The following essay sample, titled “Human Development is About Human Freedoms and Opportunities,” talks about cognitive development and emotional development. Human development is connected with the fact that people must decide who to be, what to do and how to live. The two human developments that we will explore today are cognitive and emotional.
Cognitive development is about learning and developing your needs to learn through childhood, adultescence and adulthood, it is about a persons behaviour and looking at the way people think and are, There is an atypical and typical person, An atypical person would relate to Ronnie who has not been able to achieve his academic qualification from missing school and has not been nurtured correctly from his parents, he did not get taught anything from reading books, learning numbers, how to problem solve or giving and receiving he has had none of these as his mum was a drug addict and his dad left him at a young age, this has played a big part in Ronnies cognitive development.
Therefore he did not get brought up like a typical boy and he has now grown up in to an adult and into a stage in life where he has not got a home, no qualifications, no job and is homeless, whereas for a typical person at Ronnies age and stage in life would be known and seen to be someone who has been brought up correctly and has some academic qualifications from sticking in at school, has a job, a house and financially stable this is where Ronnie should be but has not yet met his cognitive development but he can change this as he has the ability to unlearn and relearn and be that typical person that he should be.
Emotional development is about changing the capacity to experience and expressing personal feelings as well as recognising and interpreting those of others. Due to Ronnie being placed to live in a residential care unit with strangers around him and not having the family he was needing at a young age he found himself socialising with a wrong crowd of people and with his mother passing away and dad leaving him he has not been able to express his emotions properly, he has not had the ability to speak about his thoughts and feelings with loved ones and due to this he now has no acknowledgement of how others around him are feeling, for this Ronnie has only been able to express anger and disruptive behaviour towards others and then turned to drugs as an only solution as this seems to be normal behaviour to him from those he has socialised with and interpreted.
Firstly every person has the right to have a social need, to be socially interactive with others, feel belonged, have acceptance and to be appreciated, Ronnie has had neither of these especially from when his father left him at a young age and when his grandparents could no longer look after him or keep him under their household, he has had no social interactions with family or friends at school, he did not feel accepted and loved and had no other choice but to be socially and physically involved with a bad crowd and turn to drugs when he got older this was his only solution in his mind where he felt that he belonged somewhere.
Ronnie had no one to turn to, where as if he was to be cared for at a hospital or in a residential care unit he would have professional people who are there to help him talk and feel comfortable with the care he is needing and make him feel belonged and involved having some acceptance and not being judged, this would be better for him than to receive care at home as he may well take himself back in to old patterns like before and socialise with the wrong crowd of people or he could do the opposite and be isolated from everyone.
The second need I am going to talk about is the Physical need which is about having a home with warmth ,water and food and having a stable physical life due to Ronnie developing the health condition deep vein thrombosis from living on the streets and having a drug addiction, I think it will be best for him to be cared for in a hospital or in a residential care unit as he will be guaranteed to be given the right care for his DVT with the right medication and will be supplied with water ,food and warmth this will help him to have a stable physical life and would be the best option as for if Ronnie was to be cared for at home, he may not have the full stability and receive the treatment that he requires for his DVT and this will cause it to develop into a worse scenario and could be life threaten, he may not have the warmth, water and the nutrition that he needs due to financial income, I also feel if he was to be at home that he would start to turn to drugs which would definitely make his condition worse and may stop taking the care that he needs to receive for his condition.
The third need I am going to explain about is the emotional need this need is about love, anger, frustration and happiness Ronnie has the right to express his thoughts and feelings and would be best to do this being cared for in a hospital or residential care unit as they can help him with his emotions and give him the right support he needs they will be an opening ear, I think this would be best as if he was at home he would express his thoughts and feelings through the use of drugs to take away the pain and hurt he has suffered and this would emotionally make is health unwell that may occur a mental health issue such as depression or anxiety.
C. The First care settings I have chosen is called Priory, this is a local service located in a hospital in Glasgow and helps with addiction and provides a rehibition facility. Working within this organisation they have registered nurses (RN) who are registered on the nursing midwifery council (NMC). The NMC maintains a register of all nurses, midwives and specialist community public health nurses, It sets and reviews standards for their education, training, conduct and performance.
The NMC also investigates allegations of impaired fitness to practise, It has been a statutory body since 2002, with an aim to protect the health and well-being of the public. The registered nurses have a duty to follow their codes of practice such as recognising and working within the limits of your competence and they will identify and observe signs of normal, worsening, physical and mental health within a person receiving care and make sure to inform other members of staff when action and treatment is needed this is a positive care service.
They also have the duty to follow their legislations one being the data protection act 1998 which has been recently updated in 2018 this is ensures that all personal data is obtained fairly and lawfully allowing privacy and protection on your individuals this would be details as such as their names, date of births, telephone numbers, bank details and next of kin. This information should always be updated and kept for no longer than necessary. If the NMC register was not there it may put the public at risk as it is a background check on who is eligible to work within a care service it goes with you to every job that you are in or applying to so your employers knows who exactly is working with them to protect their service users.
The second local care service I am going to talk about is the Bethany care shelter that is an organisation that helps with people being homeless, working within this organisation they have support workers out in the community to help those at need, The support workers are to be registered on the SSSC. The SSSC purpose is to have a background check done and for the use of service users to look at if needed, its to make sure that all support workers are eligible to look after vulnerable adults this is very similar to having a Scotland disclosure, they also have to follow their codes of practice one being act in the best interests of people at all times and to achieve this they must balance the need to act in the best of interests of people at all times with the recruitment to respect a persons right to refuse or accept the given treatment and make sure when they do so they get the correct documents that are properly consented before carrying out any action.
They also follow the legislations such as Mental health care and treatment (Scotland) act 2003 they will make sure that people with mental health disorders can receive effective care and treatment care and treatment that is promoting health and wellbeing and clear procedures, if these code of practice and legislations are followed this creates positive care and if they do not follow they will be withdrawn from their position and removed from the SSSC register.
Family would come under your primary socialisation this is you first part of socialisation given from your loved ones close to you teaching you how to have manners, beliefs and actions that you act upon learning your right from wrong. A typical person socially influenced by their family would be given unconditional love, security and stability they are nurtured the way a child should be. Ronnie being an atypical person he has not been shown love from either of his parents one being a drug user and dying due to it and the other one leaving him, he hasnt been able to have the feeling of security as there has not been anyone there to give it to him no one to speak to for comfort or to expressing emotions. Ronnie has also not been able to develop any feelings or stability by not getting influenced properly from his parents.
The second one I have chosen is peer groups at an early age peer groups becomes an important part of socialisation, they are the people that will most likely influence a persons beliefs and behaviours and are the people who have similar interests, age and backgrounds. They are the people you mostly follow and interoperate their actions and all peers have different norm roles and values that they have been taught by their families. A typical person with their peer groups would be able to talk to each other and have fun and are always there for one another Ronnie being an atypical person has not had a peer group at school but a peer group that has conflicted in drugs and crime and interoperated their actions in life that has got him in to bad situations such as living on the streets.
The third social influence I have chosen is Education, this is a secondary socialisation. A typical person that has been socially influenced by education has had the learning, the knowledge and the understanding of sticking in school will get you the academic qualification that is required to help go forward with you chosen career path for future. Ronnie being an atypical person has not been able to be socially influenced by education due to lack of attendance and being expelled from school, he has had no knowledge of learning and due to this he was not able to get the qualifications he was needing to help get him in to the right direction for a stable financial job.
The Functionalist theory is about looking at society as whole, it is made of groups that are bound together and share a common understanding of their way of life, it is the common understanding that enables society to remain stable, it also allows shared beliefs and understanding to be passed on to future generations. In relation to the brief I have chosen if Ronnie was to be cared from at home, he wouldnt be able to acknowledge this theory and would find it hard to to look at society as a whole and be seen as a dysfunctional person.
This theory would be good to help Ronnie being cared for in a hospital or residential care unit as he would have the right people given the right help who will help him to look at society as whole, and become the functionalist person he should be, he would build a bond with his carers, talk about his beliefs and be able to achieve his norms, values and roles and be able to share each others common understandings of a stable society.
The conflict theory looks on the view of conflict between various groups in society because they have inherited different interests and beliefs from one another, some groups of people get a better deal from society than other groups. This is not because people are better than others or work harder than others, it results instead from the way in which society is structured. Conflict theorists believe that society can be best explained in terms of the tension and the conflict that exists between different elements of society results in constant struggle and change.
In relation to the brief I have chosen Ronnie being care for at home he would not be able to inherit different interests from others as the people he has associated with only have interests in one thing which is drugs, he would not be able to get a job like others as he will be looked upon for what he has accomplished which has been nothing from school to adulthood due to the family socialisation and peer socialisation he has had. This is how society is structured and would be a struggle to change. Ronnie being cared for in hospital or in a residential care unit he would be able to inherit different interests from others and have the strength to change and be able to get the right help to get him back on his feet building achievements and having control to have stability for his future.
The symbolic theory is a frame of reference, understanding how individuals interact with one another to create a symbolic world. It helps to know how society is preserved and created through repeated interactions between individuals it helps create and recreate meaning and gives the understanding of how the world shapes an individuals behaviour. Ronnie being cared for at home he would not understand how individuals interact properly with one another and may also fall back in to old behaviours with the wrong peer group he associated with. Where if Ronnie was to be cared for at hospital or in a residential care unit, he would be able to interact with the right people, be able to create meaning, have self- concept and take on a role of determination to change past behaviours.
The theory life span is about how Erik the theorist suggests we encounter new situations at each stage in life and we must work out how to solve them in order to have a healthy psychological balance. He also believes that we have a lot of influences on the way we behave and develop and that we are influenced by those around us such as friends, family and teachers as we mix with other it will affect our behaviours.
I feel that if Ronnie was to be cared for home he would not be able to get to the stage in life that he should be at and he would be influenced by the others he has recently socialised with and develop more of unstable phycological balance, where if Ronnie was to be cared for in a hospital or a residential rehab facility it would have a positive strength on this theory as the professional workers would be aware of the theory and know how it works, they would take it step by step with Ronnie to get through the typical process of a healthy balance and with those around him in that environment would have an influence on him and have an impact on his behaviour to become the person he should be.
The second theory is personal centred care this is about people who enjoy life to the full and being a fully functioning person as they would be called and seen to be psychologically healthy people for this people need to have a positive self-esteem in order to have a psychologically health this is based on not having to many conditions of worth imposed on them, and receiving the core condition that people get from interacting with others which are empathy, congruence and unconditional positive regard. Our self-concept is made up of different parts such as self-image, self-esteem and ideal-self.
Our ideal self is the picture of who people would want to be for example thin, tall and an organised person and if the picture does not match up to that then our self-image the picture we have of ourselves that is made up of our qualities and what we think we are like would affect our self-esteem which is most likely to be low if our self-image and ideal self are to far apart. And if we feel good about our self and have a high self-esteem our self-image and ideal-self are close.
This would help Ronnie when being cared for in hospital to have the image that he wants and build his confidence to do so, help him to build his self-esteem and become the person he wants to be with right people around him in the right environment, where if Ronnie was to be cared for at home he would have a low self-esteem and self-image as he would be someone he does not want to be and not being around the right people to help him get the image he wants and needs to have to be phycological healthy. The theory would also have a weakness if he was to be cared for at home as it is a long process to take and being a drug addict, it will be a difficult one to obtain alone without the right support.
The third theory is the Rational Emotive Behaviour theory by Albert Ellis this is about our emotions and how our behaviours are influenced by our thoughts and the best way to change that is to change our faulty way of thinking, our beliefs and ourselves. The theory is also known for the ABC model. The strength of this theory would be that the care workers that are looking after Ronnie would be aware of the theory and know to help him become aware and act to change his beliefs.
I feel that I can relate this to the brief I have chosen because if Ronnie was to be cared for in a hospital or a rehab unit he would be able to challenge his previous behaviours and control them with the help and support given by the right professionals which may be a psychiatrists in Ronnies case as they will listen to his thought a feelings and talk about things he has done in the past and wants to change and get him to belief in himself which will interpret his future behaviours and actions, where if Ronnie was to be cared for at home this theory would have a weakness as he is addicted to drugs so it would be a very hard theory to challenge with out the right care professionals.
Throughout this project I have analysed evaluated and explained about different parts of Sociology, Phycology and Values and principles and I have said why I think it isnt always best to be cared for at home especially in Ronnies case as he is a vulnerable adult who needs help to go in the right direction and if he was to be cared for at home he may fall back in to old patterns and not get the right help hes in need of which would be best from a hospital or residential rehab facility.