Topics: Smartphone



Matric Number : 2018436014

Faculty / Group : AS2221A2

Lecturer’s Name : MR. SHASHI KUMAR

Speech Tittle : People Should Not Text While Driving

General Purpose : To persuade

Specific Purpose : To persuade my audience to focus on driving so they will not get into a

car accident

Central Idea : Expose why people should not text while driving because it can cause

dangerous , death and others


I) Attention getter : Text message conversation followed by a crash.

II) Reveal topic : Texting and driving is a problem for people of all ages because it is illegal, the rate of accidents and injuries resulting from it is rising, and related psychological problems are becoming more of a factor in everyday life.

III) Establish credibility : A plethora of family, friends, and co-workers have lost loved ones to a car crash from the distraction of their cell-phone.

IV) Preview : I will start off the speech describing how texting and driving is dangerous,

followed by psychological problems related to the problem, finally finish off with

ways to reduce the use of and lower the accident rate from texting and driving.

i. Texting and Driving is banned in 44 states in the U.S. including the

District of Colombia.

Transition : Let’s we explore about this topic


2132965113030( Monroe ‘s Motivated Sequence Attention )

Main idea 1

Subpoint 1

1. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)(2010)

B.Subpoint 2

1.Problem: Texting and Driving is a distraction while driving and it is illegal.

a) Studies show that drivers who retrieve or send text messages are four

times more likely to be in an accident serious enough to injure themselves and others.

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Transition : The solution is make it illegal in all states, also make the driver put a cellphone in a compartment which then allows for the car to turn on.

Main idea 2

Subpoint 1

a) Problem: The rates of injuries and deaths from car crashes due to texting and

driving are continuously rising.

B. Subpoint 2

a) Solution: Change laws, have speakers talk to teens, young adults, and older adults, and advertise via commercials to get the message out.

i. Finally, texting and driving can lead to psychological problems for the

person while driving and also in regular day life.

( Hosking , Young and Regan 2006, Redelmeier and Tibshirni 1997 )

Main idea 3

I) Reducing Distracted Driving(2010)

II) Problem: Related psychological problems for many young teens and young adults

are increasingly problematic and affecting them in everyday life.

Solution: Have support groups with people experiencing the same thing, listen to

motivational speakers, and suggest that they stop driving for a certain amount of


i. If I hold up my phone right at the top of my

stirring wheel then I can easily see the road and all of my surroundings,

plus I can still send all the messages I want to my friends.

Argument- One is actually taking a bigger risk by doing this action,

because it is not only blocking vision of some surroundings of the driver,

but also it is in one’s peripheral vision while attempting to multitask.

ii. Losing a family member, friend, or even someone you just met is a tough

thing to do, especially if you could have helped prevented it. The first

way to prevent this is to just put down the phone when you drive.


I) In conclusion, texting and driving affects not only the driver, but also victims in

the same car, the other car in the accident, and all of the friends and family that

are involved with the people which are involved in the accident.

II) Texting and Driving is a problem for people of all ages because it is illegal, the

rate of accidents and injuries is rising, and related psychological problems are

becoming more of a factor in everyday life.

III) Everyone has issues that they have to deal with, but breaking the law does no

good for anyone. Distractions are presented at any given time, but one can choose

not to distract themselves with electronics to prevent any accidents while driving.

Emotions can drive everyone crazy which can be helped, but also prevented when

not in use of phones during texting and driving.

IV) Don’t be another statistic when it comes to texting and driving. Be considerate of

others around you. If you have to be on your phone, pull over to the side of the

road. Do not worry about what anybody else thinks just turn your blinker on and

get over. You might think you are fine driving, but someone or something can

easily dart out of nowhere. Those few split seconds you lost because of texting

can mean the difference between life and death.


National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 08 Nov. 2010. Distracted Driving: Laws and Fines

Hosking, Young, and Regan 2006; Redelmeier and Tibshirani 1997. Injuries: Safe Driving

Jacobson, P., and L. Costin. “Reducing Distracted Driving: Regulation and Education to Avert Traffic Injuries and Fatalities.” JAMA 303.14 (2010): 1419. Research Library,

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PERSUASIVE SPEECH - AQILAH. (2019, Nov 30). Retrieved from

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