Reading Literature Vocabulary

a version of an original source which is modified for presentation in another form, such as a film, musical, or play

a reference to a person place or event from history literature or religion with which a reader is likely to be familiar with

To separate a whole into its parts

archetypal character
a character who represents a certain type of person

a statement that seeks to convince readers of something addresses a problem, and takes a position
this involves one or more reasons presented by a speaker/ writer to lead the audience to a conclusion on an issue

the key point made in a passage is its _____ idea

central argument
the dominant and controlling argument

central message
the theme of a passage story novel poem or drama that readers can apply to life

an individuals mental or moral quality

the combination of ways that an author shows readers what a person in a literary selection is like

the people or animals who take part in a literary work

the notation of a source used for a paper

something widely recognized as a model or example of a type of literary work

classical literature
this includes great masterpieces of Greek roman and other ancient civilization as well as any writing that is widely considered a model of its form

when you use pieces of information on a subject to base your opinion or make a decision

often an antagonist relationship that drives the plot of a story

this refers to the feelings and associations that go beyond the dictionary definition of a word

the framework of meaning which surrounds a specific word sentence idea or passage
when we find the meaning of a work by looking at the words and sentences around it , we are using these clues

context clues
These are in the text surrounding a word and give hints for the meaning of the word.

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They are called ___

The _____ idea of a passage is the idea which is dealt with and recurs throughout the passage.

cultural elements
This includes language, ideologies, beliefs, values, and norms. These elements help to shape the life of a society.

cultural setting
This is the phrase for the set of values, beliefs, and opinions shared by a group and surrounding the author at the time of her writing.

Usually found in a dictionary, this tells you the meaning of a word or phrase.

the literal definition

piece of info used to support main idea

words spoken by characters

This is the writer’s choice of words, including the vocabulary used, the appropriateness of the words, and the vividness of the language.

direct characterization
When a character is revealed by clear descriptions by the author, this is called _____ characterization.

a character that changes in a story

This is the substitution of an agreeable or non-offensive phrase for one that might be unpleasant or offensive.

This word means anything that happens to or is done by a character in a story.

information that supports a though or belief

the name for what is gathered through the process of living

writing about imaginary characters and events

figurative language
goes beyond the literal meanings of words to create special effects or feelings

This is a scene, a conversation, or an event that interrupts the present action to show something that happened in the past

flat character
character that is not fully developed

formal language
This kind of language usually has longer sentences and a greater variety of words than everyday speech. Slang, contractions, and jargon are avoided.

historical context
the setting and circumstances in which a literary work is written or an event occurs.

historical setting
This is the political, social, cultural, and economic ‘time and place’ surrounding the creation of a literary text.

a phrase in common use that can not be understood by literal or ordinary meaninga

implied meaning
a suggested but not stated definition

This is when an author reveals a person in the story through his/her words, thoughts, appearance, action, or what others think or say about him/her. It is called ___ characterization.

This is reading between the lines. It is taking something that you read and putting it together with something that you already know to make sense of what you read. You make an _____.

informal language
This is what people use in everyday speech. It usually consists of fairly short sentences and simple vocabulary. It is called _______ speech or language

informal text
This is a type of real-world writing that presents material that is necessary or valuable to the reader.

internal conflict
when a character has a problem within his or herself

This refers to the language of a specialized type, usually dealing with a narrow area of study or knowledge. It has a slightly negative connotation, and can imply that the language is mere word play

literal meaning
This is the ordinary, usual, or exact meaning of words, phrases, or passages. No figurative language or interpretation is involved.

literary summary
A _____ summary is a synopsis of the events, characters, and ideas in a work of literature.

main idea
the central and most important idea of a passage

means of mass communication

a way of communicating information

This is the wants, needs, or beliefs that cause a character to act or react in a particular way.

This is a genre that often includes detectives and a crime that must be solved.

This is a traditional tale about gods, goddesses, heroes, and other characters.

This is a body or collection of tales belonging to a people and addressing their origin, history, deities, ancestors, and heroes. It explains the actions of gods and goddesses or the cause of natural phenomena and includes supernatural elements.

This is when the meaning is NOT exact or word for word. It is figurative and it requires interpretation.

This is an expression of an author’s personal belief. It is not something that can be proved to be true or false.

This is the restatement of a written work in one’s own words that keeps the basic meaning of the original work.

person vs self
This describes the type of conflict when the leading character struggles with himself/herself; with his conscience, feelings, or ideas.

This is a writer’s or speaker’s point of view about a particular subject, and is often influenced by their beliefs or by events in their lives.

a series of events that happens in a literary work

point of view
This is the perspective from which a story is told. It is the way the author lets the readers see and hear the story; who tells the story

If you repeat the words someone else has said or written, you ______ them.

This is a small division of a play that usually happens in a particular time and place.

the order in which events are told in a story

This is arranging things in order so they can be numbered or related in a connected series.

the time and place of a story

He was a great poet and playwright during the English Renaissance. His works include Romeo and Juliet, The Tragedy of Macbeth, and many sonnets.

this is a person, book, document, website or record that provides information.
A research __________ is any material that can be used to locate information about a given topic.

A _________ character does not change during the course of the action.

This refers to a writer’s arrangement or overall design of a literary work. It is the way words, sentences, and paragraphs are organized to create a complete work.

to state breifly

to strengthen or prove an argument or idea by providing facts, details, examples and other information
To strengthen your ideas and opinions with examples, facts, or details is to add _____ details

supporting evidence
These are the facts or details that back up a main idea, theme, or thesis.

technical writing
This is writing that communicates specific information about a particular subject, craft, or occupation.

This is a form of suspense or potential conflict. It can occur between characters or arise from general situations.

This is the message, usually about life or society, that an author wishes to convey through a literary work.

The main point or central idea that a writer states and then endeavors to prove is called a ____.

thesis statement
This is the the main idea of an essay, usually expressed as a generalization that is supported with concrete evidence.

This is the attitude that an author takes toward the audience, the subject, or a character.

This is the specific part of a subject that is dealt with in a research paper or in an essay.

traditional text
This is the CONVENTIONAL means of relating a story or information-generally in print format like novels or storybooks. It includes CLASSIC stories such as myths and folktales.

universal theme
this is the central message of a story, poem, novel, or play that many readers can apply to their own experiences, or to those of all people.

This is a writer’s opinion or standpoint on an issue

word choice
This is another way of saying “diction.” This can help reveal a) the tone of the work, b) connotations of meaning, and/or c) his style of writing.
This is the author’s or speaker’s craft or style. It might be formal, informal, or even slang. Diction is a synonym.

this is a comparison based on a similarity between things that are otherwise dissimilar

author’s purpose
the reason for creating written work

categorical claim
This is a blanket statement about something. It is used to as a strategy to convince readers of the truth of the writer’s position. It is called a __________ claim.

Chronological Order
This is the arrangement of events in the order in which they occur.

When two ideas are used to prove each other, we call this ________ reasoning.

When an author makes a ____, (s)he is stating something which might or might not be true. It must be argued.

This is to clear up or to make information more understandable: to explain.

Counter Argument
This is an argument that makes an opposing point to another argument. It expresses the view of a person who disagrees with your position.

Deductive Logic
This is the process of forming a specific consequence from general observations.

These are the instructions that tell how to do something.

Either-Or Fallacy Technique
This propaganda technique is also called “black-and-white thinking” because only two choices are given. You are either for something or against it; there is no middle ground or shades of gray. It is used to polarize issues, and negates all attempts to find a common ground.

This is information that supports a thought or belief.

Explicit Directions
Directions that are clearly stated are also called ______.

This is a statement that can be proved to be true or false. It is not an opinion.

Fallacious Reasoning
This is reasoning based on false or invalid arguments.

This is a false or mistaken idea or statement.

Implied Meaning
This is a suggested, but not stated, definition.

In-text Citation
This phrase refers to the documentation of information within the body of a paper: when you provide information about the source within your paper.

This is an exact word-for-word meaning, without exaggeration.

Literary Narrative
This is a collection of events that tells a story, which may be true or not, placed in a particular order and recounted through either telling or writing.

Logical Fallacy
This is a part of an argument that is flawed and makes the argument invalid, an error in reasoning.

Logical Order
This refers to the way that ideas and details are arranged in a piece of writing.

Multiple Meaning
This is when one word has more than one definition.

Order Of Importance
This is used when details are organized by degree of impact.

In writing, this is the process of ordering, structuring and presenting information. It is called the _____ of the text.

This is a section in a piece of writing that discusses a particular point or topic. It always begins with a new line, usually with indentation.

This is to convince

Persuasive Appeal
This is a type of writing or speech that attempts to convince a reader to think or act in a particular manner.

Persuasive Techniques
These are techniques used to convince. They include repetition, sentence variety, understatement, and overstatement.

Persuasive Text
This type of text attempts to convince a reader to adopt a particular opinion or course of action.

This is a group of words used as a single part of speech.

This is an author’s intention, reason, or drive for writing the piece.

Question And Answer
This is a way to organize paragraph or composition structure in which the author poses a question then answers it.

This is to make improvements to a piece of writing.

When something closely relates to a subject it is called _________ to the subject.

Rhetorical Strategy
This is a plan an author uses to effectively deliver the intended message in written work.

This is a list of three or more items, usually separated by commas.

This is a talk or public address.

Supporting Sentence
A _____ sentence helps to clarify, describe, explain, or enhance the main idea of a paragraph.

This is a statement that is sound or just, well-founded.

This of a source means the accuracy of the information. Is it up-to-date, written by a reliable author, contained in a reputable publication, and directly related to the topic?

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Reading Literature Vocabulary. (2018, Jan 22). Retrieved from

Reading Literature Vocabulary
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