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1301 US HIST The United States History Ch.23 Quiz

What characterized the period Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover described as New Era in 1920?
b.A freewheeling economy and a heightened sense of individualism

America’s return to a peacetime economy in 1920-1921 was marked by?
d. a 20% unemployment rate, highest to date

In its efforts to create prosperity at home, the Harding administration supported?
a. high tariffs to protect American businesses.

President Harding’s administration was characterized by
c. scandals that involved many members of his administration

President Calvin Coolidge’s economic policy included?
b. reductions in government regulation of business

What did the presidential election of 1924, in which Calvin Coolidge defeated John W. Davis and Robert La Follette, reveal about the priorities of American voters?
a. The election results revealed voters lack of support for labor unions the regulation of business and the protection of civil liberties

President Harding’s most ambitious foreign policy initiative was?
d. establishing a balance of naval power with Britain, France, Japan, and Italy.

What was the purpose of the Dawes Plan, which was instituted in 1924?
b. The plan cut Germany’s annual reparations payments in half and initiated fresh American loans to Germany.

Which industry formed the keystone of the American economy in the 1920’s?
D. The automobile industry

The outcome of the shift toward repetitive assembly-line work and specialized management divisions in the 1920s was?
d. a tremendous increase in business productivity and overall efficiency

Who was responsible for the creation of welfare capitalism in the 1920s, and why did they use it?
c. businesses created welfare capitalism to encourage workers; loyalty to the company.

What did the authors of Middletown conclude from their study of life in a small Midwestern town in the 1920s?
C) The United States had developed a culture in which everything hinged on money.

Which relatively new industry in the 1920s linked the possession of material goods to the fulfillment of spiritual and emotional needs?
D) Advertising

Which element of the American economy during the 1920s lay at the heart of its fundamental lack of stability?
c.Consumption

Many Americans in the 1920s view Sigmund Freud’s pioneering work in the psychology of the unconscious as ?
A) a justification for impulsive behavior.

In the United States, the flapper of the 1920s represented?
d. a challenge to women’s traditional gender roles

Which of the following statements exemplifies President Harding’s stance on prohibition in the 1920s?
b.Liquor flowed freely in the White House during his administration

Which of the following statements describes the Sheppard Towner Act of 1921, which gave federal assistance to states seeking to reduce high infant morality rates?
a. It was women’s only significant national legislative success in the 1920s

One factor that diluted the influence of women in politics in the 1920s was?
A) the lack of unity around the issues, which diminished women voters’ impact.

During the 1920s, most American women who worked had?
b. office and sales jobs

The image of the new woman in American society in the 1920?
C) was felt by all women, even those who believed in traditional gender roles.

When black veterans of World War I returned home from their deployments, they found ?
C. race riots and economic hardship.

Marcus Garvey’s Universal Negro Improvement Association urged black Americans in the 1920s to?
b. rediscover their African heritage and take pride in their own culture and achievements.

Which of the following describes the outpouring of African American literature and art in New York City in the 1920s?
d. The era in which African American literature and art flooded New York was known as the Harlem Renaissance.

The rapid growth of radio in the United States between 1922 and 1929 was funded by?
D. advertisers, who wanted to reach prospective customers in their own homes.

What did popular culture and consumer goods have in common in the 1920s?
d. Both were mass-produced and mass consumed.

Which of the following statements describes professional baseball in the 1920s?
d. (The game attracted players & spectators from the working class)
a game by and for the working class to help “break out of the ordinariness of everyday life.” Babe Ruth was prominent and said to have singlehandedly “lightened the cares of the world”.

In the 1920s, Knute Rockne and Red Grange were associated with?
c. college and professional football.

In 1927, Charles Lindbergh became the first person to?
b. fly nonstop across the Atlantic Ocean

One result of the loosening of the traditional bonds of community, religion, and family in the United States in the 1920s was?
c. the emergence of youth as a distinct social class with their own culture

For which group of Americans did authors Ernest Hemmingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, William Faulkner, and Sinclair Lewis speak?
c. Critics of American anti-intellectualism and materialism

During the 1920s, rural Americans perceive cities as?
d. idyllic places where they might go to enjoy restaurants, theater, museums.

The purpose of the immigration laws of the 1920s, including the Johnson-Reed Act, was to?
b. place strict limits on immigration.

What did the outcome of the Sacco and Vanzetti trial suggest about the United States in the 1920s?
D. Antiforeign hysteria was rampant in many areas of American life.

What accounted for the reemergence of the Ku Klux Klan in the United States in 1915?
a. the widespread belief that blacks, immigrants, radicals, feminists, Catholics, and Jews threatened traditional American values.

Which of the following describes the Ku Klux Klan of the mid-1920s?
D) The KKK had a strong influence on politics in California, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Oregon, and Texas.

The central issue addressed by the highly publicized scopes trial of 1925 was ?
b.the legality of the teaching of Darwin’s theory of evolution in Tennessee

How did Americans respond to Alfred E. Smith’s candidacy for president in 1928?
C. As a symbol of all they feared—Catholicism, immigration, cities, and liberal attitudes

Which words from President Herbert Hoover’s 1929 inaugural address would turn out to be ironic in light of events during his presidency?
a.”Given a chance to go forward with the policies of the last eight years, we shall soon with the help of God be in sight of the day when poverty will be banished from this nation.”

When Herbert Hoover took office in 1929, he brought to the presidency ?
a. modern ideas about how businesses should operate

Which of the following characterized the U.S. economy when Herbert Hoover moved into the White House in 1929?
a. There was a huge disparity in wealth between rich and poor.There was a huge disparity in wealth between rich and poor.

Among the fist signs of economic distress in the United States in the mid-1920s was ?
d. a slowdown in the new construction and in automobile sales.

The fundamental cause of the Great Depression in the United States was?
b. problems in the American and international economies.

What did President Hoover do to offer a solution to the human problems of the depression in 1929?
A) He instituted a voluntary recovery plan, protective tariffs, and some government intervention, including public works projects and small federal loans to states.

The purpose of the President Hoovers Reconstruction Finance Corporation, created in 1932, was to?
c. lend money to endangered American banks, insurance companies, and railroads.

By the early 1930s, unemployed workers were responding to the Great Depression by ?
C) becoming increasingly outraged and turning toward militant forms of protest.

Which group was hardest hit by the Great Depression?
d. The unemployed, tenant farmers, and sharecroppers

How did the Great Depression affect the American family in the 1930s?
C) It created resentment among men, who lost their jobs more often than women did.

The Hoover administration responded to the World War I. veterans who asked for the immediate payment of their pension or bonus?
a. by ordering the U.S. army to forcibly evict them from their camp on the edge of Washington, D.C.

Which group sponsored a team of lawyers to defend the nine young black men in Scottsboro, Alabama, who were arrested on trumped -up rape charges in 1931?
b.The Communist Party

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