A black hole is a region of space time with such a strong force of gravity, everything, including light, can be pulled into the black hole. Objects are pulled in once they have gone beyond the event horizon, which marks the point of no return. They are called “black” because of the fact that all the light is pulled in, so it reflects no light. Black holes are formed when massive stars reach the end of their life cycle and collapse upon themselves.
As the black hole absorbs mass from it surroundings, it increases in size. By absorbing stars and merging With other black holes, supermassive black holes of millions of solar masses may form, It is theorized that supermassive black holes can be found at the center of most galaxies. including ours.
Anything that travels through the event horizon only moves Inward toward the black hole. Black holes can absorb any of the following astrophysical objects: Stars, satellites, planets, light.
and other objects in space. Not even light can escape once it has gone beyond the event horizon.
This is because inside the event horizon, there is such a deformation in spacetime, that all paths that an object can take lead towards the center of the black hole. The event horizon gets its name because any event which occurs Within the event horizon cannot be viewed by an observer outside of the event horizon. Another thing that happens in the event horizon is gravitational time dilation.
This causes time to literally slow down inside the event horizon. If you were to be on the outside of a black hole and watching an object be pulled in. the object will slow down as it gets closerto the black hole, It becomes slow enough that the object appears to stop. taking an infinite amount of time to reach the black hole. As it reaches the center, the object becomes so dim that it can no longer be seen, signaling that it has been pulled into the black hole. At the center of a black hole can be found a gravitational singularity. This is a region with an infinite space time curvature. This region at the center of the black hole has zero volume, but contains the entire mass of the black hole, giving it an infinite density.
Pulling objects in, the mass of the gravttational singularity increases. No objects can reach the gravitational singularity intact. Crushed by tidal forces, objects are pulled apart while being pulled into a black hole. Due to their nature, locating black holes is difficult. They emit not signals other than Hawking radiation, which is predicted to be a faint signal. Hawking radiation also provides little data about black holes. Inferring the existence of a black hole. SCIentists observe gravitational interactions with the surroundings of a black hole. Perplexed by the lack of data, scientists are unable to find much information about the interior of a black hole and it’s formation.