Canada is the second largest country in the world, and the first is Russia, it occupies roughly two-fifths of the continent of North America (Encyclopedia Britannica). The first discovery of Canada was made by John Cabot in 1497. Canada became self-governed and a controlled operation in 1867, while they still held on to the British Crown. The British were soon removed from the Canadian government in 1982. On February 15, 1965 the new Canadian Flag would be raised over the Parliament Hill. The U.S and Canada share the world’s longest international border.
The border stands at 5,525 miles long, and is not patrolled by any military forces. Despite the great size of Canada, there population is greatly sparse. But majority of its population lives within 150 miles of the international boundary. Canada is faithfully bilingual in English and French, and mirrors the nation’s history as a ground one challenge by two of Europe’s extraordinary forces, which were Germany and the Soviet Union. The word Canada has come from the Huron-Iroquois kanata, which means a town or settlement.
In the sixteenth century, French wayfarer Jacques Cartier utilized the name Canada to refer to the region around the settlement that is currently Quebec city. Afterward, Canada was utilized as an equivalent word for New France, which, from 1534 to 1763, incorporated all the French belonging along the St. Lawrence River and the Great Lakes.