Urbanization in Rio de Janeiro Brazil
As civilization continues to develop, the rural characteristics of various towns and areas continue to be removed. This removal Is resulting In the Immense growth of cities all across the world. Arbitration Is a process that has previously occurred and continues to take place In nearly every part of the world that humans have inhabited. With a metropolitan population of more than twelve million people in two thousand two, ROI De Jeanine Brazil is the alignments largest metropolitan area in the world, larger than Chicago, Paris and London (Bryn, Retina, 2003: 599).
It is a city that appears appealing to many with its alluring climates and, more importantly, its numerous occupational opportunities. Although there are various reasons for the increasing population in the city of ROI De Jeanine, it is clear that Arbitration plays the largest role in the overpopulation that has taken place over the past few decades. There are a plethora of problems that this rapid Arbitration is causing for the city, however, the pull factors drawing people to the city and the push factors pushing those same people away from their rural areas seem to outweigh the risks of migrating to an overcrowded metropolis.
There are certainly a variety of factors pulling those living in rural areas of Brazil to migrate to ROI De Jeanine. One of the most obvious is that many see the city as an ultimate land of opportunity. In other words, it will be much easier for people to find work when they live in such a large area with a greater number of opportunities. Overall, those outside of ROI De Jeanine see a vast convenience in simply moving there. A BBC article on Arbitration suggests that “access to education, health, social services and cultural events is much more readily available in a city than in a rural setting” (2002).
Additionally, everything is located so closely in cities which can make motor ventricle use unnecessary Tort many colleens. Something that I Nils Is certainly would draw in populations as running an automobile is a large expense. ROI De Jeanine has efficient mass transportation systems in place because of its large population. Systems such as this are not feasible for rural populations (“Arbitration,” 2002). Finally, ROI De Jeaneries density of people, wealth and other city resources provide a better opportunity for citizens to receive noteworthy educations.
Basically, when enough people are put together in a small area, hey start coming up with ideas to do things – cultural, political, commercial and social activities that Just don’t occur outside of cities (“Arbitration,” 2002). Therefore, without the development of cities, universities which attract to those with ambition would have never come about. When reviewing the appealing factors of moving into the city of ROI De Jeanine, it is understandable why the city has become so overpopulated. Although the pull factors do make migrating to ROI De Jeanine sound ideal, there are several issues that rapid Arbitration has caused.
The most prominent problem is the newcomers’ search for housing. Many new migrants to cities in ROI De Jeanine cannot afford housing. Therefore, they are forced to build temporary accommodation in spontaneous settlements. I nose settlements are class Janice nee as Taverns or slums. According to autumn Permian, these settlements usually occur in two main areas of ROI: along the steep hillsides, or along the outer fringes of urban expansion (1999: 24). These settlements are built of scrap materials and often have no water, sanitation or electricity.
A Brazilian woman spoke out in an article stating, “the urban world is not world of cities, it is a world made of slums” (Wooden, 2007: 13). Garbage is either incinerated on the hills or brought down to the street where the city is supposed to haul it away. If incineration occurs, this can easily ignite many of the wooden houses and cause people become sick due to the smoke. Since the city often does not live up to its obligation to haul away the trash, it can build up on street and also become a source for disease (Godlier, 1991: 19).
Many consider the velars the source of Iris’s urban problems, citing them for crime, violence, promiscuity, family breakdown and the creation of a culture of poverty. The prevailing view is that the velars are Just a transfer of poverty form the entry to the city and are responsible for the negative effects of over-Arbitration (Hall, 1995: 90). Others view the vela as Just another part of the framework of ROI. It is a natural occurrence of the city and is compared to a weed growing in a garden, there will always be weeds. Despite these views, attempts to m to be a great challenge.
Earners ten Taverns Ana deal Walt ten son retag AT telltales are proving Unfortunately the vela settlements and conditions that come along with them are not the only negative impacts that Arbitration has had and continues to have on ROI do Jeanine. There are various environmental problems that are occurring which are also due to Arbitration. One of the most obvious differences between an urban and a rural area is the air quality. Due in large part to heavy motor vehicle traffic, and also to energy production, it is often that a large cloud of smog hangs over ROI.
This polluted air is, in addition to being quite ugly, a public health problem. Secondly, an academic article links the occurrence of acid rain in Brazil to also be caused by pollutants released by industries and the large fleet of vehicles (Santos et al. , 2007: 87). Subsequently, as ROI becomes more and more urbanize, the water cycle changes dramatically. Generally, cities have more precipitation than surrounding areas, with pollutants and convection currents that cause raindrop formation. Once the water falls, instead of being absorbed by the soil, it is instead channeled into run-off systems, picking up ground along the way.
This pollution is added to that brought about by industrial waste and sewage disposal, which is often untreated in ROI De Jeanine. The final environmental problem cause Arbitration is the overall destruction of habitat. To make room for migrants, many trial land sources such as wetlands are paved over which leads to a loss of ecosystems (Interpol, 102: 2004). Therefore, any species dependent on that ecosystem die out in the area. Ultimately, as ROI De Jeanine continues to become more urbanize and populated, the environment continues to suffer.
On a more positive note, there are efforts being made in an attempt to prevent the negative impacts that Arbitration has on this beautiful city. The direction those that are helping are heading in can be directly related to Karl Mar’s theory that correlates overpopulation with capitalism. Governments are focusing mainly on improving the slums and velars of ROI. In other words, they are attempting to reduce poverty, which is precisely the theory that Marx suggests will be the most successful in lowering overpopulated cities.
Temporary wooden shacks have been rebuilt using brick rather than scraps, and water and electricity is somewhat more common nowadays in the slums. Furthermore, a 300 million dollar Vela Barrio project has been set up to help improve the living conditions of those struggling in ROI (McCann, 2006: 153). They plan to widen streets and put in pavements to decrease the risk of accidents on the roads Also, water peoples wall De alai as well as saddles Tort electricity as tense are Don crucial, especially water.
Plans for safe places for children to play such as football fields are also in the works, as many children often find themselves in danger due to crime and lack of safe places to play. These plans are beginning to look successful, and many are being put into action. However, it will take a great deal of time to change what has already been done. Also, some of these plans will still play a role in the negative impact of Arbitration. For example, paving the streets will story some natural land sources while also leading to greater transportation which irrevocably results in more air pollution.
The fact that Arbitration is still happening so quickly makes it tough to take complete control over the issue. It is undeniable that Arbitration in ROI De Jeanine is not going to end any time soon, Just as it will not in various other countries around the globe. The ultimate goal of urban planning appears to be achieving the benefits ROI De Jeanine provides while attempting to limit overwhelming negative consequences that come with those striving to get the benefits. Although educing poverty may help, formulating plans to deal with the growth of ROI De Jeanine rather than letting it grow naturally is the most logical method.
It is true that these plans will be challenging but they will also allow for a more adequate structure to support the population. It can be said that planning cities for sustainable growth is one of the major challenges facing humanity at the beginning of the third millennium. Despite the efforts being made to improve the living conditions of those struggling within ROI De Jeanine, Arbitration is a barrier that will take an extensive amount of time to overcome.
- Bryn, R. , Lie, J. , Retina, S. (2003). Sociology Your Compass For a New World.