Chapter 19 Industrialization and Nationalism

The realist novels of Flaubert and Dickens
criticized aspects of 19th century life and conditions.

Louis Pasteur proposed
the germ theory of disease.

Romantic painters
aimed to mirror the artist’s imagination

What do the writers Scott, Shelley, Poe and Wordsworth have in common?
They were all romantic writers.

Through music, literature, and painting, the romantic artists attempted to
stir the emotions.

The theory that life forms developed from simpler forms
organic evolution

indifference to religion

theory that some organisms are more adaptable
natural selection

Literary movement that stressed ordinary characters and precise description

emphasis on using feelings and emotions over reason.


seekers of new business opportunities

money supply

production method using rural at home workers
cottage industry

governmental ownership and control of production.

invention that improved thread production
spinning jenny

A powerful monarchy
did not contribute to Britain’s Industrial Revolution.

The textile industry met its last major challenge to full mechanization.
with the development and improvements to the steam engine.

The spread of the factory system resulted in
the movement away from home production, the need for more power, and increased exports of British cotton goods.

The Industrial Revolution created new jobs in
railroad construction, coal mining, and factory production.

James Watt
improved the steam engine.

Metternich claimed, after Napoleon’s defeat, that
lawful monarchs should be restored to power.

After Napoleon, France was governed until 1830 by
a king

The peace settlement that followed the defeat of Napoleon was developed at the
Congress of Vienna.

Which of the following was the first president of the 2nd Republic in France?

In 1848 revolutions took place in
France, Germany and Italy.

Collection of different peoples under the same government, as in the Austrian Empire
a multi-national state.

voting rights for all adult men
universal male suffrage

belief that people should be free from government restaint

right of powerful countries to maintain order throughout Europe
Principle of intervention

belief in tradition and social stability

German word for emperor

Bismarck’s theory of practical, as opposed to idealistic, governance

reliance on military strength

law that freed the Russian serfs
emancipation edict

withdraw from or choose not to be part of

The Compromise of 1867
created the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary, created a single monarch to govern Austria-Hungary, and established a common Austrian-Hungarian Army.

Louis-Napoleon assumed the title of Napoleon III, Emperor of France and at first he
limited civil liberties.

Which of the following was a major threat to American national unity during the 19th century

Bismarck faced opposition from
Austria, France and the legislature.

Britain avoided any form of revolution in 1848 by
giving the industrial middle class the vote.

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Chapter 19 Industrialization and Nationalism
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