At the height of the Mughal Empire, the Mughals occupied an area of what we know today as parts of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan. The Mughals also interacted with many of their neighboring empires and countries during its existence. As a result, Mughal art and culture were very unique because they contained a mixture of Arabic, Persian, Buddhist, Sikh, and Hindu influences. Mughal art was a great focus during this period because most of the great Mughal rulers viewed art as a very important element of the Mughal Empire.
Thus, Mughal art was able to develop rapidly and prosperously. Among the different types of art produced during the Mughal Empire, architecture would be considered the most celebrated and well-known form. The Taj Mahal is a great example; it is so famous that, in 2007, it was named as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. In addition to art, the effects of Mughal culture can also be seen today.
Urdu, a language spoken by over 160 million people, came to existence from the interactions of the Mughal Empire with Persia and the Arabic world. Much of the music heard in India today is heavily influenced by Mughal music, especially when it comes to religious practices. Additionally, Indian Cuisine as we know today contains variations of Mughlai cuisine, like the unique smell of spices and the distinctive spicy taste.
The rise of Mughal art began during Jahangir’s (ja hon gear) reign. Jahangir was a prince who had a strong taste for art and cared about every small detail in the artwork.
Because of Jahangir, Mughal paintings were able to blossom effectively. Jahangir’s son Shah Jahan (shaw ja hon) was most celebrated for his architectural achievements and contributions. He commissioned the Taj Mahal, which was a mausoleum (maw so le em) built for his favorite wife after her death in 1631. It took twenty-one years to complete, and today is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and about 3 million people visit the s…
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