This paper example uncovers the main arguments and facts regarding Pollution. Find out about Pollutions in this paper.
Pollution is the release of contaminants into the atmosphere that causes hazardous effects. Pollution takes place indifferent forms. The main cause of pollution is human activity. These activities affect the atmospheric air quality, water bodies or land inhabited by man. Pollution of the ecosystem has become so rampant, calling for control strategies to be implemented. The agents that cause pollution are broadly known as pollutants.
Pollutants are substances that cause damage to any of the three main areas where pollution occurs. This definition gives us three main types of pollution. These are air pollution, land pollution and water pollution. These are classified based on the agent that causes the pollution.
Air pollution refers to the release into the air of either fumes containing dangerous chemicals or loose particles such as dust and natural materials. These cause disharmony and spoil the natural air. This can lead to health defects when such air is inhaled by the occupants of such an environment.
The health defects can also occur indirectly through the consumption of crops planted in areas having polluted air. This is because the normal gaseous exchange will continue. Here, contaminated air is used in the plant’s growth process and as such forms harmful components in the plant. Fumes from industries also cause air pollution. Industries normally emit fumes containing dangerous chemicals. The fumes contain sulphurous compounds. This has a direct effect on human life since they are the cause of cancerous diseases.
Water pollution occurs after the release of pollutants into water bodies or their sources. This affects plant life, human life and organisms that depend or live in these water bodies. Industrial effluents, when released untreated into water bodies, are a significant source of pollution. This kills a vast amount of aquatic life. When plants are irrigated using this water, they carry on the pollutants which stunt their growth or eventually kill them. When human beings consume such water, they develop health problems. Water pollution is the major cause of waterborne diseases, which is one of the causes of death of human beings. Treating polluted water is vital before consumption to avoid waterborne diseases.
Land pollution forms the other main type of pollution. It is characterized by the release of contaminants directly into the land. It also involves practices that lead to the overuse of the land resources. This leads to ruining of the soil and destruction of the natural habitat. Dumping of wastes containing heavy metals leads to land pollution. This has a health risk as plants grown in such areas end up taking in the heavy metals instead of nutrients. When such plants are consumed by either animals or human beings, health disorders may arise. This includes defects of the digestive system to animals and harmful diseases such as cancer to human beings. Land pollution is also caused by human activities such as farming. Chemicals used to improve the production of crops in the form of pesticides and herbicides cause this effect. When they are washed into the soil, they affect the natural condition of the soil. Land should be utilized appropriately to avoid pollution and conserve it.