Everything You Wanted to Know About the Industrial Revolution

Topics: Economics

Industrial Revolution in England Essay

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How Industrial Revolution Began Essay

In the 1700’s, England was the world’s leading colonial power. England’s colonies also provided a market for manufactured products. The manufacture and export of various cloths were vital to the English economy in the 17th and early 18th centuries. Before the Industrial Revolution, textiles were produced under the putting-out system, in which merchant clothiers had their work done in the homes of artisans or farming families. This was called the “cottage industry.” Production was limited by reliance on the spinning wheel and the hand loom; increases in output required more hand workers at each stage.In the early 1700s, there was great demand for cotton cloth.

The demand for cloth was so great that people could not supply enough cloth to satisfy demand. Invention dramatically changed the nature of textile work. In 1733 John Kay invented the Flying Shuttle, which made weaving very much faster. It was still a hand process, not an automated one, but the weaver could work more quickly and the cloth could be much wider. This was a device that resulted in greater production from a single loom, cloth of greater width, and reduced the need for as many people to tend the looms.

This was done by redesigning the mechanism which feeds out the weft, which is the thread that crosses the warp. Kay’s device became immediately unpopular with weavers because of their fear of becoming unemployed. In 1755 he was attacked by a mob who destroyed one of his looms. He died a destitute man in 1764, although his flying shuttle was used widely after his death. The later invention of powered looms was made possible by the invention of the flying shuttle.

The flying shuttle was a machine that reduced weaving time by half. Now, there was a new problem as there was an insufficient supply of yarn. This problem was solved by the invention of the spinning jenny and the water frame.

The Industrial Revolution in England

The Industrial Revolution brought about a major change in the lives of almost all of the people of England.The people of the working class benefitted from the Industrial Revolution.In other words, I am an optimist.I think that the standard of living of the people increased. However, I also believe that many people of the working class lost their independence as a result of the revolution.Greed did not increase over this time period because there was just as much greed before the Industrial Revolution.The Industrial Revolution was a step forward for women because they wanted to be at home with their children.

The working class in England had a higher standard of living during the Industrial The living standards of the working class of England improved during the Industrial Revolution.At the start of the revolution, from 1790 to 1815, prices and wages grew steeply.At this point, the prices were a little higher than the wages.This was due to the war against France from 1793 to 1815.Was it just a coincidence that the prices were higher only during the time that the war was going on?I do not believe that this was the case.Prices tend to go up during wars.After the war with France ended, the prices went back down very sharply.Wages did not decrease as much.

They went down marginally, but not close to the sharp decline in prices.For the bulk of the revolution, wages were higher than the prices. After the people of England had bought their necessities to live on, they still had money left over because of the decrease in prices. This constituted higher living standards because the people had more money to spend on things other than the necessities. Pessimists argue that the chart from which this information was taken is incorrect because it only shows factory workers.

The Industrial Revolution and Economy Essay

The industrial revolution occurred in the late 1700s and the early 1800s.England was the leader of the nations with France following right behind.The United States was left in their dust.In fact, we weren’t ahead of England till 1900.Though the American economy only boosted in this time we never fell back towards the past. The industrial revolution made the U.S. a country.It was a competitor with the stronger countries.

England hated the U.S. for two reasons thefirst is they gained their independence from them, and they could often make their goods less expensive then England so therefore sell them cheaper.An example of this is textiles England ended up being one of the United State’s main customers. The industrial revolution brought out inventions like the textile industry, spinning machines, steam engines, weaving machines, railroads, and many other advances in technology.These were invented in many different countries, and all the others found ways to improve them and make it better for themselves.

Though England tried to keep their inventions where they had started.They tried to maintain a monopoly over their discoveries and skills.In the early 1800s it was against the law for skilled craftsman to leave the country.Nevertheless, hundreds of skilled workers and manufacturers left Britain, taking their knowledge with them.They thought that they had a better chance of making money in the United States then at home. The impact it had on families was that many moved around factories.Like the textile mills again communities were built around the mills so that they would never have to travel to go to work, and the whole family would work there at least with the Slater system. The population in these rural areas began to skyrocket with immigrants hoping for a better life. In earlier years children started working at the age of 7.

Industrial Revolution and Efficiency Essay

Industrial Revolution, widespread replacement of manual labor by machines that began in Britain in the 18th century and is still continuing in some parts of the world. The Industrial Revolution was the result of many fundamental, interrelated changes that transformed agricultural economies into industrial ones. The most immediate changes were in the nature of production: what was produced, as well as where and how. Goods that had traditionally been made in the home or in small workshops began to be manufactured in the factory.

Productivity and technical efficiency grew dramatically, in part through the systematic application of scientific and practical knowledge to the manufacturing process. Efficiency was also enhanced when large groups of business enterprises were located within a limited area. The Industrial Revolution led to the growth of cities as people moved from rural areas into urban communities in search of work.

The changes brought by the Industrial Revolution overturned not only traditional economies, but also whole societies. Economic changes caused far-reaching social changes, including the movement of people to cities, the availability of a greater variety of material goods, and new ways of doing business.

The Industrial Revolution was thefirst step in modern economic growth and development. Economic development was combined with superior military technology to make the nations of Europe and their cultural offshoots, such as the United States, the most powerful in the world in the 18th and 19th centuries. The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain during the last half of the 18th century and spread through regions of Europe and to the United States during the following century. In the 20th century industrialization on a wide scale extended to parts of Asia and the Pacific Rim.

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Everything You Wanted to Know About the Industrial Revolution. (2019, Oct 10). Retrieved from https://paperap.com/industrial-revolution-12/

Everything You Wanted to Know About the Industrial Revolution
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