The style, desire, and necessity of mammals to convert carbohydrates into useful cellular energy is of great complexity. Ruminant, describes a subset of extant individuals with dual compartment digestion, wherein the individual digests with and without the assistance of bacteria and redelivers the meal for further digestion, to obtain a deeper level of nutrient satisfaction from “nutrient dense” food sources.
In this instance a nutrient dense food, like grass, cannot be easily consumed and converted into cellular energy due to its composition; as it stands, grass, is composed of dense fibrous cellulose matrices.
Not very many animals have efficient mechanisms of digesting the dense fiber that is found in grass. For example, in humans such a fibrous material is excreted as a waste byproduct.
This ruminant method of digestion is highly efficient across species yet, this tactic of nutrient absorption vis dual compartments remains to be rare, in the light of its evolutionary popularity amongst other living things. Moreover, scholars find that these organisms do not consume carbohydrates as efficiently as non-ruminants.
Such analyses of ruminant digestion have caused scientists to categorize ruminants into three general categories: browsers, grazes, and mixed feeders. Yet recently it has been suggested that ruminants do not exist independently within concrete categories but that they instead, exist within a broad spectrum from browsers to grazers.
The effects of genetics and morphological differences among ruminants was thought to correlate strongly, however ruminants of the same size do not differ very greatly from one another in their efficiency levels of carbohydrate digestion.
Because these organisms struggle with the digestion of complex sugars when fed a diet containing artificial sweeteners it is easy to see how the sweetener affects the ruminant. This also allows experimenters to answer questions surrounding the genetic factors that influence sugar digestion.
The applications of this digestive technique for studying phylogenetic distances across species are vast. As the way the scientific community reframes targeted principles of practice and methodological systems, especially as the way that data, accepted nomenclature, and the presentation of truth, is augmented, the surrounding cultural paradigm will shift. As it stands, the knowledge surrounding ruminant evolutionary history is threaded together thinly. Various mammals adopted this technique of digestion and it is frankly unclear how each ruminant species derived this trait alone from their common ancestor, and yet these descendants remain morphologically different.
The current approach does not drive towards new model systems bent on pleasing an educated audience where old models were impossible to comprehend without a basic understanding of scientific principles leaving the laymen audience behind, and unable to understand the structure of their own bodies better by understanding ruminant structure. The new system demands stricter definitions of key concepts and that the community of experts, must pick a perspective.
Thus, handing the proverbial lens of craft over to the audience. Yes, the studies done in ruminant digestion show that the culture surrounding the presentation of science to educated individuals is shaping the way that generalized scientific concepts, like ruminant digestion, frame the conversations of science which mold the status quo of socio-scientific ideologies; thereby each new application of the ruminant digestive model and society should move towards a bridge of understanding and more mutual existence for all audience members regardless of background. This will bring more creative minds to the forefront of digestive study and may unlock unanswered questions about the phylogenetic gaps in mammal digestive systems.