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Week 3 Quiz in Western Music History Q&A

During the seventeenth century, women who desired a public voice through music often joined a:
convent
The canticle of Mary is generally known as the:
Magnificat
During which service does the Magnificat occur?
Vespers
The prayer of praise at the end of the Magnificat is called the:
doxology
What service(s) did Chiara Margarita Cozzolani provide for the convent of St. Radegonda?
composer
A drama that is sung is called a(n):
opera
A highly emotional song in an opera is called a(n):
aria
The text of an opera is called the:
libretto
Which cultural center rejected Italian opera?
France
The greatest native-born English composer of the Baroque was:
Henry Purcell
Luther believed that music belonged to the:
congregation
Which of the following does NOT describe the chorale?
The expansion of the chorale with new poetry resulted in the:
cantata
Johann Sebastian Bach was most famous in his day as a performer on the:
organ
What would listeners hear in a typical Bach chorale?
Handel’s Messiah is a(n):
oratorio
Why is Messiah so popular in Britain and America today?
It is sung in English.
The first part is appropriate for the Christmas season.
It combines vocal soloists, chorus, and orchestra.
The stories for oratorios are generally drawn from:
the Bible
________ was born in Germany and studied in Italy, but spent much of his creative life in England.
Handel
Later in life, Handel turned his efforts from the opera to the:
oratorio
In seventeenth-century New England, the Puritan practice of singing that is based on call and response was called:
lining-out
Why was lining-out developed?
Most people could not read music. Most people could not afford to buy a psalm book.
The church wanted everyone to participate equally in services.
Which of the following was NOT a musical development in seventeenth-century America?
American composers were discouraged from writing new music.
Which of the following describes the career of William Billings?
He knew several leaders of the American Revolution.
Billings’s best-known publication is:
The first era of Western music history in which instrumental music was a major focus for composers was the:
Baroque
Which of the following is NOT a major difference between Baroque and modern violins?
the general shape of the instrument
Which of the following wind instruments was NOT made of wood during the Baroque?
trumpet
Which of the following dance types was NOT standard in a Baroque suite?
tarantella
Baroque composers applied the concept of the suite to:
solo instrumental music.
keyboard music.
orchestral music.
The instrumental form based on the contrast of two dissimilar bodies of sound is called a:
concerto
The ________ form in a concerto is loosely based on the alternation between orchestral statements and virtuosic passages for the soloist.
ritornello
Which of the following was the greatest and most prolific Italian composer of concertos?
Vivaldi
Vivaldi lived and worked in:
Venice
The solo instrument in Spring, from The Four Seasons, is the:
violin
Which of the following was NOT an important keyboard instrument during the Baroque?
the piano
The harpsichord is different from the piano because:
What is a toccata?
an improvisatory, virtuosic keyboard work
What is the principal element of a fugue?
counterpoint
The opening section of a fugue, in which all voices successively introduce the subject, is called the:
exposition
Creative voices from groups excluded from equal opportunity seldom have any emotional impact.
False
Women who made a name for themselves as professional musicians were often viewed as having low morals.
True
In opera, the lyric melodies that release emotional tension are called recitatives.
False
The first public opera houses opened in Venice.
True
Luther believed that professional musicians had no place in a church service.
False
Chorales were intended to be sung by a trained choir.
False
An oratorio is a dramatic, staged work with elaborate scenery and costumes.
False
The role of the chorus is especially important in the oratorio.
True
Lining-out was a system designed to promote polyphony in America.
False
Shape-note notation was designed to help the general public read music.
True
The Renaissance period was the first in which instrumental music was comparable in importance to vocal music.
False
Stradivarius, Guarneri, and Amati were famous makers of violins during the Baroque era.
False
The typical Baroque concerto is written for a solo instrument with a continuo accompaniment.
False
The tempos in a three-movement concerto are Adagio-Allegro-Andante.
False
The most important keyboard instruments of the Baroque were the harpsichord, organ, and piano.
False
The organ has multiple keyboards.
The organ has multiple keyboards.

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