An Analysis of the Factors Preventing Quebec to Receive Its Independence

Topics: HistoryQuebec

Over time, Quebec will not receive independence due to three key reasons. Over the past years, two referendums were taken towards Quebec’s separation and neither of them resulted in a definite “Yes”. The first referendum, on May 204, 1980, the idea of sovereignty-association, which meant Quebec would have its own flag, a seat in the UN, and its own laws regarding, language, immigration, human rights, and culture, but still be connected to Canada. 60% of the population voted “No” because the rest either wanted to be completely independent or didn’t want to be separated at all.

During the second referendum, on April 30th, 1995, Quebec stated the idea of just sovereignty and 50.58% voted “No” with a minor difference of only 1.26%. Quebec is unable to make a clear-cut decision because around 20%, the English speaking population, aboriginals and others, want to remain with Canada, 40% want to be completely independent and 40% want sovereignty. This essay would prove that Quebec will not receive independence over the next couple years due to political issues, economic issues and level of autonomy.

“Analysts suggested that Quebecois voted with their wallets”(Pappas 32), which is why more people stated “No” to the question of independence. Quebec’s economic issue will become worse because they don’t have a more secure nation helping them out, and if the economy starts to do worse businesses may leave. This would cause unemployment, higher interest rates and taxes. In Quebec, most of the economy was aided by the English speaking population and because of the rough language laws, businesses may also leave to Toronto.

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25% of Canada’s debt was because of Quebec, so Quebec would have a rough start if they separate. Quebec would need to start its own businesses, pay for its own health care, pension, post secondary education etc., Quebec would need to obtain their own resources and trading partners, and they may develop their own army, for who they need to pay. In conclusion, independence may lead to many economic issues.

During the last election in Canada, majority of the Quebecers voted NDP instead of the Bloc Quebecois. NDP had said they would give Quebec more rights within Canada, therefore, Quebecers don’t want to separate, and they just want more rights. Until a new, energetic premier,comes to power in Quebec, it wouldn’t be able to get the Quebecers onto their side. During the 1995 referendum, Quebec was getting closer to separation when Parti Quebecois had good leadership like Jacque Parizeau. If Quebec does separate, they won’t be able to sustain themselves due to the lack of government. Currently the Quebec government is equal to the other provincial governments, so until it becomes better with federal rights they won’t be able to separate. Lastly, Quebec isn’t sure that they it would have enough members in international organizations. Wrapping up, until the Quebec government comes into a good position, it will not separate from Canada.

Quebec’s level of autonomy may resist the idea of separation for Quebec. In order to make sure that Quebec wouldn’t separate, Canada made it bilingual. Quebec was able to make French its official language and also other laws representing their Nationality such as students were only allowed to attend French schools after passing a test, immigrants were forced to go to a French school and the French Language law, Bill 101, which stated that the French language had to be used in the government, courts, businesses, and signs had to be in French within the province. Canada also tried to help Quebec through constitutional agreements by accepting its conditions, which majority of the provinces accepted except for two. Laws regarding language, and immigration were two factors of sovereignty and Quebec got these two without even becoming sovereign or independent. Soon enough, Canada may give in to other factors that were a part of the proposal of sovereignty to make sure that Quebec didn’t separate. This shows why the level of Quebec’s autonomy would resist it from separating from Canada.

From this essay, one could tell that political issues, economic issues, and level Autonomy are three reasons resisting Quebec from separating from Canada overtime. Canada tried adopting the French language through new laws hoping to defy Quebec from Separating. Firstly, she has given Quebec a higher level of Autonomy than the other provinces allowing them to make their own laws. Secondly, most of Quebec’s economy is controlled by the English speaking population of Quebec, so if it separates, most would remain with Canada causing Quebec to have economic issues. Lastly, Quebec is having political issues with the idea of separation due to the dreadful government it currently has, therefore making the citizens go against independence. The reason above, clearly state, why Canada will not receive independence over a matter of time.

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An Analysis of the Factors Preventing Quebec to Receive Its Independence. (2022, May 10). Retrieved from

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