Carl Rogers (1902-1987) was a psychologist whom many people connected in humanistic psychology. However, it was Abraham Maslow who utilized the term humanistic psychology as an immediate difference to behaviorism and psychoanalysis. Having taken up clinical practice all the more specifically, Rogers wanted to build up another hypothetical point of view that fits with his clinical perceptions and individual convictions. Rogers developed the person-centered approach during 1940-1960; the practice of this therapy is non-directive counseling. In person-centered therapy, Roger’s fundamental center was to transform clients into subjects of their own treatment since they have a superior comprehension about their emotions.
Each human being has a characteristic attribute of self-acceptance continuing to self-improvement bringing about self-realization. Roger trusted that people will act in habits appropriate to them just whenever liberated from the social standards. There was additionally a perception that all together for the client to introspect their considerations and conduct they should accomplish an appropriate situation to dispose of their resistances and have a much pleasant background in the treatment.
From the earliest starting point, Rogers stressed the mentalities and individual attributes of the therapist also, the nature of the client-therapist relationship as the prime determinants of the result of the therapeutic procedure. Although there are six significant conditions which are essential in person-centered therapy the three core conditions hold a greater essence. They are congruence, empathy, and unconditional positive regard.
According to Rogers in the first condition, the therapist must have a genuine outward reaction towards the client’s contemplations and sentiments which must be accomplished if the therapist is self-aware with the goal and is rationally present amid the treatment.
The therapist can participate in the therapy only if they can eradicate their own concerns and focuses on any negative feeling projected by the client and indulge in a communication based on honesty and transparency. In the second condition, of Unconditional Positive Regard, the therapist not just listens attentively to the client yet, in addition, help their certainty and spurs them for their advancement further. Roger’s exploration indicated that if the therapist can’t acknowledge the client and has little appreciation or demonstrates a disliking it very well may be foreseen that their work won’t be productive. The client will feel an absence of respect and will turn out to be over defensive.
In the third condition of Empathy, the therapist attempts to comprehend a client from their present observation and be persistent with them instead of encouraging or coming to a critical thinking level. The therapist gives the client the lead in the session so that they can communicate in the manner their thought flows.
In person-centered therapy, Roger describes a fully functional human being to those who have an awareness of their feeling and know the constant changes taking place within oneself. Client-centered therapists give clients the liberty to choose whether or not to proceed in the process subsequent to the changes produced by the benefits and the advance evolution of psychotherapy.