Cystic Fibrosis is one of the most common life-threatening disease in North America. One in every twenty-five hundred children born in Canada has cystic fibrosis what is Cystic Fibrosis? Cystic Fibrosis is a disease with no cure and the disorder itself is inherited. It affects the lungs and the digestive system. Cystic fibrosis affects the lung severely causing serious respiratory problems. Also affecting the pancreas liver sweat glands and salivary glands in the mouth are affected. All these organs and glands plug up with thick mucous.
Most people with cystic fibrosis usually die of lung disease. About twenty years ago the life expectancy of a cystic fibrosis patient was not even five years. Now thanks to modern science and new research the average is thirty years of age.
The awareness of the disease has been around since the early 1930.1s, the defective gene itself was linked to chromosome 7 In 1985 by Drs. LaprChee Tsui and Manuel Buchwald. Then finally in 1989 they announced the discovery of the gene responsible for cystic fibrosissymptoms.
The disease affects several bodily functions} Chronic cough producing thick mucous Loss of weight despite a big appetite – Frequent and foul smelling bowel movements – Large amounts of salt during perspiration , Repeatedly getting pneumoniawhat Causes CF? Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease. It occurs when a child inherits two copies of the defective CF gene, one from each parent. Approximately one in every 25 Canadians is a carrier of the gene which causes CF. As they have only one copy of the gene, these indiwduals do not have cystic fibrosis themselves, and can never get the disease.
In most cases. they are not even aware that they are carriers, since they do not have cystic fibrosis. or any of its symptoms Cystic fibrosis is diagnosed using a szeat testE. Unusually high amounts indicate the presence of the disease. Also genetic tests are also used now to diagnose the disease. The Treatment The treatment a CF patient goes through are extremely vigorous at times. Treatments include things such as breathing mask treatments. lung drainage exercises and breathing exercises. A CF patient may take up to as many as 20 pills a day that could include digestive enzymes to help break down the foods and all times of vitamins to keep the health of a patient good and nutritional. Also they can be taking a mucous thinning drug such as Pulmozyme. All times of aerosol medications, Each CF patient may need a different combination of treatments at any given time. The affect of the treatments vary on an Individual basis but are the general treatments for Cystic Fibrosis treatments.
Medications used to treat CF include antibiotics to treat and prevent infections, bronchodilators to open the airways, and mucolytics to help thin and loosen mucus. In some cases, CF patients may also require oxygen therapy or lung transplant. Nutritional therapy is an important part of CF treatment, as patients with CF have difficulty absorbing nutrients from food. A high-calorie, high-protein diet is often recommended, along with pancreatic enzyme supplements to help with digestion.
Airway clearance techniques are also important in CF management, as they help to loosen and clear mucus from the lungs. Techniques may include chest physiotherapy, high-frequency chest wall oscillation, and exercise. In conclusion, cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder caused by a mutation in the CFTR gene, leading to the production of thick, sticky mucus that clogs the airways, pancreas, and other organs. Treatment for CF involves a multidisciplinary approach, including medications, nutritional therapy, airway clearance techniques, and other supportive therapies, aimed at preventing and managing lung infections, improving lung function, and maintaining good overall health.