during the time that children experience different types of relationships, a vital factor in personality formation. While other people stress the significance of parental care in personality formation, some people concentrate on psychological occurrences as the major factor in determining the personality of children. The controversy around the issue of personality formation may not be ignored since both the factors may have some influence on the development of the personality of children, However, during the first three years, it can be doubted if the children are aware of what they go through even as they relate with their parents. The uncertainty on whether the children recognize the type of relationship they have with their children lies on the reasoning that children undergo different rates of growth and development.
Some children can determine whether they are loved or not, while other children do not recognize the type of relationship they are having with their parents (Buss, Arnold and Plomin, 2014). The same case applies to the environment in which people grow. It can be concluded that the type of environment in which people grow often alter their personality because of the peer pressure and experiences that they go through for a long time. The environment in which people grow determines the personality of individuals due to the evidence that can be found in research done to determine the changing of personality of people. People who have been recognized to have good personality have been proved to have the opposite of the type of personality they had before due to environmental influence.
In the history of personality, Adler examined personality at a time when Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud did the same. Changing his stand on individual personality throughout his life, Adler had the belief that people are focused on maintaining control over their lives, Adler had the belief in a single force that determines the manner in which people fulfill their potenLials. Adler’s stand on the development of personality also concentrates on inferiority complex since he recognized the desire to overcome difficulties by reaching a goal that is superior and competent. According to Adler, people change their personalities because of the feeling of inferiority and the wish to have the superiority complex feeling. When people feel inferior and weak in a society, they tend to develop a different personality from what they depicted before to strive to obtain the superiority status.
The theory by Adler confirms the fact that environment plays a role in determining the formation of individual personality It is the environment in which some people live that makes them feel inferior; thus, they adopt a different character to suit the other well off people. The issue of the formation of personality has aided in the study of psychology as it is important to learn what makes some people to feel inferior in the society while others are viewed to be more superior while they live under the same conditions. The issue of formation of personality is also significant in learning the different ways of parenting that children go through to determine their personality. The changing of personality is, therefore, useful in the learning of psychology as the long-term effects of factors that alter the personality of people are analyzed.