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External Structure of Poetry

Rhyme
the sameness of sound between words or syllables

Feminine Rhyme
sameness of sound of unaccented syllables

Masculine Rhyme
sameness of sound of accented syllables

End Rhyme
sameness of sound at the end of the poem’s line

Rhyming Couplet
sameness of the last words of the last two lines of a poem

Rhyme Scheme
to mark a poem’s rhyme pattern using a lettering system

Aliteration
the preposition of sound consonants at the beginning of a word

Onomatopoeia
use of words whose sounds suggest their meaning

Assonance
the repetition of similar vowel sounds

Stanza
group of lines

Quatrain
stanza of 4 lines

Refrain
word, phrase or line repeated regularly

Blank Verse
poetry that has rhythm but no set rhyme

Line arrangement
playing with the arrangement of lines of a poem to create a visual effect

Free verse
no rhythm or rhyme

Scansion
to mark a poem into its rhythm pattern

Rhythm
alteration of sound

Foot
a measured pattern of sound

U Short
unstressed syllable

I Long
stressed syllable

iambic
UI

trochaic
IU

Pyrrhic
UU

Spondaic
II

Anapestic
UUI

Dactylic
IUU

Meter
one measured foot of rhythm (line)

Monometer
one meter per line

Dimeter
two meters per line

Trimeter
three meters per line

Tetrameter
four meters per line

Pentameter
five meters per line

UI UI
iambic dimeter

IUU IUU IUU IUU
dactylic tetrameter

Masculine Endings
Uses a ^ to complete the meter

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