TEMPLATE : PREPARATION OUTLINE PERSUASIVE SPEECH
Students Name : AQILAH BINTI MUHAMMAD SALEH
Speech Tittle : People Should Not Text While Driving
Specific Purpose : To persuade my audience to focus on driving so they will not get into a
Central Idea : Expose why people should not text while driving because it can cause
I) Attention getter : Text message conversation followed by a crash.
II) Reveal topic : Texting and driving is a problem for people of all ages because it is illegal, the rate of accidents and injuries resulting from it is rising, and related psychological problems are becoming more of a factor in everyday life.
III) Establish credibility : A plethora of family, friends, and co-workers have lost loved ones to a car crash from the distraction of their cell-phone.
IV) Preview : I will start off the speech describing how texting and driving is dangerous,
followed by psychological problems related to the problem, finally finish off with
ways to reduce the use of and lower the accident rate from texting and driving.
i. Texting and Driving is banned in 44 states in the U.S. including the
Transition : Lets we explore about this topic
2132965113030( Monroe s Motivated Sequence Attention )
1. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)(2010)
1.Problem: Texting and Driving is a distraction while driving and it is illegal.
a) Studies show that drivers who retrieve or send text messages are four
times more likely to be in an accident serious enough to injure themselves and others.
Transition : The solution is make it illegal in all states, also make the driver put a cellphone in a compartment which then allows for the car to turn on.
a) Problem: The rates of injuries and deaths from car crashes due to texting and
a) Solution: Change laws, have speakers talk to teens, young adults, and older adults, and advertise via commercials to get the message out.
i. Finally, texting and driving can lead to psychological problems for the
person while driving and also in regular day life.
( Hosking , Young and Regan 2006, Redelmeier and Tibshirni 1997 )
II) Problem: Related psychological problems for many young teens and young adults
are increasingly problematic and affecting them in everyday life.
Solution: Have support groups with people experiencing the same thing, listen to
motivational speakers, and suggest that they stop driving for a certain amount of
i. If I hold up my phone right at the top of my
stirring wheel then I can easily see the road and all of my surroundings,
plus I can still send all the messages I want to my friends.
Argument- One is actually taking a bigger risk by doing this action,
because it is not only blocking vision of some surroundings of the driver,
but also it is in ones peripheral vision while attempting to multitask.
ii. Losing a family member, friend, or even someone you just met is a tough
thing to do, especially if you could have helped prevented it. The first
way to prevent this is to just put down the phone when you drive.
I) In conclusion, texting and driving affects not only the driver, but also victims in
the same car, the other car in the accident, and all of the friends and family that
are involved with the people which are involved in the accident.
II) Texting and Driving is a problem for people of all ages because it is illegal, the
rate of accidents and injuries is rising, and related psychological problems are
becoming more of a factor in everyday life.
III) Everyone has issues that they have to deal with, but breaking the law does no
good for anyone. Distractions are presented at any given time, but one can choose
not to distract themselves with electronics to prevent any accidents while driving.
Emotions can drive everyone crazy which can be helped, but also prevented when
not in use of phones during texting and driving.
IV) Don’t be another statistic when it comes to texting and driving. Be considerate of
others around you. If you have to be on your phone, pull over to the side of the
road. Do not worry about what anybody else thinks just turn your blinker on and
get over. You might think you are fine driving, but someone or something can
easily dart out of nowhere. Those few split seconds you lost because of texting
can mean the difference between life and death.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 08 Nov. 2010. Distracted Driving: Laws and Fines
Hosking, Young, and Regan 2006; Redelmeier and Tibshirani 1997. Injuries: Safe Driving
Jacobson, P., and L. Costin. “Reducing Distracted Driving: Regulation and Education to Avert Traffic Injuries and Fatalities. JAMA 303.14 (2010): 1419. Research Library,