Schoo Bullying And ​Psychologica Interaction

An analysis of School bullying and Psychological Interaction Nery Espinosa LaGuardia Community College Abstract: Bullying is considered to be any conduct that an individual or a group of individuals performs on a similar or a group of similar interests with the sole purpose of harming the victim, it can be either physical, verbal abuse, insults, threats, ​sexual orientation ​ or social. The psychological sequences of 6-grade middle schoolers, who suffer bullying are especially emotional​,​ also an increase in feelings of low mood that can lead to low Self-esteem sometimes even post-traumatic stress with the presence of flashbacks and an escape when going to school.

The protagonists of the cases of bullying are usually girls and boys in the process of entering adolescence. The person who exercises bullying does it to impose his or her power on the other, through aggression, threats, insults or vexations. In most cases, the victim is silent and communicates the harassment to their parents, teachers or closet friends.

Children who are bullied in the school environment have feelings of pain, anguish, and fear, which in some cases can lead to suicide, for example, the case of a ​‘’13-year-old boy named Diago with a lot of life ahead whose head struck a concrete pillar after he was punched by another boy at a middle school in Los Angeles has died from his injuries.’’ His family plans to donate Diego’s organs ‘to transform this tragedy into the gift of life for other children.’ Some measures can be taken to prevent and detect Running Head: SCHOOL BULLYING AND ​PSYCHOLOGICAL INTERACTION 2 bullying.

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Teachers, parents, and students themselves have an important role in preventing bullying. It is essential to report these situations and find a solution to the problem. Method: ​My Participants were 6- grade Middle School and their parents. I collected data by recording some data in the park by using the naturalistic observation to observe the kids interact with their environment, etc. and observing parents evaluate how engaged and involved they are in their children’s lives. Results: I was very surprised at how the final results came out because the majority of the time most parents were paying attention to their kids’ interaction where they were playing and paying attention to their kid’s behavior.

On the other hand, a lot of kids were isolated, not playing with the other kids around them and instead of playing they stayed with their parents observing the other kids playing at the park. In the ‘darkest chapters of my life’ I suffered a lot of Verbal, Physical, and Psychological bullying when I lived in my native country, the Dominican Republic in my elementary school by teachers and students and also when I immigrated with my mother and sister to the United States (2012) in Middle School because I didn’t understand English well and couldn’t communicate with others around me and most probably because I was always seeking for help from the students around me with the homework, etc. but I understood them. What hurt me was the type of ‘’Treatment’’ I was getting in Elementary School (Dominican Republic) by my classmates and teachers.

This behavior was not called ‘’Bullying’’ at that time, it was called ‘mom, at Running Head: SCHOOL BULLYING AND ​PSYCHOLOGICAL INTERACTION 3 school, the children and teachers beat me and insult me.’ It happened from the first moment I entered elementary school when I was 4-years old in the Dominican Republic, and for many more years, practically until the age of 13 living in the United States (NYC). From my experience, I conclude: bullying is only possible because of silence and blindness. Speaking about your personal experience it shows how focused and interested you are on this. Keep it up, girl! Many of my directors didn’t find out until my mother complained. And I find it hard to believe that they didn’t realize. It was easy to see that I was isolated, that I was afraid, that I was hiding at recess. It was easy to see something was wrong with me because of going to class with my uniform broken or sometimes with marks on my face or crying. Why didn’t they do anything about it?

​I survived, I became strong in my virtues, I endured loneliness quite well until I enjoyed it. I locked myself in my books, in my fantasies. According to ‘’there is no federal law that applies to bully in the United States, but ​most bullying happens in middle school and ​there is a growing awareness of the problem of bullying, which may lead some to believe that bullying is increasing. However, studies suggest that rates of bullying may be declining. It remains a prevalent and serious problem in today’s schools.’’ There are 6 different types of bullying: Physical Bullying, Verbal, Psychological, Social, Sexual, and Cyberbullying.  The physical type of harassment focuses on the persecution of a person with whom you intend to have physical contact against your will. It can occur both at school and outside it. It is a type of abuse intentional and includes blows, shoves, biting, spitting, scratching, causing a fall, etc. It can also be indirect physical harassment when material damage occurs to the victim’s personal belongings or theft.

Verbal is the most common and can be very harmful. Words have a lot of power and affect the victim’s self-esteem through humiliation, insults, motes, spreading false rumors or contempt in public. This type of case is more difficult to detect because there is no physical aggression, but the damage is moral and psychological.  ‘’Research has shown that verbal bullying and name-calling has serious consequences and can leave deep emotional scars.’’  ​Psychological it consists of making threats to cause fear, to achieve some objective, or simply to force the victim to do things that he does not want or should do. There is persecution, intimidation, and manipulation, which damages the victim’s self-esteem and increases their fear. Social consists of the exclusion and social isolation of the victim. Stalkers prevent her from participating in normal activities among friends or classmates, ignoring the victim and not counting on him/her.

Sexual are behaviors with sexual connotations or when the aggressor forces the victim to carry out activities against his will. For example, when there are touches, they lift the skirt, lower their pants, are forced to watch pornography or are photographed in the bathroom or shower without authorization. Cyberbullying consists of harassment through technology, such as social networks or mobile phones. Offensive messages, threats or obscene words may be written with the intent to defame and harass. Some of the theories that we could use to better understand this problem are attachment theory and social psychology. ​According to ​ ​John Bowlby was a psychologist born in London on February 26, 1907, who developed ‘’Attachment theory is a psychological, evolutionary and ethological theory concerning relationships between humans.’’ Meaning attachment creates trust, which is essential for establishing affections.

According to simply psychology ‘’Social psychology is about understanding individual behavior in a social context’’ and the founder ​Kurt Lewin was a German-American psychologist.  Meaning ​social psychology tries to understand the behaviors of the groups in addition to the attitudes of each person to their way of reacting or thinking in the social environment. ​These two theories help us clarify the perspective I am developing because, at the beginning of our life, we will mark the nature of our emotional ties throughout our life that is why the first years are keys to the development of a person.


According to ‘’Child Development: A Thematic Approach by Bukatko & Daehler” one way to help children who are the victim of bullies is to encourage their physical development so that they do not send cues suggesting ‘’weak-ness’’ to potential aggressors. Building the victim’s confidence by encouraging special abilities and talents can also be beneficial.’’ Other solutions to prevent the students from getting bullying at school are the parents always asking their kids about how are they doing at school, parents getting involved academic, always letting them know that they are not alone, and most importantly the school staff and parents helping the aggressor because they behave like that not because of jealousy, but because they want to express themselves.  They feel angry and fearful of a situation that triggers them probably at home or by another bigger aggressor.

Work cited

  1. Cited ​CBS News. (2019, September 26). Boy, 13, dies from injuries from alleged bullying attack in Southern California middle school.
  2. Retrieved from oy-13-dies-from-injuries/ Gordon, S. (2019, October 20).
  3. Types of Bullying Parents Should Know About. Retrieved from Public Affairs. (2019, December 18). Facts About Bullying.
  4. Retrieved from Attachment theory. (2020, February 16).
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  6. Running Head: SCHOOL BULLYING AND ​PSYCHOLOGICAL INTERACTION 7 Mcleod, S. (1970, January 1).
  7. Social Psychology. Retrieved from Location:

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