Imperialism is when a country, empire, or kingdom takes over land outside of its motherland to expand its power. Imperialism directly expresses colonialism, which is when an area is controlled by an outside force. Forces usually imperialize for power, since the colony can help the motherland with any number of needs. For example, Great Britain took over parts of Africa for financial gain, as Africa was a new land that was full of resources and opportunities. Through imperialism, the British Empire became one of the biggest forces in modern history. The imperialism of Great Britain is justified because of its reasons to start, its effects on India, and its effects on Britain.
To understand the effects of British Imperialism, the history of imperialism itself must be explained. Contradictory to popular belief, imperialism started in the mid-sixteenth century. The era from the 1500’s to the 1800’s is known as Old Imperialism. Many European countries needed trade routes to Asia for economic interest. Many nations, “established colonies in the Americas, India, South Africa, and the East Indies, and gained territory along the coasts of Africa and China. Meanwhile, Europe’s Commercial Revolution created new needs and desires for wealth and raw materials. Mercantilists maintained that colonies could serve as a source of wealth, while personal motives by rulers, statesmen, explorers, and missionaries supported the imperial belief in ‘Glory, God, and Gold,’” (The Age of Imperialism (1870–1914)).
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Through this method, Great Britain imperialized India, Australia, and South Africa. Slowly, in the early nineteenth century, countries started to let go of imperialism. However, France and Great Britain followed through in imperialism and soon started an economic “rebirth”. England soon became an “industrial giant, providing more than 25 percent of the world’s output of industrial goods,” (The Age of Imperialism (1870–1914))…