Education and Social Inequality
Phase 4 DB Part II
Dianna B. Adams
July 26, 2010
Education is very important for people??™s success in life. Education provides skills for you
to be prepare physical, mental, and social for the world. Education is the foundation of society
that brings economic wealth, social prosperity and political stability. The higher education helps to maintain a healthy society to prepare healthcare profession, teachers, lawyers and doctors. One of the main purposes of education is to educate individuals within society to prepare and qualify them for work in economy and integrate people into society. This help to keep value and morals of society smooth and remain stable. It helps prepare the youth for the next generation of leader.
Education mainly begins at home one does not acquire knowledge from a teacher; one can learn and get knowledge from a parent or a family member.
The role social stratification plays on education is the assumption that private schools will provide quality education to students for their academic and holistic human development. Private school attention is providing a better condition, diverse curricular and experienced teachers. The private is promise quality education for their clients. The ideal marketing is to assume quality product will bring success. The parents believe that quality education in private school will enable their children to succeed in competition with the world. The private schools admit students on their abilities to pay (Zhang, 1996). Some school select students based upon their previous academic performance. Some teachers did not feel that they were prepared for the demanding workloads of private schools.
Social mobility is the degree to which in a given society, an individual??™s social status can change throughout the course of his or her life or the degree to which that individuals offspring and generations more up and down class system. Horizontal social mobility (Sorokin, 1959) or shifting this means the transition of an individual from one social group to another situated on the same level. For example, one may move from one factory to another in the same occupational status, from one family to another (through marriage), from one citizenship to another, and from one place to another place. Morality rates are higher where black is higher not because of the mechanical effect of higher black mortality rates and lower black income. There is a racial gap in labor market productivity. This discrimination affects family and community resources. The polices that was designed in the 1960??™s, racial discrimination in labor markets and education opportunities is still existing in 1990??™s, charged with being both unnecessary and unfair. The breakthroughs of racial barriers in jobs and education have been more difficult to sell. The affirmative action is the effort to enforce some kind of proportional participation of blacks and whites in job categories government contracts and higher education has been criticism. The reverse discrimination is hiring an unqualified minority worker that leads to unfair inefficient production and reduced incentives for minority workers to become qualified. Becker (1957) and Arrow (1973) discrimination is based on the personal prejudice of employees who are willing to sacrifice profits to avoid lining minority workers. The wages differential is vulnerable to competitive pressure. Low wages provide an opportunity for unprejudiced employers to earn higher profits by hiring the underpaid but, equally productive minority workers. Wage differentials due to prejudice do require government action if prejudiced employers are able to maintain racial barriers to employment. Donohue and Heckman (1991) argue that this was the case in the American South until federal government actions in the 1960??™s , helped break down the enforcing the desegregation of jobs and schools.
Arrow, Kenneth J., ???The Theory of Discrimination???, In Discrimination in Labor Markets, edited by Orley Ashenfelter and Albert Rees 3-33 Princeton: Princeton University Press 1973
Becker, Gary, The Economic of Discrimination, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1957
Donohue, John H, and James Heckman, ???Continous versus Episode Change: The Impact of Civil Rights Policy on the Economic Status of Blacks???, Journal of Economic Literature 29 December (1991) 1603-1643