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Poetry Presentation

Robert Browning
Thought of as the most important Victorian poet after Tennyson; an adventurous/experimental poet; barely 5 yrs old when he wrote his first poem

Dramatic Monologue
Imagines speakers utter thoughts to implied listeners (what they say is not necessarily what they mean)

My Last Duchess
Based on life of Alfonso II, duke of Ferrara, Italy; first wife died after 3 yrs of marriage; duke is very possessive

Literary Devices in MLD
Iambic pentameter, synecdoche, metaphor, diction (my last duchess), personification, allusion

My Last Duchess: Duke
Very possessive, killed his last wife, speaking to a peasant/servant

“My Papa’s Waltz” Speaker
Himself (The author); a little boy

“My Papa’s Waltz” Occasion
Family Life and Missing his father

“My Papa’s Waltz” audience
General audience

“My Papa’s Waltz” purpose
To show the joyful moments of life

“My Papa’s Waltz” setting
His kitchen

“My Papa’s Waltz” Tone
Sad, depressing, bittersweet, nostalgic

Overall Effect of “My Papa’s Waltz”
Negative statements but wants the reader to dig deep to find the happiness in the poem

“Metaphor” Literary Era
Feminism, most female poets attempted to express their anger without angering men

Theodore Roethke
Lost his father at 15, had a fascination with nature, suffered from mental breakdowns, uncle and father committed suicide

“My Papa’s Waltz” Literary Era
Modernism; “A drive to abstract”

“Hazel Tells Laverne” Tone
Humorous, joking, enthusiastic

Historical Era of “Hazel Tells Laverne”
1970s; women began gaining rights; 60% of all working women were employed as domestic servants

Literary Era of “Hazel Tells Laverne”
Realism; authors wrote about things relevant to the world; movement against romanticism

Kathryn Howd Machan
Feminist and director of national feminist women’s writing workshops

Lasting Effect of “Metaphors”
Effects of feminism, allowed her to reach out without angering men

“Hazel Tells Laverne” Structure
Monologue; enjambment; hyperbole; symbolism

“Hazel Tells Laverne” Background
Spoken from pov of a maid/servant; feminist pov (hazel’s job, how she recounts the incident, and how she responded to the frog’s offer)

Sonnet 130: Literary Era
Wrote during Elizabethan era (English poetry received great attention), English sonnets rose, literature was accepted no matter topic, poets made own styles of poetry, coined new words

Sonnet 130: Historical Era
Golden age of English history, break from many wars, relationships were bound by physical appearance, allowed for love and happiness due to break from wars

Shakespearean Sonnet
3 quatrains (3•4 lines) & a couplet (2 lines); first 12 lines are description/narration; couplet contains poet’s main idea

Italian Sonnet
1 octave(8 lines) and a sestet (6), contains an octave (the argument), and the counter argument

Sonnet 130 Analysis
Parody of typical love sonnets at the time; emphasized normal beauty; denotes women in poetry

Sonnet 130 Literary Devices
Metaphor, connotation, antithesis

“The Man He Killed” Analysis
The war was hard on its soldiers; showed the regret and horrors of war

Thomas Hardy
Influenced by Romanticism; wrote during Victorian era; focused on war and its effects

Historical era of “The Man He Killed”
Boer war; World War I; poem about a regretful man thinking of war

Literary Era of “The Man He Killed”
Victorian era: narrative poems, not lyrical, meter and rhythm used more often than imagery, common theme was to discuss moral issues

Overall effect of “The Man He Killed”
Shows his guilt in killing another man

Robert Frost
Had 5 children (2 developed mental illnesses), received 40 honor degrees, loved nature

Historical Era of “Nothing Gold Can Stay”
Social & political change: many were uncomfortable with rapid urbanization, nature/rural areas were industrialized, women were granted the right to vote, America was the most wealthy country

Literary Era of “Nothing Gold Can Stay”
Realism: belief that a single reality could be determined through observations of nature
Modernism: belief that people ale their own meaning in the world

“Nothing Gold Can Stay” Analysis
Nature is priceless, the rural areas are more beautiful/precious than the urbanized cities

Purpose of “Nothing Gold Can Stay”
Beauty and value is slowly fading and that nothing good can last forever

“Richard Cory” Analysis
Spoken from pov of the working class, occasion: the shocking death, tone: ironic, unfortunate

“Richard Cory” Themes
More than what lies at the surface, affluence does not guarantee mental stability/happiness

Edwin Arlington Robinson
Came from a wealthy family, lived in the shadow of his brother, the poem is about his brother’s life

Literary Era “Richard Cory”
Realism in America: opposite of romanticism, describes the world as one sees it, realistic

Historical Era: “Richard Cory”
Industrial revolution & the panic of 1893. The closing of banks lead to the loss of author’s entire family fortune

Sylvia Plath
Killed herself @ 30, very depressed, highly feministic

“Mirror” Literary Era
Confessionalism: 1950-60; Beats Movement: writers opposed to affluence & authoritarian control

“Mirror” Historical Era
Great Depression, World War II, Korean War, Beginning of Vietnam Conflict, Cold War

Sylvia Plath: Biography
Tried to kill herself at age 10, father died, married and later divorced, her son committed suicide

“Mirror” Symbolism
Mirror: overpowered men, ideals of society; faces and darkness: men and their dominance

“To an Athlete Dying Young” analysis
‘From fields where glory does not stay’ = the graveyard

“Ex-Basketball Player” Analysis
‘Berth’ = his final resting place

Victorian Era
Narrative poems, not lyrical, meter and rhythm used more often than imagery, common theme was to discuss moral issues

Feminist Literary Era
Attempted to express thoughts without angering men

Modernism
‘A drive to abstract’
Belief that people can create their own meaning in the world

Realism
Things relevant to the world; drive against romanticism

Elizabethan Era
English poetry received great attention, English sonnets rise, literature was accepted no matter topic, poets made new forms of poetry and coined words

Confessionalism
Focused on extreme moments of individual experience, the psyche, and personal trauma

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